Psikoterapi Abū Naṣr al-Sarrāj al-Ṭūsī: Tinjauan atas al-Maqāmāt al-Rūḥāniyyah dalam Kitab al- Luma‘

Muhammad Valiyyul Haqq

Abstract


Appeared for the first time in 1965 in the monumental work of Reza Arasteh, Sufi spiritual approaches and methods in psychotherapy have to wait for Muslim scholars attention in the 21st century. To our concern, up to now only few studies which dive in the ocean of Sufi doctrinal aspects of psychotherapy: most of them still swim at the upper level trying to estimate the possible relationship between Sufi spiritual practices and methods of psychotherapy. However, to our surprise, none of these few studies that focus on the Sufi spiritual maqāmāt, the well-known meticulous step-by-step guidance for those who want to master their soul and mental states. In the absence of this, the present article attempts to explore the maqāmāt discussed by Abū al-Naṣr al-Sarrāj al-Ṭūsī in his famous al-Luma‘ in light of psychotherapy. At the end this article finds that these Sufi maqāmāt are not only means for spiritual purification, i.e., soul and mental well-being, but also al-Sarrāj’s model of Sufistic psychotherapeutic outline method.

Keywords


Abū al-Naṣr al-Sarrāj al-Ṭūsī, Maqāmāt, Sufi Psychotherapy

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahsen, A. (2010). Sufism and Image Psychology. Sufism and Psychology Forum (pp. 13-15). California: International Association of Sufism.

al-‘Aṭṭār, F. a.-D. (1905). Tadzkirat al-Auliyā’. Riyadh: al-Syirwani.

al-Asqalani, I. H. (1449). Fath al-Bārī bi Syarh Sahih al-Bukhari Jilid 1. Riyadh: Dar al-Wathan.

al-Ghazzālī, A. H. (2017). Ihya' Ulumuddin. (A. Azra, Trans.) Yogyakarta: Mutiara Media.

al-Jāmī, A. a.-B.-R. (2003). Nafaḥāt al-Uns min Ḥaḍarāt al-Quds. (S. R. Soenardi, Trans.) Yogyakarta: Pustaka Sufi.

al-Jawziyah, M. I. (1992). al-Ruh fi Kalam 'ala Arwah al-Amwat wa al-Ahya bi al-Dalil min al-Kitab wa al-Sunnah wa al-Atar wa Aqwal wa Al-Ulama' al-Akhyar. Riyadh: Dār al-Fikr.

al-Jawziyyah, I. Q. (1999). Madarijus-Salikin. (D. Bakir, Ed., & A. Firly, Trans.) Jakarta Timur: Pustaka al-Kautsar.

al-Jawziyyah, I. Q. (2006). Taubat. (Bambang, Ed., & M. Sasaky, Trans.) Jakarta: Gema Insani Press.

al-Qusyayrī, A. a.-Q.-K.-H. (1996). Al-Risala al-Qushayriyya. (H. M. Luqman, Trans.) Surabaya: Risalah Gusti.

al-Sa'di, '. B. (2002). Taisir Karimis-Rahman fi Tafsir Kalamil Manan. Saudi Arabia: Dār Ibnu Jawzi.

al-Sarrāj, A. a.-N. (2002). al-Luma‘. (W. &. Samson, Trans.) Surabaya: Risalah Gusti.

Anwar, H. (2016). Sufi al-Junaid. Jakarta: Fikahati Aneska.

Arasteh, A. R. (1965). Final Integration in the Adult Personality: A Measure for Health, Social Change, and Leadership. Belanda: E. J. Brill.

Birdī, A. a.-M. (1954). al-Nujūm al-Ẓāhirah fī Muluk Miṣr wa al-Qāhirah. Mesir: Dāl al-Kutub al-Misrīyyah.

Brier. (2014). Enhacing Self-Control in Adolescents: Treatment Strategies. New York: Routledge.

