Fish Community Structure in The Coastal Mangrove Ecosystem of Cemara Kulon Village Indramayu Regency, Indonesia

Titin Herawati(1*), Muhamad Pauwwaz(2), Zahidah Zahidah(3), Izza Mahdiana Apriliani(4), Ayi Yustiati(5)

(1) -Master Program of Marine Conservation Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran - Department Fisheries, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia
(2) Master Program of Marine Conservation Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia
(3) Master Program of Marine Conservation Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia
(4) Master Program of Marine Conservation Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran,  
(5) Master Program of Marine Conservation Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author



The mangrove ecosystem of Cemara Kulon Village has the potential for fishery resources which has decreased in line with various anthropogenic activities. This study aims to determine the composition of fish and analyze the status of the fish community structure and its relation to the physical-chemical aspects of the waters in the mangrove ecosystem of Cemara Kulon Village. This research was conducted over a period of three months  in the mangrove ecosystem of Cemara Kulon Village. The method used in this research was  descriptive quantitative purposive and composite sampling at 3 research stations. Parameters observed in this study were relative abundance, diversity, uniformity, dominance, and the relationship between community structure and aquatic physico-chemical parameters. During the study, 508 fish were caught, consisting of 20 species from 16 families. The value of diversity was in the moderate category with a ranged of 1.87-2.50; the uniformity value was in the moderate category with a ranged of 0.41-0.46 and the dominance value was in the low category with a ranged of 0.11-0.22.   Based on the results of the Canonical Correspondence Analysis (CCA) revealed that fish diversity was affected by light transparency and DO, the uniformity of fish was  affected by temperature, and the dominance of fish was affected by ammonia. The fish community structure was categorized as unstable which was influenced by water quality.


analysis, canonical correspondence, diversity, uniformity

Full Text:



Adiguna, I.G.B., Restu, I.W., & Ekawaty,R. (2018). Fish Community Structure at the Badung River Estuary in the Ngurah Rai Grand Forest Park (Tahura) Mangrove Area, Bali. Current Trends in Aquatic Science. 1(1), DOI:10.24843/CTAS.2018.v01.i01.p10

Allen, D. J. (2011). Terapon theraps. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T187935A8639142. Retriefed from Doi: 10.2305/IUCN.UK.20111.RLTS.T187935A 8639142.en.

Allen et al. (2021). Boleophthalmus boddarti. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021. Retriefed from DOI: 10.2305/IUCN.UK.20212.RLTS.T166990A 46644375.en.

Asriyana, A., Rahardjo, M.F., Sukimin, S., Batu, D.F.L., & Kartamihardja, E.S. (2009). Fish Diversity in Kendari Bay Waters, Southeast Sulawesi. Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia. 9(2),97–112. DOI:

Azis, A., Nurgoyah, W. & Salwiyah. (2020). The Relationship between Water Quality and Phytoplankton Abundance in Koeono Waters, South Palangga District, South Konawe Regency. Sapa Laut. 5(3),221-234. DOI: 10.33772/jsl.v5i3.13452

Basmi, H. (2000). Plankton as an indicator of water quality. Bogor: Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, IPB.

Boyd, C. E. & Tucker, C. S. (1998). Pond Aquaculture Water Quality Management. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. ISBN: 978-1-4615-5407-3

Camara, K.D. (2019). Mugil cephalus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019: e.T135567A127923853. Retriefed from DOI:10.2305/IUCN.UK.20192. RLTS.T135567A127923853.en.

Collette, B. B. (2010). Remora brachyptera. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T155068A4721000. Retriefed from DOI:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-4.RLTS.T15506 8A4721000.en

Collette, B. B. (2015). Tylosurus crocodilus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T183274A15602960. Retriefed from DOI: 10.2305/IUCN.UK.20154.RLTS. T183274A15602960.en.

