The Diversity and Diameter Growth Rate of Sprouting-Type Tree in Bukit Pinang-Pinang Forest Permanent Plots

Ade Ayu Oksari, Irvan Fadli Wanda, Erizal Mukhtar, Chairul Chairul

Abstract


The process of forest regeneration can take place within a certain period of time. Sprouting is a form of strategy for in adapting to its environment for success in regenerating. The Research on  the diversity and diameter growth rate of sprouting-type tree in Bukit Pinang-pinang forest permanent plots, West Sumatra was carried out from October 2012 to December 2016 in the forest of Bukit Pinang-Pinang, West Sumatra and Herbarium Department of Biology, Universitas Andalas, Padang. This research was conducted using a survey method by census. The parameters analyzed were plant species composition, Morishita Index, Mann-Whitney test, Regression and Correlation test as well as RDGR (Relative Diameter of Growth Rate). The result of experiment was found 40 species of trees sprouting type in forest permanent plot Bukit Pinang-Pinang. The pattern of sprouting type trees distribution in the study locations was found to have a clustered, random and uniform pattern. Relative Diameter Growth Rate (RDGR) of 40 sprouting types of trees in the Bukit Pinang-Pinang forest permanent plots ranged from 0.003 cm/cm/year to 0.0288 cm/cm/year. Altitude did not affect  RDGR of an individual tree sprouting type for 31 years


Keywords


Bukit Pinang-pinang Forest, RDGR, Sprouting-type diversity,

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ashish, P., Latif, K.M. & Kumar, D.A. (2010). Effect of stump girth and height on resprouting of Rhododendron arboreum following disturbance in temperate mixed broad leaved forest of Arunachal Pradesh, India. Journal of Forestry Research. 21(4): 433−438.

Balvanera, P., Pfisterer, A.B., Buchmann, N., He, J.S., Nakashizuka,T. & Raffaelli, D. (2006). Quantifying the evidence for bio-diversity effects on ecosystem functioning and services.Ecol.Lett., 9, 1146–1156.

Bellingham, P.J. & Sparrow, A.D. (2009). Multi-stemmed trees in montane rain forests: their frequency and demography in relation to elevation, soil nutrients and disturbance. Journal of Ecology. 97: 472-483.

Bond, W.J. (1994). Do mutualisms matter? Assessing the impact of pollinator/disperser disruption on plant extinctions. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London Ser. B 344: 83–90.

Bond, J. & Midgley, J. J. (2001). Ecology of sprouting in woody plants: the persistence niche. Trends In Ecology & Evolution, 16(1): 45-51.

Brower, J. E. & Zar, J. H. (1977). Field and laboratory methods for general ecology. WMC Brown Company Publishers, Dubuque, Iowa, pp: 121-124.

Delmy, A. (1998). Fire resistance of tree species in Bukit Soeharto education forest, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Rehabilitation of degraded tropical forest ecosystems. Workshop proceedings. Bogor.

Gillman, L. N. & Wright, S. D. (2006). The influence of productivity on the species richness of plants: a critical assessment. Ecology, 87: 1234–1243.

Giudici, F. & Zingg, A. (2005). Sprouting ability and mortality of chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill.) after coppicing. A case study. Annals of Forest Science 62: 513–523.

Halle, F., Oldeman, R. A. A. & Tomlinson, P. B. (1978). Tropical trees and forests, an architectural analysis. Springer-Verlag. Berlin Heidelberg New York

Hotta, M. (1984). Forest Ecology and Flora of G. Gadut, Sumatra Nature Study (Botany). Kyoto University. Kyoto. Hal: 220.

Hunt, R. (1990). Basic growth analysis: plant growth analysis for beginners. Unwin Hyman. London.

Irawan, B. & Gruber, F. (2004). The importance of sprouting ability in conservation and development of Ironwood (Eusideroxylon zwageri Teijsm. and Binn.) varieties.. International Research on Food Security, Natural Resource Management and Rural development. Poverty Reduction through Research for Development and Transformation Humboldt-Universitat zu Berlin. Agricultural and Horticultural Faculty. Germany.

Kardiman, R. (2011). Struktur Tegakan Pohon Setelah 14 Tahun Penebangan Di Plot Permanen Bukit Gajabuih. Tesis. Padang: Universitas Andalas.

Kartodihardjo, H. (2001). Moratorium Penebangan Hutan. http://repository.ipb.ac.id/handle/ 123456789/41978 (downloaded 11 April 2016).

Kiyono, Y. & Hastaniah. (2005). Patterns of slash-and-burn land use and their effects on forest succession: swidden-land forests in Borneo [Indonesia]. Bulletin of the Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute. 4(4) p. 259-282.

Lewis, M. J. & Clarke, P. J. (2011). Ecology of plant resprouting: populations to community responses in fire-prone ecosystems. Plant Ecology.

McNaughton, S. J. & Wolf, L. L. (1990). Ekologi Umum. Terjemahan oleh Sunaryo Pringgoseputro dan B. Sringandono. Edisi II. Gajah Mada University Press. Yogyakarta.

Mukhtar, E., Basuki, I. & Chairul. (2012). Karakteristik Tunas Batang (sprouting) Setelah Penebangan Liar di Hutan Tropik Ulu Gadut. Biospectrum. VII (1): 57-61.

Nishimura, S., Yoneda, T., Fujii, S., Mukhtar, E., Kanzaki, M. & Ohta, S. (2010). Sprouting traits of Fagaceae species in a hill dipterocarp forest, Ulu Gadut, West Sumatra. Short Communication.

Ogino, K., Hotta, M., Tamin, R. & Yoneda, T. (1984). Forest Ecology of G. Gadut area. In: M. Hotta. (ed.) Forest Ecology and Flora of G. Gadut, West Sumatra. Sumatra Nature Study. Kyoto University. Pp 15-48.

Poorter, L., Kitajima, K., Mercado, P., Chubi˜Na, J., Melgar, I. & Prins, H. H. T. (2010). Resprouting as a persistence strategy of tropical forest trees: relations with carbohydrate storage and shade tolerance. Ecology, 91(9): 2613–2627.

Putz, F. E. & Sharitz, R. R. (1991). Hurricane damage to old-growth forest in Congaree Swamp National Monument, South Carolina, U.S.A. Canad. Journal of Forest Research. 21: 1765-1770.

Rasnovi, S. (2006). Ekologi regenerasi tumbuhan berkayu pada sistem agroforest karet. Disertasi. Pascasarjana Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor.

Rofiadi, I. (1999). Pertambahan Tinggi Beberapa Permudaan Pohon Di Hutan Bukit Pinang-pinang. Universitas Andalas. Padang. [Sarjana. Skripsi].

Schwilk, D. & Ackerly, D. D. (2005). Is there a cost to resprouting? Seedling growth rate and drought tolerance in sprouting and nonsprouting Ceanothus (Rhamnaceae). American Journal of Botany. 92. 404–410.

Vesk, P. A. & Westoby, M. (2004). Sprouting ability across diverse disturbances and vegetation types worldwide. Journal of Ecology. 92:310–320.

Whittaker, R. J. & Heegaard, E. (2003). What is the observed relationship between species richness and productivity? Comment. Ecology 84:3384–3390




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15575/biodjati.v4i2.4728

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Indexing By :

      

      

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

 

View My Stats