The Contributions of the Mawālī to Hadith Scholarship

Agus Suyadi Raharusun(1*), Irwan Abdurahman(2), Aceng Abdul Kodir(3)

(1) Scopus ID: 57209024183)UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung, Indonesia
(2) Universitas Islam Negeri sunan Gunung Djati Bandung, Indonesia
(3) Universitas Islam Negeri sunan Gunung Djati Bandung, Indonesia, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


Islamic scholarship is built by various communities. As a religion that carries the spirit of liberation, Islam provides opportunities for anyone to self-actualize. Mawālī was an element of the early Muslim community that contributed positively to hadith scholarship. During the Umayyah Dynasty, the mawālī became a second-class community, but it had a positive impact on the mawālī to take another path to be considered the main community. This research uses a qualitative method with an analytical-descriptive approach. The author used a biographical dictionary of hadith narrators to find the research data. For the data found to be informative, the author uses a historical perspective to find out the traces of his scholarship. In addition, the author confirms the hadith books. Based on the elaboration, it can be concluded that the mawālī, with its various types, contributed greatly to Islamic scholarship, especially in the field of hadith studies, from the time of the Companions to the later generations.


Hadith; Contribution; Mawālī

Full Text:



Al-Bayhaqi. (2003). Shu‘b al-Īmān (Vol. 4). Maktabah al-Rushd.

al-Hakim al-Naisaburi. (n.d.). Ma‘rifat Ulum al-Hadis. Maktabah al-Mutanabbi.

Al-Miqdād, M. (1988). “Al-Mawālī wa al-Niẓām al-Walā’ min al-Jāhiliyyah Ḥattā Ākhir ‘Aṣr al-Umawī”, (Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1988). Dār al-Fikr.

al-Naisaburi, A. al-H. M. bin al-H. (1991). Shahîh Muslim. Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah.

Anjum, O. (2021, February 4). The ‘Constitution’ of Medina: Translation, Commentary, and Meaning Today.

Https://Yaqeeninstitute.Org/Ovamiranjum/the-Constitution-of-Medina-Translation-Commentary-and-Meaning-Today .

Brown, J. (2019). Slavery and Islam. Oneworld.

Cooperson, M. (2015). “arabs” and “iranians”: The uses of ethnicity in the early Abbasid period. In Islamic History and Civilization (Vol. 114).

Goldziher, I. (2005). Muslim Studies . Routledge.

Hamdeh, E. (2021). Mawālī: How Freed Slaves and Non-Arabs Contributed to Islamic Scholarship.


Hanbal, A. bin. (1995). Musnad Ahmad. Muassasatu ar-Risalah.

Ibn Khaldūn, ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. Muḥammad. (2004). Muqaddimat ibn Khaldun (Vol. 2). Dār Yaʿrib.

Ibn Ṣalāh. (1986). Muqaddimah ibn Ṣalāḥ. Dār al-Fikr.

Ibrahim, I. (2020). Mawālī, Para Budak yang Berjasa Mengembangkan Ilmu Keislaman . Https://Muhammadiyah.or.Id/Mawali-Para-Budak-Yang-Berjasa-Mengembangkan-Ilmu-Keislaman/ .

Jabali, F. (2010). Sahabat Nabi; Siapa, kemana, dan Bagaimana? Mizan.

Khan, N. (2020, February 4). “Divine Duty: Islam and Social Justice,” Yaqeen, Https://Yaqeeninstitue.Org/Nazir-Khan/Divine-Duty-Islam-and-Social-Justice#ftnt_ref10 .

Majah, I. (1996). Sunan Ibnu Majah. Dārul Ma’rifah.

Motzki, H. (2004). The Role of Non-Arab Converts in the Development of Early Islamic Law” in The Formation of Islamic Law (W. B. Hallaq, Ed.). Taylor and Francis Group,.

Nawas, J. A. (2005). The contribution of the mawālī to the six Sunnite canonical ḥadīth collections. In Ideas, Images, and Methods of Portrayal. Brill.

Raharusun, A. S., & Kodir, A. A. (2021). Diskursus Etnisitas dalam Studi Hadis: Mawālī, Aktivisme dan Kesalehan . Diroyah, 5(2), 69–80.

Rahman, M. S. (2016). Kajian Matan Dan Sanad Hadits Dalam Metode Historis. Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syir’ah, 8(2), 425–436.

Shiblī, M. M. (1962). al-Madkhal fil taʿrīf bil-fiqh al-islāmī wa qawāʿid al-milkiyya wa al-ʿuqūd fīhi . Dār al-Ta’līf.

Urban, E. (2012). The early Islamic mawālī: A window onto processes of identity construction and social change. In ProQuest Dissertations and Theses.

Urban, E. (2020). Conquered Populations in Early Islam: Non-Arabs, Slaves and the Sons of Slave Mothers. Edinburgh University Press.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Agus Suyadi Raharusun

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Accepted and published papers will be freely accessed in this website and the following abstracting & indexing databases:


Google Scholar


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Gedung Fakultas Ushuluddin Lt. 3
Fakultas Ushuluddin UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung
Jl. AH. Nasution No. 105 Cibiru Bandung Tlp. (022) 7802275
Handphone: +62 812-2190-1125