Daya gabung dan aksi gen komponen hasil jagung profilik hasil tinggi menggunakan analisis line X tester

Roy Efendi, Slamet Bambang Priyanto, Muhammad Azrai

Abstract


Peningkatan produktivitas jagung dapat dilakukan melalui perakitan varietas jagung yang memiliki tingkat prolifikasi tinggi. Ketersediaan galur-galur yang memiliki tingkat prolifikasi tinggi dan daya gabung yang baik akan memberikan peluang besar dalam perakitan jagung hibrida prolifik dengan hasil tinggi. Penelitian ini bertujuan memilih galur-galur prolifik yang memiliki daya gabung yang baik pada karakter prolifikasi dan mengevaluasi tingkat prolifikasi dan produktivitas jagung hibrida yang dibentuk dari galur-galur tersebut serta mengetahui aksi gen yang berperan pada karakter komponen hasil. Percobaan dilakukan dua tahap yaitu pembentukan hibrida dari galur-galur prolifik dengan metode testcross dan evaluasi hibrida yang terbentuk dengan menggunakan rancangan alfa lattice dengan tiga ulangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan galur G7 memiliki nilai daya gabung umum yang baik untuk karakter persentase tanaman prolifik. Hibrida G35/G102612 merupakan hibrida uji dengan persentase tanaman prolifik tertinggi 55,8%. Hibrida G7/Mal03 dengan hasil biji 12,9 t ha-1 dan persentase tanaman prolifik 53,9% merupakan jagung hibrida prolifik dengan hasil tinggi. Aksi gen non aditif lebih berperan dalam penampilan karakter komponen hasil pada jagung prolifik.

Abstract

Maize productivity can be increased by improving maize varieties with high prolificacy. The adequate of high prolificacy lines with a good combining ability will provide great opportunities to form a high yield prolific maize. The research aimed to select the prolific line which has good combining ability on the prolificacy and evaluate the prolificacy and productivity of the hybrid maize from these lines and to know the gene action which plays role in the yield component characters. The research was carried out in two stages, i.e. the formation of hybrids from the prolific line using the testcross method and evaluation of hybrids using the alpha lattice design with three replications. The results showed that line G7 had a good general combining ability for the percentage of prolific plants. Hybrid G35/G102612 was the test hybrid with the highest percentage of prolific plants of 55,8%. Hybrid G7/ Mal03 which had the yield of 12,9 t ha-1and percentage of prolific plants 53,9% was the prolific hybrid maize with the high yield. The non-additive effect played the main role for yield component characters of prolific hybrid maize.


Keywords


prolifik, daya gabung, line x tester.

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15575/9209

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