Rethinking the Principle of Obedience to Eradicate Terrorist Women in Indonesia

Alponso Munte, Desi Natalia


In society, there are symptoms of women as suicide bombers. This act of terror robs Human Rights. Here, acts of terror seem to be something banal. This paper aims to dissect what philosophy can relieve the symptoms of female terrorists. This study is a discourse analysis with a philosophical review of Hannah Arendt regarding the banality of crime and obedience. This paper finds that people at the grassroots level in Indonesia still think that the concept of obedience by putting aside critical thinking is a virtue and can also be a threat to humanity universally. From the existing discourse, the writer finds that the answer to this problem is awareness of citizenship compliance. This study contributes to the re-emergence of philosophy in social studies. The root of sociology itself is a philosophy that always invites back rationality in every decision and action.


Hannah Arendt; the banality of crime; terrorist women; universal humanity; discourse analysis

Full Text:



Adilah, R. Y. (2021). Eks Teroris: Banyak Perempuan Terpapar Terorisme Lebih Militan dari Laki-laki. Merdeka.Com.

Andersen, B. (2019). Marginality and banality in the segregated city: Reflections on the ‘riots’ in Oslo. Ethnicities, 19(6), 1121–1137.

Arendt, H. (1994). Mankind and terror. In J. Kohn (Ed.), Essays in understanding 1930-1954. Harcourt Brace a 298.

Arendt, H. (2009). The jewish writings. Schocken.

Baele, S. J. (2017). Lone‐actor terrorists’ emotions and cognition: An evaluation beyond stereotypes. Political Psychology, 38(3), 449–468.

Banks, C. (2019). Introduction: Women, gender, and terrorism: Gendering terrorism. In Women & Criminal Justice (Vol. 29, Issues 4–5, pp. 181–187). Taylor & Francis.

BBC. (2018). Dari Mako Brimob sampai Polrestabes Surabaya: Satu minggu penuh teror. BBC News.

Burns, E. A., Pyatt, A. D., & Mackie, E. (2021). Banal Terrorism: Re-Appropriating Terror-Prevention Concrete Bollards in Melbourne’s CBD. Journal of Australian Studies, 45(3), 417–438.

Castells, M. (2011). The rise of the network society. John Wiley & Sons.

Cutting‐Gray, J. (1993). Hannah Arendt, feminism, and the politics of alterity:“What will we lose if we win?” Hypatia, 8(1), 35–54.

Deibert, R. J. (2018). Toward a human-centric approach to cybersecurity. Ethics & International Affairs, 32(4), 411–424.

Dzulfaroh, A. N. (2021, April). Menilik Keterlibatan Perempuan dalam Pusaran Terorisme. Kompas.Com.

Gibson, S. (2019). Obedience without orders: Expanding social psychology’s conception of ‘obedience.’ British Journal of Social Psychology, 58(1), 241–259.

GTD. (2021). Global Terrorism Database. University of Maryland National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism An Emeritus Center of Excellence of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security.

Hearty, K. (2018). ‘Victims of’human rights abuses in transitional justice: hierarchies, perpetrators and the struggle for peace. The International Journal of Human Rights, 22(7), 888–909.

Huang, M. (2005). Hannah Arendt on banality of evil. Soochow Journal of Political Science, 23, 1–23.

Intan, G. (2019). Trend Pelibatan Kaum Perempuan dalam Terorisme Cenderung Meningkat. Voa-Islam.Com.

Kumparan. (2018). Perempuan di Sarang Teror. Kumparan News.

Leonard, M. (2018). Hannah Arendt and the Ancients: Preface. Classical Philology, 113(1), 1–5.

Morgades-Bamba, C. I., Raynal, P., & Chabrol, H. (2020). Exploring the radicalization process in young women. Terrorism and Political Violence, 32(7), 1439–1457.

Rane, H. (2019). “Cogent Religious Instruction”: A Response to the Phenomenon of Radical Islamist Terrorism in Australia. Religions, 10(4), 246.

Rossello, D. (2021). The animal condition in the human condition: Rethinking Arendt’s political action beyond the human species. Contemporary Political Theory, 1–21.

Schweppe, J., & Perry, B. (2021). A continuum of hate: delimiting the field of hate studies. Crime, Law and Social Change, 1–26.

Shanaah, S. (2022). Alienation or Cooperation? British Muslims’ Attitudes to and Engagement in Counter-Terrorism and Counter-Extremism. Terrorism and Political Violence, 34(1), 71–92.

Silva, J. R., & Capellan, J. A. (2019). A comparative analysis of media coverage of mass public shootings: Examining rampage, disgruntled employee, school, and lone-wolf terrorist shootings in the United States. Criminal Justice Policy Review, 30(9), 1312–1341.

Swart, E. K., Nielen, T. M. J., & Sikkema-de Jong, M. T. (2019). Supporting learning from text: A meta-analysis on the timing and content of effective feedback. Educational Research Review, 28, 100296.

Villa, D. (2008). Political violence and terror: arendtian reflections. Ethics & Global Politics, 1(3), 97–113.

Xie, Q. (2018). Critical discourse analysis of news discourse. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 8(4), 399–403.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats


E - ISSN : 2615-5028

TEMALI is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.>


Published by : Jurusan Sosiologi Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

Sponsored by : Ikatan Sosiologi Indonesia (ISI)


Flag Counter