Dhahiyat, Y., Sinuhaji, D., & Hamdani, H. (2003). Coral Fish Community in the Pari Island Coral Transplantation Area, Seribu Islands. Jurnal Ikhtiologi Indonesia. 3(2),87–94. DOI:/10.32491/jii.v3i2.263

Descasari, R., Setyobudiandi, I., & Affandi, R. (2016). The Relationship between Mangrove Ecosystems and Fish Diversity in Pabean Ilir and Pagirikan, Indramayu Regency, West Java. Bonorowo Wetlands. 6(1),43–58. DOI:10.13057/bonorowo/w060104

Effendie, M. I. (1997). Fisheries Biology. Yayasan Pustaka Nusatantara. Bogor ISBN: 979 8948 23 8

Froese, R., Walters, C., Pauly, D., Winker, H., Olaf L. F., Weyl, Demirel, N., Tsikliras, A.C., & Holt, S.J. (2016). A Critique of the Balanced Harvesting Approach to Fishing. ICES Journal of Marine Science. 73(6),1640–50. DOI::

Gunarto. (2004). Mangrove Conservation as a Supporter of Coastal Fisheries Biological Resources. Jurnal Litbang Pertanian. 23(1),15–21.

Hammer et al. (2001). PAST: Paleontological Statistics Software Package For Education and Data Analysis. Current Science 4(1).

Harahab, N. (2009). The Influence of Mangrove Forest Ecosystems on Capture Fisheries Production (Case Study in Pasuruan Regency, East Java). Jurnal Perikanan Universitas Gadjah Mada. 11(1),100–106. http://doi:10.22146/jfs.2989

Herawati, T., Sidik. R.A., Sahidin, A., & Herawati, H. (2020). Fish Community Structure in the Lower Cimanuk River, West Java Province during the Rainy Season. Jurnal Perikanan. 22(2), 113-122. DOI:

Herawati, T., Adiwiguna, I., Yustiati, A., Rostini, I., Setyobudi2, R.H., Juahir, H & Sahidin, A. (2021). Rainy Season’s Fish Diversity Upstream and Downstream Jatigede Reservoir of Cimanuk River, West Java, Indonesia. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture. 37(1), 24–34. DOI: 10.17582/journal.sja/2021/37.s1.25.34

Herlan. (2015). Size Distribution of Gulama Fish (Johnius trachycephalus) Catched by Mini Trawls in the Estuary of Banyuasin Regency, South Sumatra”. ISBN: 978-602-72754-5-0.

Hutchison, J., Spalding, M., & Ermgassen, P. (2014). The Role of Mangroves in Fisheries Enhancement. University of Cambridge. Retriefed from

Kadarsah, A., Turrahmag, M., & Gafur, A. (2020). Diversity of Fish Types from the Mangrove Ecosystem in Pagatan Besar Village, Tanah Laut Regency, South Kalimantan Province. Teknosains: Media Informasi Sains dan Teknologi. 14(1), 80–88. DOI:

Kartamihardja, E. S. (2008). Changes in Fish Community Composition and Important Factors That Influence During the Forty Years of the Life of the Reservoir Ir. H. Juanda. Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia. 8(2), 67–78.

Kartamihardja, E., Purnomo, K., & Umar, C. (2017). Mainland Aquatic Fish Resources in Indonesia - Neglected. Jurnal Kebijakan Perikanan Indonesia. 1(1),1. DOI:10.15578/jkpi.1.1.2009.1-15

Kaymaram et al. (2015). Arius maculatus (Persian Gulf assessment). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T196796A56996099.

Kawaroe, M. (2001). Contribution of the Mangrove Ecosystem to Fish Community Structure on the North Coast of Subang Regency, West Java. Jurnal Pesisir dan Lautan. 3(3), 12–25. ien%20%2814%20hal%29.pdf

Kottelat, Maurice & Whitten, A.J. (1993). Freshwater Fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Periplus Edition Hong Kong. ISBN: 0945971605

Larson, H. (2019a). Trypauchen vagina. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019: e.T166935A1154326.

Larson, H. (2019b). Butis amboinensis . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019:e.T196313A174796892. Retriefed from DOI:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2012.RLTS.T196313A174796892.en

Larson, H. (2021). Prionobutis microps. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T161063461A161063503. Retriefed from DOI:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2021-1.RLTS. T161063461A161063503.en

Latuconsina & Lestaluhu. (2020). Reproduction of Baronang Fish (Siganus canaliculatus Park, 1797) in the waters of Buntal Island, Kotania Bay, West Seram – Maluku. Jurnal Agribisnis. 13(2), 470–78.

