Study of Mud Clam Polymesoda erosa (Bivalvia) Conservation Strategy Based on Landscape Character and Anthropogenic Activity

Anang Kadarsah, Krisdianto Krisdianto, Ika Oksi Susilawati

Abstract


Information on landscape character and anthropogenic activity is necessary to develop conservation strategy, especially for mud clam (Polymesoda erosa) sustainability harvesting. The purpose of this study is to identify the landscape character and anthropogenic activity that influence mud clam conservation strategy in the coast of Tabanio Village, Takisung Sub-District in Tanah Laut Regency. The research discovered seven types of landscape in the coastal area of Tabanio namely human settlements, rice fields, plantations, cemetery abandoned land, offices, and other public infrastructures. Landscape, landscaping, abandoned land and settlements provide the largest contribution (96 %t) in the formation of coastal characters. Related to changes in landscape structure, environmental pollution activity in the form of waste disposal to the landscape is the most frequent activity (91.4 %) related to changes in landscape structure. Destructing collecting, cutting down  and destroying plants and animals in and from the region (87.7%) are the most frequent anthropogenic activities related to the conservation of mud clam in the coast of Tabanio Village. The landscape zonation consists of four i.e : recreation zone, mangrove forest zone, economic zone and distribution zone. The position of each zone tends to clump primarily for the economic zone behind the recreation zone. The core zone  of the landscape design at Tabanio Coast , Takisung District is concentrated in the recreation zone which functions as a meeting place for various communities (fishermen, traders and visitors) and the government workers (village officials and TNI-Polri). Furthermore, the recreation zone also facilitates activities that support coastal economy and tourism. Community assistance programs are required to build the capacity of fishermen and farmers as an effort to achieve a successful mud clam conservation and management in Tabanio Village, Takisung District.

Keywords


adaptation, conservation, shellfish, coastal

Full Text:

PDF (English)

References


Afiati, N. (2010). Kerang Darah (Anadora granosa L.) (Bivalvia:Arcidae) Sebagai Bioindikator Lingkungan Akuatik dan Upaya Konservasinya. Pidato Pengukuhan Penerimaan Jabatan Guru Besar Bidang Biologi pada Fakultas Perikanan dan Kelautan Universitas Diponegoro. ISBN. 978.602.8467.29.2. UNNES Press, Semarang.

Ashari, Saptana, & T. B. Purwantini. (2012). Potensi dan prospek pemanfaatan lahan pekarangan untuk mendukung ketahanan pangan. Forum Penelitian Agro Ekonomi, 30(1), 13–30.

Bachok, Z., P. L. Mfilinge & Tsuchiya, M. (2006). Food Sources of Coexisting Suspension - Feeding Bivalves as Indicated by Fatty Acid Biomarkers, Subjected to The Bivalves Abundance on a Tidal Flat. Journal of Sustainability Science and Management. 1: 92- 111.

Badan Riset Kelautan dan Perikanan Departemen Kelautan dan Perikanan. (2004). Ekologi dan Potensi Sumberdaya Perikanan. Lembata: NTT. ISBN 9799719445.

Brotowidjoyo. (1994). Zoologi Dasar. Erlangga, Jakarta.

Brandon, P. S. & L. Patrizia. (2005). Evaluating Sustainable Development In The Built Environment, Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford, UK.

Chapin III, F. S., Matson, P. A. & Mooney, H. A. (2002). Principles of Terrestrial Ecosystem Ecology. Springer, Tokyo.

Coccossis,H., Mexa, A. & Parpairi,A. (2001). Defining, Measuring and Evaluating Carrying Capacity in European Tourism Destinations.Final Report B4-3040/2000/294577/MAR/D2, Athens. http://ec.europa.eu/environment/iczm/pdf/tcca_en.pdf, accessed 20 September 2018.

Dewi, D. A. N. N. (2010). Analisis Bioekonomi Untuk Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Kerang Simping (Amusium plueronectes) Di Kabupaten Batang, Jawa Tengah. Tesis. Program Studi Magister Ilmu Ekonomi dan Studi Pembangunan. Program Pasca Sarjana Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang.

Direktorat Jenderal Pemberdayaan Masyarakat dan Desa : Desa Tabanio. (2014). Profil Desa Tabanio Kecamatan Takisung Kabupaten Tanah Laut Provinsi Kalimantan Selatan. Departemen Dalam Negeri, Jakarta.

Ghufran, H. K. (2011). Ekosistem Lamun (Sea Grass). Penerbit Rineka Cipta, Jakarta.

