Global Warming and Climate Change Effect: Understanding the Interplay between Environmental Impact and Geopolitical Conflict

Sri Wilda Anasta(1*), Rifyal Zaihifni Fadli Kusyairi(2), Muhamad Luthfi Aditya(3), Muhammad Hudan Hanif(4)

(1) UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung, Indonesia
(2) UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung, Indonesia
(3) UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung, Indonesia
(4) UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


Climate change emerges as a critical catalyst for international conflicts, intensifying geopolitical tensions and socio-economic instability through environmental degradation. This analysis reveals how escalating greenhouse gases profoundly impact global ecosystems, spotlighting the strategic roles and geopolitical complexities involving major nations, especially China's influence. Employing qualitative methods, the study scrutinizes the effectiveness of international agreements like the UNFCCC, Kyoto Protocol, and Paris Agreement. It exposes gaps in understanding localized impacts and effective mitigation strategies, advocating for an integrated approach that melds environmental science with socio-economic considerations. The research underscores the urgent need to merge environmental sustainability with strategic geopolitical and economic policies, aiming to effectively address the multifaceted challenges of climate change and ensure global stability.


Climate Change, Geopolitical, Environmental

Full Text:



Adrian, M. M., Purnomo, E. P., Enrici, A., & Khairunnisa, T. (2023). Energy transition towards renewable energy in Indonesia. Heritage and Sustainable Development, 5(1).

Ahmad, K., Irshad Younas, Z., Manzoor, W., & Safdar, N. (2023). Greenhouse gas emissions and corporate social responsibility in USA: A comprehensive study using dynamic panel model. Heliyon, 9(3).

Aisyah, R. (2018). Keikutsertaan Kanada dalam Perjanjian Trans-Pacific Partnership: Sebuah Analisis Liberal Intergovernmentalism. Jurnal Transformasi Global , 3(2).

BBC News Indonesia, com. (2021). Perubahan iklim: Mengapa kebijakan China soal iklim penting bagi negara lain, termasuk Indonesia?. Diakses pada 25 Mei 2021, dari

Biagini, B., Bierbaum, R., Stults, M., Dobardzic, S., & McNeeley, S. M. (2014). A typology of adaptation actions: A global look at climate adaptation actions financed through the Global Environment Facility. Global Environmental Change, 25(1).

Bumpus, A. G., & Liverman, D. M. (2008). Accumulation by decarbonization and the governance of carbon offsets. Economic Geography, 84(2), 127–155.

Creswell, J. W. (2014). (2019). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. English Language Teaching, 12(5), 40.

Diffenbaugh, N. S., & Burke, M. (2019). Global warming has increased global economic inequality. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 116(20).

Dupont, A. (2008). The Strategic Implications of Climate Change. Survival, 31.

European Commission. (2020). EU Climate Action: European Commission welcomes adoption of ambitious new targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 2030. Diakses pada 25 Mei 2023, dari commission-welcomes-adoption-ambitious-new-targets-reduce-greenhouse_en

Evans, G. W. (2019). Projected Behavioral Impacts of Global Climate Change. In Annual Review of Psychology (Vol. 70).

Fang, Z., Kong, X., Sensoy, A., Cui, X., & Cheng, F. (2021). Government’s awareness of Environmental protection and corporate green innovation: A natural experiment from the new environmental protection law in China. Economic Analysis and Policy, 70.

Gonzales-Iwanciw, J., Karlsson-Vinkhuyzen, S., & Dewulf, A. (2023). How does the UNFCCC enable multi-level learning for the governance of adaptation? International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, 23(1).

Hariyadi. (2017). PENGELOLAAN AGENDA PERUBAHAN IKLIM DALAM SKENARIO SISTEM DUNIA KAPPEN : RESPONS KEBIJAKAN INDONESIA Global Climate Change Management in The Kappenis ’ World System Scenario : Indonesia ’ s Policy Response. 8(2).

Haseeb, M., Kot, S., Iqbal Hussain, H., & Kamarudin, F. (2021). The natural resources curse-economic growth hypotheses: Quantile–on–Quantile evidence from top Asian economies. Journal of Cleaner Production, 279.

Houghton, Sir John, Global Warming; The Complete Briefing 3rd edition, Cambridge Univer sity Press, 2004.

Hovi, J., Sprinz, D. F., & Underdal, A. (2009). Implementing long-term climate policy: Time inconsistency, domestic politics, international anarchy. Global Environmental Politics, 9(3), 20–39.

