Bacterial Contamination at Whiteleg Shrimp (Litopeanaeus vannamei) in Aquaculture

Mashuri Masri -, Eka Sukmawaty, Fatmawati Nur, Suriani Suriani

Abstract


Indonesia has a very high biodiversity, which has later become one of the natural products of interest to the international community, including fishery products. One of the high-demand Indonesian fishery products is whiteleg shrimp Litopeaneus vannamei. However, safety food Exported whiteleg shrimp products must meet the criteria, including free from bacterial contamination such as Escherichia coli, Salmonella, Vibrio cholera. This study attemptted to analyze E. coli, Salmonella, V. cholerae contamination in 3 ponds in Bojo, Cilellang, and Palanro Village in District Malusetasi, Barru Regency, South Sulawesi. Two samplings for each pond were conducted in the morning were pond water and  fresh whiteleg shrimp. SNI 2728-2018 specifies the quality and safety requirements for fresh shrimp. This standard applies to whole or headless fresh shrimp handled from fresh shrimp and does not apply to fresh shrimp that has undergone further processing. Based on SNI 2728-2018, the E. coli test showed positive in Cilellang Village (sample A) with 11 MPN/g, negative in Palanro Village (sample B) and in Bojo village (sample C) with the value of <2 MPN/g. Escherichia coli test showed positive in sample D (Vannamei shrimp in Cilellang Village) and sample E (Vannamei shrimp in Palanro Village) with 2.0 MPN/g, 17 MPN/g, respectively. Only sample F (Vannamei shrimp in Bojo village ) showed a negative result. As for the Salmonella test, positive results showed in sample A, while sample B and sample C showed negative results. The Vibrio cholerae test showed negative at all samples. . This study concludes that Whiteleg shrimp from ponds in Mallusetasi District is classified as safe for consumption.


Keywords


Pathogenic, bacterial, contamination, litopenaus vanname shrimp, Sulawesi

Full Text:

PDF

References


Armenta-Bojórquez, A. D., Valenzuela-Castañeda, A. R., Fitzsimmons, K., López-Alvarez, E. S., Rodríguez-Quiroz, G., & Valenzuela-Quiñónez, W. (2021). Pacific white shrimp and tomato production using water effluents and salinity-tolerant grafted plants in an integrated aquaponic production system. Journal of Cleaner Production, 278(1),1-12.

Baker-Austin, C., Oliver, J. D., Alam, M., Ali, A., Waldor, M. K., Qadri, F., & Martinez-Urtaza, J. (2018). Vibrio spp. infections. Nature Reviews Disease Primers, 4(1), 1-19.

Cho, S., Jackson, C. R., & Frye, J. G. (2020). The prevalence and antimicrobial resistance phenotypes of Salmonella, Escherichia coli and Enterococcus sp. in surface water. Letters in Applied Microbiology, 71(1), 3–25.

De Brauwere, A., Ouattara, N. K., & Servais, P. (2014). Modeling fecal indicator bacteria concentrations in natural surface waters: A review. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 44(21), 2380–2453.

Devane, M. L., Moriarty, E., Weaver, L., Cookson, A., & Gilpin, B. (2020). Fecal indicator bacteria from environmental sources; strategies for identification to improve water quality monitoring. Water Research, 185, 116204, 1-23.

Done, H. Y., Venkatesan, A. K., & Halden, R. U. (2015). Does the Recent Growth of Aquaculture Create Antibiotic Resistance Threats Different from those Associated with Land Animal Production in Agriculture? AAPS Journal, 17(3), 513–524. https://doi.org/10.1208/s12248-015-9722-z

Frick, C., Vierheilig, J., Nadiotis-Tsaka, T., Ixenmaier, S., Linke, R., Reischer, G. H., Komma, J., Kirschner, A. K. T., Mach, R. L., Savio, D., Seidl, D., Blaschke, A. P., Sommer, R., Derx, J., & Farnleitner, A. H. (2020). Elucidating fecal pollution patterns in alluvial water resources by linking standard fecal indicator bacteria to river connectivity and genetic microbial source tracking. Water Research, 184(20), 116132, 1-40.

Haddadin, R. N., Alsous, M., Wazaify, M., & Tahaineh, L. (2019). Evaluation of antibiotic dispensing practice in community pharmacies in Jordan: A cross sectional study. PLoS ONE, 14(4), 1–15.

Hamilton, K. A., Chen, A., de-Graft Johnson, E., Gitter, A., Kozak, S., Niquice, C., Zimmer-Faust, A. G., Weir, M. H., Mitchell, J., & Gurian, P. L. (2018). Salmonella risks due to consumption of aquaculture-produced shrimp. Microbial Risk Analysis, 9(17), 22–32.