Hafizianor. (2009). Interaksi, Persepsi Dan Sikap Masyarakat Terhadap Kawasan Suaka Margasatwa (Studi Kasus di Kawasan Suaka Margasatwa Pelaihari Kabupaten Tanah Laut). Jurnal Hutan Tropis Borneo No. 26, Edisi Juni 2009.

Investments, V. S. (2017). Penduduk Indonesia. https://www.indonesia-investments.com/id/budaya/penduduk/item67?, accessed 3 September 2018.

Kadarsah, A. & Susilawati, I. O. (2018). Kajian Perbandingan Luas Pekarangan dan Kearifan Lokal Jenis Tanaman Obat di Pesisir pantai Kabupaten Tanah Laut. Jurnal Biodjati, 3 (1), 36-46.

Kuspriyangga. (2011). Etnobiologi sebagai Modal Dasar Kebangkitan Bangsa. Opini Kampus Rabu, 27 April 2011. Mahasiswa Konservasi Sumberdaya Hutan dan Ekowisata, Fakultas Kehutanan IPB. Peserta PPSDMS Regional V Bogor.

Listyaningsih, D. D., Yulianda, F. & Ardli, E. R. (2013). Kajian Degradasi Ekosistem Mangrove Terhadap Populasi Polymesoda Erosa di Segara Anakan, Cilacap. Forum Geografi, 27, No. 1 (Juli), 1–10.

Malik, M. (2011). Evaluasi Komposisi dan Vegetasi Mangrove Di Kawasan Pesisir Kecamatan Tugu Kota Semarang. Semarang. Retrieved from http://lib.unnes.ac.id/8010/1/10536.pdf

Moran, D. & Pearce, D. (1994). The Economic Value Of Biodiversity. In Association With The Biodiversity Programme Of IUCN — The World Conservation Union. Earthscan Publications Limited, London.

Poutiers, J. M. (1998). Bivalves. In: K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (Eds.), The Living Marine Resources Of the Western Central Pacific, FAO UN, Rome. pp 124-328.

Pramudji. (2000). Dampak Perilaku Manusia Pada Ekosistem Hutan Mangrove Di Indonesia. Oseana, Volume XXV, Nomor 2, 2000:13-20. ISSN 0216-1877.

Pranata, R. T. H. & Satria, A. (2015). Strategi Adaptasi Nelayan Terhadap Penetapan Kawasan Konservasi Perairan Daerah Di Misool Selatan, KKPD Raja Ampat. J. Kebijakan Sosek KP Vol. 5 No. 2.

Purnama, S. (2015). Analisis Daya Dukung (Carrying Capacity Ratio) Lahan Perkebunan. Artikel. http://disbun.jabarprov.go.id/index.php/artikel/detailartikel/67, accessed 3 September 2018.

Setyawan, A. D. & Winarno, K. (2006). Pemanfaatan Langsung Ekosistem Mangrove di Jawa Tengah dan Penggunaan Lahan di Sekitarnya; Kerusakan dan Upaya Restorasinya. Biodiversitas. Volume 7, Nomor 3. ISSN: 1412-033X. Halaman: 282-291.

Sunaryo, Uji, T. & Tihurua, E. F. (2012). Komposisi Jenis dan Potensi Ancaman Tumbuhan Asing Invasif di Taman Nasional Gunung Halimun-Salak, Jawa Barat. Bidang Botani, Pusat Penelitian Biologi, Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia. Bogor. No. 11. Halaman 231–239.

Vold, T. & Buffett, D. A. (eds.). (2008). Ecological Concepts, Principles and Applications to Conservation, BC. 36 pp. Available at: www.biodiversitybc.org.

Yaherwandi, Manuwoto, S., Buchori, D., Hidayat, P. & Prasetyo, L. (2008). Struktur Komunitas Hymenoptera parasitoid pada tumbuhan liar di sekitar pertanaman padi di daerah aliran sungai (DAS) Cianjur, Jawa Barat. HPT Tropika, 8(2), 90–101.

Yuniati, W. (2011). Sekolah Lapang Pengelolaan Bambu MAP‐Indonesia di Sulawesi Selatan. Mangrove Journal MAP Indonesia. http://blue-forests.org/wp/wp-content/uploads/ 2015/04/2010-Mangrove-Journal-SL-bambu-article.pdf, accessed 3 September 2018.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15575/biodjati.v3i2.3209

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Indexing By :

          

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

 

View My Stats