Nocturnal Coleoptera and Hemiptera Diversity at Giam Siak Kecil Bukit Batu Biosphere Reserve Indonesia

Hasni Ruslan, Imran S. L. Tobing

Abstract


Giam Siak Kecil Bukit Batu is a biosphere reserve which one of its functions is as a habitat for wildlife. However, biodiversity data in the Giam Siak Kecil Bukit Batu Biosphere Reserve (GSKBB-BR) is still very minimal, including insects (Coleoptera and Hemiptera). This research was conducted to determine the diversity of Coleoptera and Hemiptera in the GSKBB Biosphere Reserve, Riau, Indonesia. The research was carried out using an exploratory method using "lights trap". The results of the study found 30 species, from 11 families of the order Coleoptera (23 species) and Hemiptera (7 species) in the GSKBB-BR. The diversity index of Coleoptera and Hemiptera at the observation site was moderate (H = 2.73), with a high evenness index (0.80). Scarabaeidae (order Coleoptera) is the family with the highest number of species found (8 species), while the most abundant species were Tibicen linnei and Pomponia fusca (Cicadidae/Hemiptera). Based on their functional roles, Coleoptera and Hemiptera with the highest number are herbivores (17 species), followed by predators (7 species) and decomposers (3 species). The range of values for temperature and humidity at the research site are in normal conditions. The GSKBB-BR area is an important remaining habitat for wildlife in Riau, including various types of insects (Coleoptera and Hemiptera); whose potential still needs to be revealed, and must be managed properly.

Keywords


biodiversity, Coleoptera, Giam Siak, Hemiptera, Riau

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anonym. (2017). Sejauh Apa Kita Mengenal Cicada (Tonggeret) di Indonesia?. Departemen Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan, Universitas Gajah Mada. Retrieved from . https://hpt.faperta.ugm.ac.id/sejauh-apa-kita-mengenal-cicada-tonggeret-di-indonesia/

Apigian K. O, Dahlsten D. L. & Stephens, S. L. (2006). Biodiersity of Coleoptera and the Importance of Habitat Structural Features in a Sierra Nevada Mixed-Conifer Forest. Environ. Entomol. 35 (4) : 964-975.

Azima, S. E., Syahribulan, S, S. & Santosa S. (2017). Analisis Keragaman Jenis Serangga Predator pada Tanaman Padi di Areal Persawahan Kelurahan Tamalanrea Kota Makassar (Analysis of Biodiversity of Predator Insect in Paddy Field at Tamalanrea of Makassar City). Bioma: Jurnal Biologi Makasar, 2(2), 12-18.

Corby, J.J., Froehlich, C.G., Trivinho-Strixino, S. & Dos Santos, A., (2011), Evaluating the Sse of Predatory Insects as Bioindicators of Metals Contamination Due to Sugarcane Cultivation in Neotropical Streams. Environ Monit Assess, 177, 545–554.

de Farlas, P. M. & Hernandez, M. I. M. (2016). Dung Bettles Associated with Agroecosystems of Southern Brazil : Relationship with Soil Properties. Rev Bras Cienc Solo. 41, 1-13.

Magurran, A. E. (2004). Measuring Biological Diversity. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.

Hamid, H. (2012). Struktur Komunitas Serangga Herbivora dan Parasitoid pada Polong Tanaman Kacang-kacangan (Fabaceae) di Padang. Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia, 9 (2), 88-94.

Imaculata, M. M. (2021). Karakteristik Morfologi Detrivor pada Sampah organik di Kelurahan Tarus Kecamatan Kupang Tengah Kabupaten Kupang. Media Sains, 21(1), 42-55.

Jumar. 2000. Entomologi Pertanian. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta

Kasmiatun, Nazzareta, R. & Buchori, D. (2020). Keanekaragaman dan Komposisi Kumbang Elaterid (Coleoptera: Elateridae) di Kawasan Hutan Hujan Tropis Taman Nasional Bukit Duabelas dan Hutan Harapan, Jambi. Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia, 17(1), 33-44.

LIPI. (2009). Indonesia Lahirkan Cagar Biosfer Baru di Giam Siak Kecil-Bukit Batu, Riau. Retrieved from http://lipi.go.id/siaranpress/indonesia-lahirkan-cagar-biosfer-baru-di-giam-siak-kecil-bukit-batu-riau/13353.

Mata, L. (2013). Heteroptera Ecology, Biodiversity and Conservation. Disertasi. Universitat de Barcelona.

Dasar-dasar Ekologi. Terjemahan Tjahjono Samingan, 3th Edition. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press

Parikh G, Rawtani D, & Khatri N. 2021. Insects as an Indicator for Environmental Pollution. Environmental Claims Journal, 33(2), 161-181.

Rahayu. G. A., Buchori, D., Hindayana, D. & Rizali, A (2017). Keanekaragaman dan Peran Fungsional Serangga Ordo Coleoptera di Area Reklamasi Pascatambang Batubara di Berau, Kalimantan Timur. Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia, 14(2), 97-106.

Raup, M. R., Wood,F. E., Davidsion, J. A. & Hellmans, J. L. (2004). Periodical Cicadas. Revised: Menninger, H. & Frank,S. (2004). USA: Dept. of Biology & Entomology, University of Maryland University of Maryland

Riyanto. (2016). Keanekaragaman dan Kelimpahan Serangga Ordo Coleoptera di Tepian Sungai Musi Kota Palembang sebagai Sumbangan Materi pada Mata Kuliah Entomologi di Pendidikan Biologi FKIP Universitas Sriwijaya. Jurnal Pembelajaran Biologi, 3(1), 88-100.

Speight, M. R., Hunter, M. D. & Watt, A. D. (2008). Ecology of Insects: Concepts and Applications, 2nd ed. Willey-Blackwell

Sumarmiyati, Handayani, F. & Sundari. (2019). Keragaman Serangga pada Pertanaman Padi Sawah di Kabupaten Kutai Kartanegara, Kalimantan Timur. Pros Sem Nas Masy Biodiv Indon, 5 (2), 217-221.

Sundari T. (2018). Keanekaragaman Jenis Ordo Coleoptera pada Pertanaman Sayuran di Kecamatan Jambi Selatan Kota Jambi. Artikel. Jambi: Prodi Biologi, Universitas Jambi

Yue, J., Yan, Z., Bai, C., Chen, Z., Lin, W. & Jiao F. (2015). Pollination Activity of Elaeidobius Kamerunicus (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea) on Oil Palm on Hainan Island. Florida Entomologist, 98(2), 499-505.

Taradipha, M. R. R. (2019). Karakteristik Lingkungan terhadap Komunitas Serangga. Jurnal Pengolahan Sumber daya Alam dan Lingkungan, 9(2), 394-404.

Triplehorn, C. A. & Johnson, N. F. (2005). Borror and DeLong's Introduction to Study of Insect 7th edition. US: Cengange Learning, Stanford.

Yousefi, M,. Shakrine, A., Rafie, M., Aziz, S. A., Azrad, A. & Razak, A. A. (2020). Introduction of Current Pollination Techniques And Factors Affecting Pollination Effectiveness By Elaeidobius Kamerunicus in Oil Palm Plantations on Regional and Global Scale: a Review. South African Journal of Botany, 132, 171-179.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15575/biodjati.v6i2.14102

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Biodjati



Indexing By :

      

      

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

 

View My Stats