Cholik, A. A. (2015). Relasi Akal dan Hati menurut al-Ghazali. Kalimah: Jurnal Studi Agama dan Pemikiran Islam, 13(2), 287-310.

Darmalaksana, W. (2020). Cara Membuat Proposal Penelitian. Bandung: Fakultas Ushuluddin UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung.

Darmalaksana, W. (2020). Metode Penelitian Kualitatif Studi Pustaka dan Studi Lapangan. Pre-Print Digital Library UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung.

Granick, J. L. (2004). Toward a Sufism Psychotherapy. Sufism and Psychology Forum (p. 5). California: International Association of Sufism.

HAG, T. (2011). Psikologi Tasawuf. Bandung: Pustaka Setia.

Abdul-Hamid, W. K., & Hughes, J. H. (2015). Integration of Religion and Spirituality into Trauma Psychotherapy: An Example in Sufism?. Journal of EMDR Practice and Research, 9(3), 150-156.

Hanbal, I. A.-D. (2013). al-Wara'. (A. Faiq, Ed., & A. Taslim, Trans.) Jakarta: Pustaka Azzam.

Khadijah, K. (2014). Titik Temu Transpersonal Psychology dan Tasawuf. Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam, 4(2), 382-403.

Lory, P. (2002). Encyclopedia of Islam. Belanda: Brill.

Mahmadah, D. (2017, Maret 9). Pemikiran Hamka tentang Taubat dalam al-Qur'an: Studi Tafsir al-Azhar Karya Hamka. al-Fath, 28.

Ma'luf, L. (1986). al-Munjid fi al-Lugoh wa al-A'alam. Beirut: Dār al-Masyriq.

Mujieb, M. A. (2009). Ensiklopedia Tasawuf Imam al-Ghazali. Jakarta: PT. Mizan Publika.

Mukholik, A. (2017). HUMAN SPIRITUALITY PHASES IN SUFISM The Study of Abu Nasr Al-Sarraj in The Book of al-Luma'. Teosofia: Indonesian Journal of Islamic Mysticism, 6(1), 21-32.

Munawwir, &. A. (1984). al-Munawwir Kamus Bahasa Arab-Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Progresif.

Nawawi, R. S. (2014). Kepribadian Qur'ani. Jakarta: Amzah.

Pusat Bahasa Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. (2005). Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.

Rabbi, M. &. (2006). Keistimewaan Akhlak Islami. Bandung: Pustaka Setia.

Rofiq, A. (2016). Tasawuf dan Kesehatan dalam Pribadi Manusia. Ummul Quro, 3.

Rusdi, A. (2017). Rida dalam Psikologi Islam dan Konstruksi Alat Ukurnya. Jurnal Psikologi Islam, 4(1), 95-117.

Samah, N. A. A. (2007). Pemikiran tasawuf Abu Nasr al-Sarraj: kajian terhadap kitab Al-Luma mengenai konsep Ahwal dan Maqamat (Doctoral dissertation, Jabatan Akidah dan Pemikiran Islam, Bahagian Pengajian Usuluddin, Akademi pengajian Islam, Universiti Malaya 2006/2007.).

Shafi'i, M. (2004). Psikoanalisis dan Sufisme. Yogyakarta: Campus Press.

Shihab, M. Q. (2002). Tafsir al-Misbah: Pesan, Kesan, dan Keserasian Al-Qur'an. Jakarta: Lentera Hati.

Suharso, &. A. (2005). Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia. Semarang: Widya Karya.

Syukur, A. (2004). Zuhud di Abad Modern. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar Offset.

Yunus, M. (1960). Kamus Arab Indonesia. Jakarta: Hidakarya.

Zulaifah. (2017). Work-Family Interface Among Families with Work Separation: Testing the Spillover and Crossover Effect to Work-Family Interfence on Personal and Family Domain. Trends and Issues in Interdisciplinary Behavior and Social Science, 178-179.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15575/jpiu.12704

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Google Scholar Moraref