Scientific Thinking in Islamic Thought: Concept and its Importance

Alias Azhar

Abstract


God’s revelations, as the main source of knowledge, do not deny, in any way our brain’s functional capabilities. The Quran acknowledges the necessity and importance of the brain. Islamic epistemology regards the brain as the second source of knowledge after the revelations. The holistic perspective on knowledge that is gained by mankind is that it is constructed by man in the context of their thinking culture, education and social concepts. Therefore, in this regard, thinking method directly relates to the objectives of Islam and its Sharia, and gives a significant implication towards understanding and developing Sharia as a dynamic knowledge area. This study combines three (3) methods, content analysis; historical method and comparison of the review of the history of the construction of Islamic thought and the review of screening methods Sociology Society background. The discussion this article covers the definition and concept of scientific thinking skills and scientific Islamic thought and the approaches of critical thinking in Islamic scientific thought. In reality, Muslims are not prohibited by their religion to think scientifically through scientific thinking methods, provided that it does not contradict with Islam. Some knowledge which is built through scientific thinking can be used to understand the Quranic texts more profoundly. Also, undeniably, the eminence of God’s revelations has been made evident and exploited to proof the existence of Allah.


Keywords


Islamic Thought; Critical Thinking; Thinkers; Paradigm; Intellectualism

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdullah, Abdul Rahman. (1997). Pemikiran Islam di Malaysia: Sejarah dan Aliran, Jakarta: Gema Insani.

Al-Alwani, Taha Jabir. (1991). “Taqlid and The Stagnation Of The Muslim Brain”, The American Journal Of Social Sciences, USA: AMSS & IIIT.

An-Najjar, Abdul Majid. (2002). Kebebasan Berfikir Dlm. Islam, Jakarta: Pustaka Firdaus.

Ayob, Ahmad Mahzan. (1997). Kaedah Penyelidikan Sosio ekonomi, ed. 2, Kuala Lumpur: DBP.

Daud, Wan Mohd Nor Wan. (1990). “Budaya Ilmu Sebagai Asas Pembangunan Tamaddun”, Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, Kuala Lumpur: University Malaya.

De Bono, E. (1993). Serious Creativity: Using the Power of Integral Thinking To create New Ideas, New York: Harper & Colling.

El-Muhammady, Abdul Halim. (2002). Tasawwur Islam: Huraian Konsep Dan Implikasi Dalam Kehidupan, Kuala Lumpur: ABIM.

Hamat, Mohd Fauzi. (2000). “Penghasilan Karya Sintesis Antara Mantik Dan Usul Al-Fiqh: Rujukan Kepada Kitab Al-Mustasfa Min `Ilm Al-Usul, karangan Imam Al-Ghazali (M. 505H/1111M)”, in AFKAR, KL:APIUM.

Hasan, Muhammad Kamal. (1996). Toward Actualizing Islamic Ethical And Educational Principles In Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur: ABIM.

Hassan, Ainon Mohd. Abdullah. (1997). Memahami Pemikiran Lateral, Kuala Lumpur: Utusan Publications.

Husain, Asaf. (1984). “The Ideology of Orientalism”, in Orientalism, Islam and Islamist, Vermont.

Husni, Nor Azaruddin. (2004). Pemikiran Sains Mahathir: Dari Perspektif Islam, in, Pemikir, Januari- Mac, Kuala Lumpur: Kumpulan Utusan.

Ilyas Supena. ( 2002). Dekonstruksi dan rekonstruksi Hukum Islam, Yogyakarta: Gama Media.

Jamidin, Mohd Nasuha, et.al., (1996). Kemahiran Berfikir Dan Belajar, Selangor: Penerbit Fajar Bakti.

Kailani, Majid Irsan. (1997). Mendidik Peribadi, Muhammad Firdaus (terj.), Kuala Lumpur: Berita Publishing.

Khaldun, Ibnu. (1968). Al- Muqaddimah, Kaherah: Lujnah Al- Bayan Al-‘Arabi.

Majid, Mohamad Kamil Abdul. (2001). “Pertembungan Tamadun Islam Dengan Kolonialisme Barat”, in Tamaddun Islam Dan Tamaddun Asia, Kuala Lumpur: DBP.

Mohamad, Shukeri. (2000). Asas-asas Pembentukan Fiqh Malaysia: Satu Saranan, in. Paizah Ismail & Ridzwan (pngr.), Fiqh Malaysia: Ke Arah Pembinaan Fiqh Tempatan Yang Terkini, Kuala Lumpur: APIUM.

Noah, Sidek Mohd. (2002). Reka bentuk Penyelidikan: Falsafah, Teori Dan Praktis, Serdang: UPM.

Omar, A. Rahman. (1990). Fizik: Perkembangannya Dalam Tamadun Islam, dlm. Baharudin Yatim & Sulaiman Noordin (pnyt.) Sains Menurut Perspektif Islam, Bangi: UKM.

Pa, Nik Aziz Nik. (2007). Pendidikan Islam & Bahasa Arab Berteraskan Islam Hadhari, Putrajaya: Yayasan Islam Hadhari.

Safi, Louay M. (1998). Truth And Reform: Exploring The Patterns And Dynamics Of Historical Change, Kuala Lumpur: Open Press Publication.

Samian, Abdul Latif & Mastor, Khairul Anwar. (2003). Perkembangan Sains Dan Peradaban Manusia, Bangi: Penerbit UKM.

Yahya, Harun. (2003). Berfikir, Kuala Lumpur: Jasmin Enterprise.

Zain, Shaharir Mohamad. (2005). Sains Dan Teknologi Melayu Sebelum Dikuasai Penjajah Dari Eropah, in. (Eds.) Rogayah A. Hamid & Mariam Salim, Kepustakaan Ilmu Tradisional, Kuala Lumpur: DBP.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15575/ijni.v5i1.1218

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Flag Counter

View My Stats

Creative Commons License

International Journal of Nusantara Islam is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License