The explanation of muwālāt in Zuhaily’s exegesis “al Tafsir al munir”

Iman Kanani, Muhammad Zarasi, Zulkifli Mohd Yusoff

Abstract


One of the crucial contemporary issues of Islamic thought that has brought complicated situation in Muslims states, on the one hand, and between Muslims and non-Muslims on the other hand, is the issue of muwālāt. The literal understanding of muwālāt has caused profound problems in human societies, especially in the multi-religion countries. This research clarifies the meaning of loyalty in the Qur’ān based on al-Zuḥayli’s exegesis by using analytical -inductive method. The present study also elucidates Al-Zuḥayli’s point of view towards spiritual muwālāt and humane social muwālāt in the Quran.Hence, the study reveals fruitful findings and output, indicating that al-Zuḥayli separated muwālāt to three categories; prohibited muwālāt, muwālāt that causes infidelity, and muwālāt which means nice cohabitation with others. Also, the study explores that al-Zuḥayli believes that the principle in relations with Non-Muslims is based on peace. Furtheremore, al-Zuḥayli pointed out that muwālāt is permissible when it benefits Muslim society and Non- Muslim are not fighting with or betraying Muslims. Also the study presents that al-Zuḥayli has distinguished between muwālāt that means monotheism and worshiping God, and other types of muwālāt.

Keywords


Muwālāt; Walā’; the people of the book; Infidels; Spritual muwālāt; Humane muwālāt

Full Text:

PDF

References


Al-Azharῑ, Abū Manṣur, (2001 M-1422 H). Tahdhib al-Lughah, Beirut, Dar Ihya’ al-Turats al-‘Arabi.

Al-Bukhārῑ, (2001 M-1422 H). Al-Jāmi’ Al-Ṣaḥῑḥ, Beirut Dar Ṭauq al-Najah.

Al-Dhahabῑ, Syams al-Dῑn, (1987 M-1407 H), Tārῑkh al-Islām wa Wafayāt Al-Mashāhῑr wa al-A’lām, Beirut, Dar al-Kitab al-‘Arabi.

Al-Fairuzzabādῑ, (1980 M-1400 H). Al-Qāmūs al-Muḥiṭ, Mishr, Mathba’ah al-Amiriyyah.

Al-Ḥumaidi, (2002 M-1423 H), Al-Jam’ bayn al-Ṣaḥῑḥayn al-Bukhārῑ wa Muslim, Beirut, Dar Ibn Hazm.

Al-Jawharῑ, (2002 M-1423 M). Al-Ṣiḥāḥ, Beirut, Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah.

Al-Qahṭāni, (1993 M-1413 H), Min Mafāhim ‘Aqῑdat al-Salaf al-Ṣāliḥ al-Walā’ wa al-Barā’ fῑ al-Islām, Makkah al-Mukarramah, Dar al-Thayyibah.

Al-Sharῑf, Ḥatim bin’Arif bin Naṣir, (no dates). Al-Walā’ wa al-Barā’, Makkah al-Mukarramah, Kulliyyah al-Dakwah Jami’ah Umm al-Qura’, (min al-Maktabah al-Syamilah, al-Ishdar al-Tsalits).

Al-Ṭabarῑ, Muhammad bin Jarῑr, (1987 M-1407 H). Tārῑkh al-Umam wa al-Mulūk, Beirut, Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah.

Al-Zabῑdῑ, Abū al-Fayḍ, (2001 M-1422 H). Tāj al-‘Arūs, Kuwait, Al-Majlis al-Wathani li al-Thaqafah wa al-Funun wa al-Adab.

Al-Zamakhsharῑ, (1994 M-1414 H), Al-Fāiq fῑ Gharῑb al-Ḥadῑth, Lubnan, Dar al-Fikr.

http://www.islamhouse.com/p/314830, Sharḥ Risālat al-Dalāil fῑ Ḥukm Muwālāt Ahl al-Ishrāk, Sharḥ al-Fawzān.

Ibn Fāris bin Zakariyyā, (1979 M-1399 H). Mu’jam al-Maqāyis al-Lughah, Beirut, Dar al-Fikr.

Ibn Hishām, (1991 M-1411 H). Al-Sῑrah Al-Nabawiyyah, Beirut, Dar al-Jayl.

Ibn Kathῑr, (1988 M-1427 H). Al-Bidāyah wa al-Nihāyah, Beirut, Dar Ihya’ Al-Turats al-‘Arabi.

Ibn Manẓūr, (no dates). Lisān al-‘Arab, Beirut, Dar Shadir

Jal’ūd Mahmās, (1985 M-1395 H). Al-Muwālah wa al-Mu’ādah fi al-Sharῑ’at al-Islāmiyyah, Riyadh, Dar al-Yaqin .

Ṣāliḥ Ālu Al-Shaykh et. al. (2000 M-1421 H). Kitāb Uṣūl Al-Īmān fῑ Ḍaw’ Kitāb wa Al-Sunnah, Al-Mamlakah al-Su’udiyyah Al-‘Arabiyyah, Wizarat al-Syu’un al-Islamiyyah wa al-Awqaf wa al-Da’wah wa al-Irsyad.

Wahbah al-Zuhaylῑ, (1998 M-1418 H), Al-Tafsῑr al-Munῑr, Lubnan, Dar al-Fikr.

Wahbah Al-Zuhaylῑ, (1998 M-1418 H). Āthār al-Ḥarb fῑ Fiqh al-Islāmiyyah, Beirut, Dar al-Fikr.

Wahbah al-Zuhaylῑ, (2000 M-1420 H), Al-‘Alāqāt al-Dawliyyah fi al-Islām, Lubnan, Dar al-Makatib.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15575/ijni.v4i1.1441

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Flag Counter

View My Stats

Creative Commons License

International Journal of Nusantara Islam is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License