Anatomical Structure of Sepal and Petal of Red Dragon Fruit (Hylocereus polyrhizus Britton & Rose) During Flower Development

Utaminingsih Utaminingsih, Sulhan Etfanti, Suharyanto Suharyanto, Maryani Maryani

Abstract


Red dragon fruit (Hylocereus polyrhizus Britton & Rose) is one type of cactus plant which is very potential as an ornamental plant and edible fruit. Flower is organ that play an important role in the process of breeding plants generatively. This reasearch aimed to study the anatomical structure of sepals and petals of red dragon fruit plants during flower development. The research stages included: sepals and petals sampling that held at various stages of flowering ; morphological observation (measurement length of sepals and petals); anatomical slides of sepals and petals cross section using the embedding method, anatomical observation and image capture of sepals and petals. The parameters observed were bud size, sepal length, petal length, sepal thickness, petal thickness, and tissue description composed. The results of this study indicated that buds have an increased development pattern. The increase in bud size is directly proportional to the stage of the bud. Sepal and petal are composed of epidermal tissue which form papillae, cryptophore stomata, secretory parenchyma space containing mucus, and tissues transport system is closed collateral.


Keywords


flower development, Hylocereus polyrhizus, paraffin method, petal, sepal

Full Text:

PDF

References


Almeida, O.J.G., Sartori-Paoli, A.A. & Souza, L.A. (2010). Flower morpho-anatomy in Epiphyllum phyllanthus (Cactaceae). Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 81: 65- 80.

Davies, P.J. (2010). Plant Hormones: Biosynthesis, Signal Transduction, Action. London: Springer Science and Business Media.

Deswiniyanti, N. W., Astarini, I.A. & Puspawati, N. M. (2012). Studi Fenologi Perbungaan Lilium longiflorum Thunb. Jurnal Metamorfosa, 1, 6-10.

Dickison, W. C. (2000). Integrative Plant Anatomy. United State of America: Elsevier.

Fahn, A. (1991). Anatomi Tumbuhan. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Faostat. (2018). Produksi buah tropis di Indonesia. Retrived from http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QC.

Gunasena, H. P. M., Pushpakumara, D. K. N. G. & Kariyawasam, M. (2006). Dragon Fruit - Hylocereus undatus (Haw) Briton and Rose: Field manual for extention workers. Sri Lanka: Sri Lanka Council for Agricultural Policy.

Hidayat, E. B. (1995). Anatomi Tumbuhan Biji. Bandung: Penerbit ITB Bandung.

Jatnika, A. (2010). Menguak Manfaat Buah Naga. Balai Besar Pelatihan Pertanian Lembang diakses pada 2 Juni 2016 http://www.bbpp-lembang.info/index.php/arsip/artikel/artikel-pertanian/506-menguak-manfaat-buah-naga.

Johansen, D. A. (1940). Plant Microtechnique. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co.

Lambers, H., Chapin, F. S. & Pons, T. L. (1998). Plant Physiological Ecology. New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.

Lim, T .K. (2012). Hylocereus polyrhizus. Edible Medicinal and Non-Medicinal Plants 1: 643-649.

Metcalfe, C.R. & Chalk L. (1957). Anatomy of Dicotyledons. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Nugroho, L. H., Purnomo, & Sumardi, I. (2012). Struktur dan Perkembangan Tumbuhan. Jakarta: Penebar Swadaya.

Papini, A., Mosti, A. & Doorn, W. G. V. (2014). Classical macroautophagy in Lobivia rauschii (Cactaceae) and possible plastidial autophagy in Tillandsia albida (Bromeliaceae) tapetum cells. Protoplasma 251: 719-725.

Pierik, R. L. M. (1997). In Vitro Culture of Higher Plant. London: Springer Science+Business Media.

Reddy, S. M., Rao, M. M., Reddy, A. S., Reddy, M. M. & Chary, S. J. (2004). University Botany-3. New Delhi: New Age International Ltd.

Ruzin, S. E. (1999). Plant Microtechnique and Microscopy. Oxford: University Press, Inc.

Soni, N. K. & Soni, V. (2010). Fundamentals of Botany Vol.2. New York: Tata McGraw Hill Education Private Limited.

Srivastava, L. M. (2002). Plant Growth and Development : Hormones and Environment. USA: Academic Press.

Strittmatter, L. I., Negron-Ortiz, V. & Hickey, R. J. (2002). Subdioecy In Consolea spinosissima (Cactaceae): Breeding System and Embryological Studies. American Journal of Botany 89(9) : 1373-1387.

Tiagi, Y. D. (1954). Studies in the Floral Morphology of Opuntia dillenii Haworth. Botaniska Notiser. Hafte 4 Lund.

Umayah, E. U. & Amrun, M. H. (2007). Uji Aktivitas Antioksidan Ekstrak Buah Naga (Hylocereus undatus (Haw.) Britt. & Rose). Jurnal Ilmu Dasar 8(1): 83-90.

Wang, X. X., Liu,Y. & Liu, M. (2007). Microsporogenesis and development of male gamete in Hylocereus undatus. Journal of Fruit Science 04: 541-544.

Weiss, J., Nerd, A. & Mizrahi, Y. (1994). Flowering Behaviour and Pollination Requirements in Climbing Cacti with Fruit Crop Potential. HortScience 29(12) : 1487-1492.

Willey, N. (2016). Environmental Plant Physiology. United Kingdom: Garland Science, Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15575/biodjati.v4i2.4581

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Indexing By :

      

      

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

 

View My Stats