Integration of Reason and Revelation in the Perspective of Philosophy of Science

Dadang Mustopa

Abstract


Reason is a primary instrument that God created in humans. With reason, one can reason, analyse, and give birth to innovative, creative, and varied ideas. Today the social stratification of a person and his strategic position in the community are often determined by the product of the mind that is born — mainly related to the world of science and modern technology. However, in the perspective of the Qur'an, the mind is not everything. Because at a certain level, competence and reasoning, power cannot afford to reach it. Notably, if it is correlated with the issue of religious truth absolutism, then one cannot rely solely on his reason. Therefore, God revealed revelation as a definitive reference in establishing absolute truth. The announcement that God sent down in no way contradicts a healthy mind. In fact, between revelation and reason can synergize in determining which are good and which are bad, which are right and which are wrong. At the same time, the idea cannot be arrogant but must be submissive and obedient to revelation. Therefore, the reason is never satisfied with a truth that is received without proof rationally. To strengthen the faith in the revelation of God and to provide an explanation for those who doubt, a revelation needs the role of reason to reveal the truths brought about by revelation. With the ability of reason to confirm the fact brought by revelation rationally, then the truth revelation will be more readily accepted by humans by the signs determined by revelation.

Keywords


Reason; Revelation; Philosophy of Science; Truth

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdullah, M. A. (1995). Falsafah Kalam di Era Postmodernisme. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Annalakshmi, N., & Abeer, M. (2011). Islamic worldview, religious personality and resilience among Muslim adolescent students in India. Europe’s Journal of Psychology, 7(4), 716-738–738. https://doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v7i4.161

Anshari, E. S. (1982). Ilmu, Filsafat dan Agama. Surabaya: Bina Imu.

Ayala, F. J., & Arp, R. (2009). Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Biology. West Sussex: John Wiley & Sons.

Bakhshizadeh, M. (2018). Changing Gender Norms in Islam Between Reason and Revelation. Opladen - Berlin - Toronto: Verlag Barbara Budrich.

Beasley, D. R. (2000). Beasley’s Guide to Library Research. Toronto - Buffalo - London: University of Toronto Press.

Bicchieri, C., Muldoon, R., & Sontuoso, A. (2018). Social Norms. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2018). Retrieved from https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2018/entries/social-norms/

Gazalba, S. (1992). Sistematika Filsafat. Jakarta: Bulan Bintang.

Griffel, F. (2018). Ibn Taymiyya and His Ashʿarite Opponents on Reason and Revelation: Similarities, Differences, and a Vicious Circle. The Muslim World, 108(1), 11–39. https://doi.org/10.1111/muwo.12228

Guerra, M. D. (2001). The Christian Aristotelianism of james Schall. In M. D. Guerra (Ed.), Reason, Revelation, and Human Affairs: Selected Writings of James V. Schall. Maryland - Oxford: Lexington Books.

Habti, D. (2011). Reason and Revelation for an Averroist Pursuit of Convivencia and Intercultural Dialogue. Policy Futures in Education, SAGE Publications, 9(1), 81–87. https://doi.org/10.2304/pfie.2011.9.1.81

Heidegger, M. (2004). The Phenomenology of Religious Life. Bloomington - Indiana: Indiana University Press.

Hourani, G. F. (2007). Reason and Tradition in Islamic Ethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lapidus, I. M. (2002). A History of Islamic Societies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Masbukin, M., & Hassan, A. (2017). AKAL DAN WAHYU; Antara Perdebatan dan Pembelaan dalam Sejarah. TOLERANSI, 8(2), 152–169.

Masudi, M. (2015). PEMIKIRAN FILSAFAT IBNU THUFAIL (Khazanah Pemikiran Filsafat dari Timur Asrar al-Hikmat al-Masyriqiyyah). FIKRAH, 3(2), 411–430. https://doi.org/10.21043/fikrah.v3i2.1822

Mienaltowski, A. (2011). Everyday problem solving across the adult life span: solution diversity and efficacy. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1235, 75–85. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.2011.06207.x

Morris, T. V. (1994). God and the Philosophers: The Reconciliation of Faith and Reason. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Morrison, R. G. (2013). Islamic Perspectives on Natural Theology. In R. R. Manning (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Natural Theology. Oxford: OUP Oxford.

Muhaimin. (2000). Pembaharuan Islam: refleksi pemikiran Rasyid Rida dan tokoh-tokoh Muhammadiyah. Bandung: Pustaka Dinamika.

Nasution, H. (1982). Akal dan Wahyu dalam Islam. Jakarta: Penerbit Universitas Indonesia.

Nasution, H. (1986). Teologi Islam: Aliran-aliran Sejarah Analisa Perbandingan. Jakarta: Penerbit Universitas Indonesia.

Newbegin, T. L. (2011). The Book of Revelation: a New Beginning. Bloomington: Balboa Press.

Nielsen, K. (1995). On Transforming Philosophy: A Metaphilosophical Inquiry. Boulder: Westview Press.

Rushd, I. (n.d.). Faṣl al-Maqāl. al-Qāhirah: Dār al-Ma’ārif.

Ṣalibā, J. (1982). al-Mu’jam al-Falsafi, Vol. II. Bayrūt: Dār al-Kutub al-Lubnānī.

Schilling, S. P. (1948). Revelation and Reason. Journal of Bible and Religion, 16(1), 13–72. Retrieved from JSTOR.

Sonn, T. (2005). Islam and Modernity: Are They Compatible? In H. Malick & S. T. Hunter (Eds.), Modernization, Democracy, and Islam. Washington DC: ABC-CLIO.

Sudarsono. (2004). Filsafat Islam. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Trueblood, D. (1994). Philosophy of Religion (Filsafat Agama) (M. Rasjidi, Trans.). Retrieved from https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/6962105-filsafat-agama

Vries, H. de. (2009). Religion: Beyond a Concept. New York: Fordham Univ Press.

Wen, R. K. (2014). Philosophy: One Man’s Overview. Bloomington: iUniverse.

Yudiani, E. (2013). DINAMIKA JIWA DALAM PERSPEKTIF PSIKOLOGI ISLAM PRA-PSIKOLOGI ISLAM (HAMKA, 1956) JIA/Juni 2013/Th.XIV/Nomor 1/ PDF. Jurnal Ilmu Agama, 14(1), 45–59.

Yusuf, Y. (2016). Alam Pikiran Islam Pemikiran Kalam. Jakarta: Prenada Media.

Zaelani, K. (2015). Philosophy of science actualization for Islamic science development: Philosophical study on an epistemological framework for Islamic sciences. Pacific Science Review B: Humanities and Social Sciences, 1(3), 109–113. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psrb.2016.06.004




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15575/ijni.v6i2.4876

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Flag Counter

View My Stats

Creative Commons License

International Journal of Nusantara Islam is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License