Longhurst & Pauly. (1987). Ecology of Tropical Oceans. ISBN: 0124555624. auly/PDF/1987/Books+and+Chapters/EcologyOfTropicalOceans.pdf

Mallela, J., Roberts, C., & Goldspink C.R. et al. (2007). Distributional Patterns and Community Structure of Caribbean Coral Reef Fishes Within a River-Impacted Bay. Journal of Fish Biology. 70, 523–537. DOI:10.1111/j.1095-8649.2007.01323

Mandolang, M., Kusen, J.D., Warouw, V., Pauus, J.H., & Rember, U.N. (2021). Community Structure of Target Fish in the Coral Reef Ecosystem in the Traditional Zone of Bunaken Island, Bunaken National Park. Jurnal Pesisir dan Laut Tropis. 9(3), 104. http://doi:10.35800/jplt.9.3.2021.36713

Martuti & Irsadi. (2014). The Role of Mangroves as Biofilters for Water Pollution in the Tambak Bandeng Tapak Area, Semarang. Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan. 21(2), 188–94. DOI:10.22146/jml.18543

Maturbongs, M.R., Elviana, S., Rano, C., & Burhanuddin, A.I. (2019). The Relationship between Physical-Chemical Water Parameters and the Abundance of Demersal Fish Types in the Maro River at Different Moon Phases in the Transition Season I. Jurnal Agribisnis Perikanan. 12(1), 162-173. .DOI:10.29239/j.agrikan.12.1.162-173

Michael, P. (1994). Ecological Methods for Field and Laboratory Investigations. Universitas Indonesia Press. Jakarta. ISBN 9794561304

Munroe, T. A. (2018). Stolephorus commersonnii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018. Retriefed from A143836308.en.

Munroe T.A., Nair, R. & Weerts, S.P.. (2020). Cynoglossus lingua. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020. Retriefed from UK.20201.RLTS.T166904A1150136.en

Nolan et al. (2019). Fish Community Structure in the Mangrove Ecosystem in Basule Village,

Lasolo District, North Konawe Regency. Jurnal Biologi Tropis. 19(2), 282. http://doi:10.29303/jbt.v19i2.1090

Nurudin, F.A., Martuti, N.K., & Irsadi, A.(2013). Diversity of Fish Types in the Sekonyer River, Tanjung Puting National Park, Central Kalimantan. Unnes Journal of Life Science. 2 (2), 118–25.

Odum, E. P. (1993). Basics of Ecology. Gadjah Mada University Press. Yogyakarta.

Odum, E. P. (1994). Basics of Ecology. Terjemahan Tjahjono Samingan. Gadjah Mada University Press. Yogyakarta.

Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 22. 2021. Concerning the Implementation of Environmental Protection and Management. Jakarta. Retriefed from /Home/Details/161852/pp-no-22-tahun-2021

Putra, I.K.A., Ramadhan,A., & Masrianih (2018). The Influence of Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water on the Abundance of Fish in the Lambagu River and Their Use as a Learning Media. Journal of Biology Science and Education (JBSE). 6(2), 327–33. DOI:10.22487/jbse.v6i2.1055

Rejeki, S. (2013). Composition and Abundance of Fish in the Mangrove Ecosystem in Kedungmalang, Jepara. Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan. 18(1), 54–60. DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.18.1.54-60

Rejeki, Sri., Irwani & Hisyam, F.S. (2013). Fish Community Structure in the Mangrove Ecosystem in Bedono Village, Sayung, Demak. Buletin Oseanografi Marina. 2(4), 78–86.

Ridho, M. R.,Patriono, E.,& Haryani, R. (2019). Diversity of Fish Types in Lebak Jungkal Waters, Pampangan District, Ogan Komering Ilir Regency in the Rainy and Dry Seasons. Jurnal Biosfera. 36(1), 41–50. DOI:.20884/1.mib.2019.36.1.958

Russell, B., W.F. Smith-Vaniz, A. Lawrence, K.E. Carpenter and R. Myers. (2016). Lutjanus fulvus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T194377A2325959. Retriefed from DOI: 2325959.en.

Samoilys, M. (2018). Epinephelus tauvina. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018.

Retriefed from DOI:10.2305/IUCN.UK.20182.RLTS.T132758A100559522.en.

