Manifestasi Kehadiran Tuhan di dalam Teologi Kristen: Dari Tabernakel Musa ke Bait Allah yang Hidup

Sonny Zaluchu(1*)

(1) Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Baptis Indonesia (STBI) Semarang, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


This paper aims to prove that the manifestation of God's presence in the Old Testament (OT) is not something final. The climax of God's presence among His people is seen in the coming of Jesus into the world through the incarnation. Through this paper, it is explained that even though God is transcendent in Christian theology, He is also immanent at the same time. God's transcendence cannot be separated from his immanent nature and vice versa. The main data used in this research is through a literature review. The results obtained from the literature review were compiled through the Integrative Critical Analysis (ICA) approach to meet the research objectives. The main conclusion is, theologically, the Christian is the abode of the true God.

Full Text:



Arifianto, Y. A., & sumiwi Rachmani, A. (2020). Peran Roh Kudus dalam Menuntun Orang Percaya kepada Seluruh Kebenaran Berdasarkan Yohanes 16 : 13. Jurnal Diegesis, 3(1), 1–12.

Baharudin, M. (2014). Konsepsi Ketuhanan Sepanjang Sejarah Manusia. Al-Aldyan: Jurnal Studi Lintas Agama, 9(1), 35–58.

Bentley, W. (2018). Balancing the transcendence and immanence of God in Nürnberger’s theology. Verbum et Ecclesia, 39(1).

Berchie, D. (2014). Dancing Before the Lord (2 Sam 6:14). Catalyst, 9(1), 72–77.

Dan, J. (2009). Imago dei. In 20th Century Jewish Religious Thought: Original Essays on Critical Concepts, Movements, and Beliefs (hal. 473–478).

Felderhof, M. C. (2016). The Person of Christ. In Revisiting Christianity (hal. 157–166). Routledge.

Gilbert, M. (2018). Integrative Critical Analysis. In M. Gilbert, A. R. Johnson, & P. W. Lewis (Ed.), Missiological Research: Interdiisciplinary Foundations, Methods, and Integration (1 ed., hal. 47–52). William Carey Publishing.

Hudaeri, M. (2007). Agama dan Problem Makna Hidup. Al-Qalam, 24(2), 219–239.

Hügel, K. (2016). King Davidʼs Exposure while Dancing: A Queer Reading of 2 Samuel 6. Scandinavian Journal of the Old Testament, 30(2), 249–260.

Istodor, G. (2016). Transcendent and Immanent in the Orthodox Theology. Implications and Missionary Evaluation. Proceedings of Conferences on the Dialogue between Science and Theology, 3, 45–54.

Jatmiko, B. (2020). Inkarnasi Sebagai Penyataan Allah (Eksegesa 1 Yohanes 1: 1-4). Sanctum Domine: Jurnal Teologi, 1(2), 108–120.

Keener, C. S. (2014). The IVP Bible background commentary - New Testament (2 ed.). IVP Academic.

Murnita, T. (2020). Diskursus Transenden dan Imanen Tuhan Menurut Ibn ’Arabi (1165-1240 M). Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau.

NIV. (2016). Cultural Background Study Bible. Zondervan.

Okafor, P. O. (2016). Incarnation As a Fundamental Hermeneutical Principle : The Case of Christian Theology and the Issue of Theological Education in Nigeria. Ministerium – Journal of Contextual Theology, 2(1), 1–23.

Poythress, V. S. (2018). Theophany: A Biblical Theology of God’s Appearing. Crossway Books.

Ransford, C. H. (2016). Immanence or Transcendence? A Mathematical View. Proceedings of Conferences on the Dialogue between Science and Theology, 3, 21–26.

Resch, D. (2009). Divinity and Humanity: the Incarnation Reconsidered. By Oliver D. Crisp. The Heythrop Journal, 50(4), 734–735.

Rotaru, I. G. (2015). The name „Immanuel”=„God with us”, a proof of God’s immanence, according to the religious vision of the American author Ellen G. White. Dialogo, 2(2), 34–44.

Ryken, L., C., J. W., & III, T. L. (Ed.). (2011). Kamus Gambaran Alkitab [Dictionary of Biblical Imagery]. Penerbit Momentum.

Tiyono, D. (2018). Memahami Imago Dei Sebagai “Golden Seed.” EPIGRAPHE: Jurnal Teologi dan Pelayanan Kristiani, 1(1), 39.

Windsor, G. (2010). Theophany: Traditions of the Old Testament. Theology, 75(626), 411–416.

Zaluchu, S. E. (2020). Pentateuch - Narasi Narasi Utama Kitab Musa (1 ed.). Golden Gate Publishing.

Zaluchu, S. E. (2021). Dancing in praise of God: Reinterpretation of theology in worship. Theologia Viatorum, 45(1), 1–5.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Sonny Zaluchu

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.