Helmi, A. M., Mukti, A. T., Soegianto, A., & Effendi, M. H. (2020). A review of vibriosis in fisheries: Public health importance. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 11(8), 51–58.

Indonesia, S. N. (2018). Indonesia 01-2728.3-2006 Udang segar - Bagian 3 Penanganan dan pengolahan. 2018–2020. http://sispk.bsn.go.id/SNI/DetailSNI/12069

Knipe, H., Temperton, B., Lange, A., Bass, D., & Tyler, C. R. (2021). Probiotics and competitive exclusion of pathogens in shrimp aquaculture. Reviews in Aquaculture, 13(1), 324–352.

Lulijwa, R., Rupia, E. J., & Alfaro, A. C. (2020). Antibiotic use in aquaculture, policies and regulation, health and environmental risks: a review of the top 15 major producers. Reviews in Aquaculture, 12(2), 640–663.

Martín-Díaz, J., Lucena, F., Blanch, A. R., & Jofre, J. (2020). Review: Indicator bacteriophages in sludge, biosolids, sediments and soils. Environmental Research, 182(December 2019), 109133, 1-7.

Mathew, S., Raman, M., Parameswaran, M. K., & Rajan, D. P. (2019). Fish and fishery products analysis: A theoretical and practical perspective. In Fish and Fishery Products Analysis: A Theoretical and Practical Perspective. Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

Mutiara, A., Azhari, R., Apriliani, I. M., & Syarifuddin, M. (2019). Vibrio cholerae Test on Fishery Products at Cirebon Test and Application of Fishery Products Technical Unit Agency , West Java , Indonesia. World Scientific News, 119(January), 192–203.

Nair, D. V. T., Venkitanarayanan, K., & Johny, A. K. (2018). Antibiotic-resistant Salmonella in the food supply and the potential role of antibiotic alternatives for control. Foods, 7(10), 1-24. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods7100167

Panghal, A., Chhikara, N., Sindhu, N., & Jaglan, S. (2018). Role of Food Safety Management Systems in safe food production: A review. Journal of Food Safety, 38(4), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1111/jfs.12464

Pramoda, Radityo dan Maharani Putri, H. (2017). Penerapan Sertifikasi Aquaculture Stewardship Council(Asc) Terhadap Produk Udang Budidaya (Studi Kasus: Tarakan - Kalimantan Utara). Jurnal Borneo Administrator, 13(2), 89–109.

Rahman, M. M., Giedraitis, V. R., Lieberman, L. S., Akhtar, M. T., & Taminskienė, V. (2013). Shrimp Cultivation with Water Salinity in Bangladesh: The Implications of an Ecological Model. Universal Journal of Public Health, 1(3), 131–142.

Standard of Procedure. (2018). The Makassar Fishery Product Quality Testing and Development Center (Balai Pembinaan dan Pengujian Mutu Hasil Perikanan (BPPMPH)) Makassar.

Sohel, M. S. I., & Ullah, M. H. (2012). Ecohydrology: A framework for overcoming the environmental impacts of shrimp aquaculture on the coastal zone of Bangladesh. Ocean and Coastal Management, 63, 67–78.

Stocker, M. D., Penrose, M., & Pachepsky, Y. A. (2018). Spatial Patterns of Escherichia coli Concentrations in Sediment before and after High‐Flow Events in a First‐Order Creek . Journal of Environmental Quality, 47(5), 958–966.

Sumampouw, O. J., & Risjani, Y. (2014). Bacteria as Indicators of Environmental Pollution: Review. International Journal of Ecosystem, 4(6), 251–258. https://doi.org/10.5923/j.ije.20140406.03

sutiknowati, L. I. (2014). Mikrobiologi Seawater Quality For Shrimp Mariculture Based On Microbiology Parameters. Jurnal Ilmu Dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, 6(1), 157–170. http://www.itk.fpik.ipb.ac.id/ej_itkt61/jurnal/14_298_NN

Thornber, K., Verner-Jeffreys, D., Hinchliffe, S., Rahman, M. M., Bass, D., & Tyler, C. R. (2020). Evaluating antimicrobial resistance in the global shrimp industry. Reviews in Aquaculture, 12(2), 966–986.

Wen, X., Chen, F., Lin, Y., Zhu, H., Yuan, F., Kuang, D., Jia, Z., & Yuan, Z. (2020). Microbial indicators and their use for monitoring drinkingwater quality-A review. Sustainability (Switzerland), 12(6), 1–14.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15575/biodjati.v6i1.11812

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Indexing By :

      

      

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

 

View My Stats