The Rights to Marry, Property and Be Free from Torture: A Study on the Elderly of Rajshahi District in Bangladesh

A K M Mahmudul Haque, Md. Zahid Hossain, S M Akram Ullah

Abstract


Everybody deserves the right to marry, the right to property, and the right to be free from torture as fundamental rights. These rights are preserved by the state and have been incorporated in the constitution of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. These are also recognized by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) as fundamental rights. This study is an endeavor to depict a clear picture of human rights violation of the elderly people of a northern district of Bangladesh in the aspect of the right to marry, the right to property, and the right to be free from torture. These rights are very important for a human being and it is the responsibility of the state to protect these rights according to the highest law of Bangladesh. But the study found that these rights are often violated in several ways in the study area. Lack of ethical views, corruption, and weakness of law enforcement are the main hindrances responsible for this case. This research is based on both primary and secondary data. It recommends some suggestions to out away these impediments. Raising proper familial education with morals and values is very important in this sphere. The government has to be more active in the ground of law enforcement and social movement should be built massively against corruption.


Keywords


Human rights, elderly people, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, old home, United Nations

Full Text:

PDF

References


Acharjee, Deepak (2017). "Govt. Dragging Feet on 1.50cr Senior Citizens’ Benefits." The Daily Independent, September 30, 2017. http://www.theindependentbd.com/post/116533 (Retrieved on 29 February 2020).

Alam S. (2015). Elderly People in Bangladesh: Vulnerabilities, Laws and Policies. https://www.academia.edu/22978303/Elderly_people_in_Bangladesh

_Vulnerabilities_laws_and_policies_1_st_Draft_Report (Retrieved on

September 2019).

Amnesty International, (1973). Torture in the Eighties. USA Edition. Amnesty International Publication. Quoted in: Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Torture#cite_note-15 (Retrieved on 29 February 2020).

Barikdar, A., Ahmed T., and Lasker S. P. (2016). “The Situation of the

Elderly in Bangladesh.” Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics, Vol. 7(1), p. 27. https://www.researchgate.net/ publication/ 306137257_The_Situation_ of_the_Elderly _in_ Bangladesh (Retrieved on 16 September 2019).

Begum, Ambia, (2020). “Have you ever been physically or emotionally abused?” Interview by Md Zahid Hossain on 04 January 2020.

Encyclopedia Britannica, (n. d.). What is Marriage? https://www.britannica.com/topic/marriage (Retrieved on 29 February 2020).

GoB, (2011). The Constitution of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. Article 32, 35(5), 42 (1, 2). http://bdlaws. minlaw.gov.bd/act-367/section-24583.html (Retrieved on 29 February 2020).

Hamid, Abdul, (2014). "President declares elderly people as 'senior citizens.” The Daily Star, November 27, 2014. https://www.thedailystar.net/president-declares-elderly-people-as-senior-citizens-52358 (Retrieved on 16 September 2019).

Haviland W. A. et al. (2011). Cultural Anthropology: The Human Challenge (13th ed.). Cengage Learning. ISBN 978-0-495-81178-7. "A nonethnocentric definition of marriage is a culturally sanctioned union between two or more people that establishes certain rights and obligations between the people, between them and their children, and between them and their in-laws. Quoted in: Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marriage#cite_note-1 (Retrieved on 29 February 2020)

Hossain, Makbul, (2020). “Have you ever been tortured for a second marriage?” Interview by Md Zahid Hossain on 04 January 2020.

Hossain, Makbul, (2020). “Why are you staying at the old age home instead of at home?” Interview by A K M Mahmudul Haque on 04 January 2020.

Mondol Sultan, (2020). “Have you ever been emotionally abused?” Interview by Md Zahid Hossain on 01 January 2020.

Rahman, Mazibur, (2020). “Have you ever been deprived of property right?” Interview by Md Zahid Hossain on 04 January 2020.

Rodley N. S. (1998). Encyclopedia Britannica. https://www.britannica.com/topic/torture (Retrieved on 29 February 2020)

United Nations, (1948). Universal Declaration of Human Rights. https://www.un.org/en/universal-declaration-human-rights/ (Retrieved on 05 February 2020).

United Nations, (1950). European Convention on Human Rights (1950). Article 1 of Protocol No. 1. https://rm.coe.int/168007ff55 (Retrieved on 29 February 2020).

United Nations (1964): Convention on Consent to Marriage, Minimum Age for Marriage and Registration of Marriages. https://www.ohchr.org/en/professionalinterest/pages/minimumageform arriage.aspx (Retrieved on 29 February 2020).

United Nations, (1984). Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, Article 1. https://www.ohchr.org/en/professionalinterest/pages/cat.aspx (Retrieved on 29 February 2020).

United Nations, (2007). Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, Article 15 (1). https://www.un.org/development/desa/disabilities/convention-on-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities/article-15-freedom-from-torture-or-cruel-inhuman-or-degrading-treatment-or-punishment.html (Retrieved on 29 February 2020).




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15575/ks.v4i2.12252

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 A K M Mahmudul Haque et.al

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


UIN Sunan Gunung Djati

Kota Bandung, Jawa Barat
Handphone: +6285961137790

E-mail: KSosial@uinsgd.ac.id

Lisensi Creative Commons

Khazanah Sosial  are licensed under Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International


Click Her For See Stats