Saputra, S. W. Rudiyanti, S & Mahardhin, A. (2008). Evaluation of the Level of Exploitation of Gulamah Fish (Johnius sp.) Resources Based on TPI PPS Cilacap Data. Jurnal Saintek Perikanan. 4(1), 56–61. DOI:

Sasaki, K. (1995). A Review of the Indo-West Pacific Sciaenid Genus Panna (Teleostei, Perciformes). Japan J. Ichthyol. 42(1), 27–37. article/jji1950/42/1/42_1_27/_pdf

Seah, Y.G., Chao, n.L., Hanafi, N. & Larson, H. (2020). Johnius trachycephalus (errata version published in 2021). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020:e.T49182073A196842484. Retriefed from DOI: 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-1.RLTS.T49182073A49232799.en

Setiawan, H., Mursidin, M., Purbarani, D. & Wulandari, T.A. (2019). Fish Diversity in the Mangrove Ecosystem Waters of Karangsong Village, Indramayu Regency. Prosiding Simposium Nasional Kelautan dan Perikanan VI : Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Perairan untuk Pembangunan Berkelanjutan. UNHAS Makassar, 21 Juni 2019. Hlm 137–46.

Siagian, C. (2009). Diversity and Abundance of Fish and Their Relationship with Water Quality in Lake Toba Balige, Main Sumatra. Thesis. Medan: Sekolah Pascasarjana, Universitas Sumatera Utara.

Siagian et al. (2017). Population Structure of Gulamah Fish (Johnius trachycephalus) in the Barumun River, Labuhan Batu Regency, North Sumatra. Jurnal Biosains. 3(2), 59. DOI:10.24114/jbio.v3i2.7433

Simanjuntak & Raharjo. (2001). Food Habits of Tetet Fish (Johnius belangerii) in the Mangrove Waters of Mayangan Beach, West Java. Iktiologi Indonesia. 1(2), 11–17. DOI:10.32491/jii.v1i2.187

Simanjuntak & Sulistiono. (2022). Feeding Habits and Reproduction of Lundu Fish (Macrones gulio) in Majakerta Waters, Indramayu, West Java, Indonesia. Journal Biospecies. 15(1), 56-63.

Sjafei, D., Affandi, R., & Fauziah, R. (2004). Study of the Diet of Lundu Fish (Arius maculatus Thunberg, 1792) on Mayangan Beach, West Java. Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia. 4(1), 15–23. DOI:10.32491/jii.v4i1.254

Sumarto & Koneri. (2016). Animal Ecology. Patra Media Grafindo. Bandung. ISBN 978-602-60134-2-2

Suparjo, M. N. (2009). Conditions of Water Pollution in the Babon River, Semarang. Jurnal Saintek Perikanan. 4(2), 38–45. ARANG

Taha, R. Y. (2004). Mangrove Forest Zoning in Cemara Village, Losarang District, Indramayu Regency. Thesis. Bogor: Sekolah Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Talwar & Jhingran. (1991). Inland Fishes of India and Adjacent Countries. Oxford-IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi. ISBN: 9061911621

Tampubolon, P.A.R.P., Ernawati, Y. Ernawati, Y. & Rahardjo, M.F. (2018). Diversity of Ictiofauna at the Cimanuk River Estuary, Indramayu, West Java. Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Hayati. 17(1), 39–48. DOI:10.14203/beritabiologi.v17i1.1331

Ter Braak, C.J.F., Verdonschot, P.F.M. (1995). Canonical Correspondence Analysis and Related Multivariate Methods in Aquatic Ecology. Aquatic Sciences. 57(3), 255–89. DOI:10.1007/BF00877430

Thantun Raghavan, R., Chao, L., Akhilesh, K.V., and Mohanraj, G., Johnius dussumieri. (2020). Johnius dussumieri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020. Retriefed from

Wahyuni & Zakaria. (2018). Fish Diversity in the Luk Ulo River, Kebumen Regency. Biosfera. 35(1), 23. DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2018.35.1.592

Wizurai P., Redjeki, S and Hartati, S.T (2012). Study of the Abundance of Juvenile Fish in the Seagrass Ecosystem in Karimunjawa Waters, Jepara Regency. Diponegoro Journal of Marine Research. 1(2), 27–34.DOI:10.14710/jmr.v1i2.2014

Zhang, J., Ni, Wanmin. M., & Pan, Y.D. (2012). Effects of Different Nitrogen Species on Sensitivity and Photosynthetic of Three Common Freshwater Diatoms. Aquatic Ecology. 47,25-35. DOI:10.1007/s10452-012-9422-z



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Biodjati

License URL:

Indexing By :



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


View My Stats