Rasulullah SAW the Pioneer of Literacy in The Muslim Community of Mecca

Ari Fauzi Rahman(1*)

(1) , Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


After the messenger of Allah (Rasulullah Saw) was sent, the first revelation that was revealed Qs. al-‘Alaq 1-5 which was delivered by Gabriel or Jibril when Rasulullah was sleeping in Cave of Hira. But because of the fear of Rasulullah Saw, come down Qs. al-Muddatsir [74]: 1-2 with the order to wake up and give a warning to the people around you. However, the prophet found some obstacles, namely the condition of the Arabian people of Mecca at that time still adhering to paganism and polytheism as well as the Arab society that was less intellectual, as evidenced by the lack of the Arab Makkah community who could write and read. There were 17 men and 5 women who could write and read at the time. Seeing the condition of the Arabian community of Mecca who was ignorant, the Prophet Muhammad made his preaching secretly by inviting his wife, family, closest friends and servants. Finally the Prophet Muhammad received 38 people embraced Islam, and made Darul Arqam as the center of scientific teachings of Islam for the first time. Darul Arqam is the house of a friend named Arqam ibn Arqam. The efforts of the Prophet to preach the true revelations and the desire to form a literary Arab society finally paid off. After the war, the Prophet Muhammad Saw captured 70 people, the aim of which was to find prisoners who could read and write to teach the Muslim community at that time. After Darul Arqam as the center of teaching of monotheism and accepting people who wished to convert to Islam, the Prophet developed a kuttab that had previously existed but was less interested. Kuttab was used as a place for teaching reading and writing for Muslim communities at that time. Thus there is a difference in the curriculum of the two educational instutions developed by Rasulullah Saw.


Sayyid Quthb, Tafsir Fi Zhilalil Qur’an (Dibawah Naungan Alquran), (Depok : Gema Insani Press, jilid 12), hlm. 301.

Agus Rifai, Perpustakaan Islam (Konsep, Sejarah dan Kontribusinya dalam Membangun Peradaban Islam Masa Klasik), (Jakarta : Rajagrafindo Persada, 2013), hlm. 25.

Moenawar Chalil, Kelengkapan Tarikh Nabi Muhammad SAW, jilid 1, (Jakarta : Gema Insani, 2001), hlm. 24

Ajid Thohir, Sirah Nabawiyah (Nabi Muhammad Saw dalam Kajian Ilmu Sosial-Humaniora), (Bandung : Marja, 2014), hlm. 200

M. Quraish Shihab, Membaca Sirah Nabi Muhammad Saw dalam Sorotan Alquran dan Hadits Shahih, (Jakarta : Lenter Hati, 2011), hlm. 86.

Muhammad al Ghazali, Sejarah Perjalanan Hidup Muhammad, (Yogyakarta : Mitra Pustaka, 2008), hlm. 3.

Muhammad Husein Haekal, Sejarah Hidup Muhammad, (Jakarta : Pustaka Jaya, 1980), hlm. 169. terj Ali Audah.

Fadhil Bahri, Sirah Nawabiyah Ibnu Hisyam, (Jakarta : Darul Falah, 2000)

Wahbah al-Zuhayli, al-Tafsir al-Munir Fi al-Aqidah al-Syar’iyah al-Manhaj, (Beriut : Darul Fikr, tt)

Gusti Irahman Husin, Pemikiran Tentang Sistem dan Kelembagaan Pendidikan Islam di Masa Rasulullah Pada Periode Mekkah dan Periode Madinah, (Jurnal Ilmiah Al Qalam, 2017), Vol. 11, No. 24

Iskandar dan Najmuddin, Pola Pendidikan Islam Pada Periode Rasulullah di Mekkah dan Madinah, (Universitas Almuslim : Lentera, 2013) Vol. 13, No. 3

Ubaidillah, Pengelolaan Lembaga Pendidikan Pada Masa Rasulullah Saw, (IAIN Jember : Al-Ittihad)

Ahmad Syalibi, Sejarah Pendidikan Islam, (Jakarta : Bulan Bintang, 1973)

Mahmud Yunus, Sejarah Pendidikan Islam, (Jakarta : Hidakarya Agung, 1992)

Zakiyah Darajat, Ilmu Pendidikan Islam, (Jakarta : Bulan Bintang, 1996)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15575/diroyah.v4i2.5715


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Diroyah : Jurnal Studi Ilmu Hadis

Accepted and published papers will be freely accessed in this website and the following abstracting & indexing databases:


Google Scholar


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Gedung Fakultas Ushuluddin Lt. 3
Fakultas Ushuluddin UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung
Jl. AH. Nasution No. 105 Cibiru Bandung Tlp. (022) 7802275
Handphone: +62 812-2190-1125
E-mail: diroyah@uinsgd.ac.id