Jidan Mustopa(1*), Yoga Sudarisman(2)

(1) UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung, Indonesia
(2) UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


This research focuses on finding the action patter of hard-boiled detective formula and its effect to the main character in The Batman (2022) movie by Matt Reeves using John G. Cawelti theory of hard-boiled detective formula, the action pattern of hard-boiled detective formula was detective as a hero, suspense and threat, a modern city as a background, the role of women and changing meaning Furthermore, this research used the qualitative descriptive method. This method aims to examine text and image data, have unique steps in data analysis and draw on diverse designs. This method was used to analyze the data from the visual and narrative standpoint because those elements can be represented through both of them. The result of this research is the representation of Hard-boiled detective formula in The Batman movie. The action pattern were presented in the form of narrative structure especially on plot, characters, and dialogue. Those elements can have effects to the main character development, for example a modern city as a background depicted the corruption, and death, a moral wasteland in which crime pre dominants.


Popular Literature; Formula; Detective; Film; Hard-Boiled

Full Text:



Abrams, M. H. (1999). A Glossary of Literarty Terms (7th ed.). Boston: Thomson Learning

Adi, I. R. (2016). Fiksi Populer: Teori & Metode Kajian. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Cawelti, J. G. (1976). Adventure, Mistery, and Romance. London: The University of Chicago Press.

Connel, R. W. (1987). Gender anf Power: Society, the Person and Sexual Politics. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Creswell, J. (1998). Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design. California: Sage Publisher.

Damono, S. (2016). Alih Wahana. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Howard, D. G. (2010). THE HARD-BOILED DETECTIVE: PERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS AND THE. Department of English Indiana University, 95.

Jalova, Z. (2007). Reflections of Society and Era in Hard-Boiled Detective Fiction. Brno: Mararyk University.

Schreier, M. (2012). Qualitative Content Analysis in Practice. London: Sage

Short, T. L. (2007). Peirce’s Theory of Signs. Cambridge University Press.

Wellek, R. A., & Warren, A. (1977). Theory of Literature. London: Harcourt Brace Javanovich, Publisher .



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Indexed by:



Saksama: Jurnal Sastra is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License 



View My Stats