Jaiswal, K. K., Chowdhury, C. R., Yadav, D., Verma, R., Dutta, S., Jaiswal, K. S., SangmeshB, & Karuppasamy, K. S. K. (2022). Renewable and sustainable clean energy development and impact on social, economic, and environmental health. In Energy Nexus (Vol. 7).

Kementrian Lingkungan Hidup. (2003). Protokol Kyoto. http://per Kyoto_Atas.pdf

Kuyper, J., Schroeder, H., & Linnér, B. O. (2018). The evolution of the UNFCCC. In Annual Review of Environment and Resources (Vol. 43).

Kyodo News. (2021) Japan raises 2030 emissions reduction target to 46%. Diakses pada 25 Mei 2023. Dari to-decide-more-ambitious-2030-emissions-reduction-target.html

Madibbo, A. I. (2012). Conflict and the conceptions of identities in the Sudan. Current Sociology, 60(3).

Marbun, P. (2018). Kepentingan Indonesia Dalam Meratifikasi Perjanjian Paris. Jurnal PIR : Power in International Relations, 2(2), 161. 178

Masripatin, N., Ginoga, K. L., Ridha, D. M., Purbo, A., Wibowo, A., Tobing, L. B., Widyaningtyas, N., Widayati, T., Bagiyono, R., Anwar, S., & Farid, M. (2016). Peru bahan Iklim, Perjanjian Paris dan Nationally Determined Contribution.

Muganyi, T., Yan, L., & Sun, H. ping. (2021). Green finance, fintech and environmental protection: Evidence from China. Environmental Science and Ecotechnology, 7.

Obersteiner, M., Huettner, M., Kraxner, F., McCallum, I., Aoki, K., Böttcher, H., Fritz, S., Gusti, M., Havlik, P., Kindermann, G., Rametsteiner, E., & Reyers, B. (2009). On fair, effective and efficient REDD mechanism design. In Carbon Balance and Management (Vol. 4).

Romanak, K., Fridahl, M., & Dixon, T. (2021). Attitudes on carbon capture and storage (Ccs) as a mitigation technology within the unfccc. Energies, 14(3).

Ronnie Hall, can forest carbon finance stop deforestation? a critical review of proposed REDD mechanisms, Friends of the Earth International, 2008, hlm. 2.

Rosenzweig, C. (2007). Assessment of observed changes and responses. 83.

Shin, S., Park, M. S., Lee, H., & Baral, H. (2022). The structure and pattern of global partnerships in the REDD+ mechanism. Forest Policy and Economics, 135.

Singh, S., Deep Sharma, G., Radulescu, M., Balsalobre-Lorente, D., & Bansal, P. (2023). Do natural resources impact economic growth: An investigation of P5 + 1 countries under sustainable management. Geoscience Frontiers.

Thew, H., Middlemiss, L., & Paavola, J. (2021). Does youth participation increase the democratic legitimacy of UNFCCC-orchestrated global climate change governance? Environmental Politics, 30(6).

Trines, Investment flows and finance schemes in the forestry sector with particular references to developing countries, a report to the Secretariat of the UNFCCC, 24th July 2007, hlm. 43.

Uddin, Md. M. (2019). Addressing environmental degradation caused by Rohingya Influxes in light of international environmental law. Dhaka Tribune.

van Asselt, H., & Kulovesi, K. (2017). Seizing the opportunity: tackling fossil fuel subsidies under the UNFCCC. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, 17(3).

Virgolino, A., Antunes, F., Santos, O., Costa, A., de Matos, M. G., Bárbara, C., Bicho, M., Caneiras, C., Sabino, R., Núncio, M. S., Matos, O., Santos, R. R., Costa, J., Alarcão, V., Gaspar, T., Ferreira, J., & Carneiro, A. V. (2020). Towards a global perspective of environmental health: Defining the research grounds of an institute of environmental health. Sustainability (Switzerland), 12(21).


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2024 Sri Wilda Anasta, Rifyal Zaihifni Fadli Kusyairi, Muhamad Luthfi Aditya, Muhammad Hudan Hanif

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

1th Floor, Building of FISIP

Jl. Raya A.H. Nasution No. 105 Cibiru Kota Bandung, 40614


Lisensi Creative Commons

Candidate: Jurnal Sains Politik is licensed under Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International