Capital Exchange between Islamic Boarding Schools and Political Parties in the 2019 Election

Siti Kholifah

Abstract


This study examines the social practices of Islamic boarding schools in Jombang in the 2019 elections. It aims to analyze the role and capital exchange between Islamic boarding schools in Jombang and political parties. This study is important because the intersection of Islamic boarding schools and politics has been going on since colonial times until now. The political dynamics of Islamic boarding schools cannot be separated from NU because several NU Kiai are in the vortex of local and national politics. In the 2019 presidential election, a Kiai of NU named Kiai Ma’ruf Amin ran as Jokowi’s partner to be a vice president. As a place for the establishment of NU, Islamic boarding schools in Jombang have a magnet in gaining votes both in the legislative and presidential elections in 2019. By using Pierre ’Bourdieu’s theory as an analytical tool, this research conducted a case study approach. Data collection techniques carried out through interviews, observation, and documentation. The informants are determined purposively. The results of this study indicate that the exchange of capital between Islamic boarding schools and political parties is dominated by symbolic capital exchanges of Islamic boarding schools with the social capital of political elites and political parties. The blue bloodline of Islamic boarding schools and seniority of a Kiai or Nyai have an essential role in determining the reproductive strategy and capital exchange with political parties. Also, the dominance of social practices carried out in Islamic boarding schools. The power of symbolic capital and social capital of NU Islamic boarding school became a tool for conducting bargaining positions with elite political parties, including presidential and vice-presidential candidates. In the end, the capital exchange between Islamic boarding schools and political parties became obvious in getting votes in the 2019 elections.

Keywords


capital; political parties; elections; NU Islamic boarding school; social practice

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arifin, I. (2008). Kiai dan Politik: Studi Kasus Perilaku Politik Kiai dalam Konflik Partai Kebangkitan Bangsa (PKB) Pasca Muktamar II Semarang. Universitas Diponegoro.

Bourdieu, P. (1977). Outline of Theory of Practices. London: Cambridge University Press.

Bourdieu, P. (1984). Distinction : A Social Critique of the Judgement. Cambridge: Havard University Press.

Bourdieu, P. (1990). The Logic of Practice. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Candland, C. (2000). Faith as Social Capital: Religion and Community Development in Southern Asia. Policy Sciences, 33(3–4), 355–374. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1004857811117

Coleman, J. (1988). Social capital in the creation of human capital. American Journal of Sociology, 94, 95–120. https://doi.org/10.1086/228943

Coleman, J. (1990). Foundations of Social Theory. Cambridge: Havard University Press.

Dhofier, Z. (1999). The Pesantren Tradition: The Roles of The Kiai in the Maintenance of Traditional Islam in Java. Arizona: The Program of Southeast Asian Studies.

Effendi, D. (2010). Pembaruan Tanpa Membongkar Tradisi. Jakarta: Kompas.

Ferragina, E., & Arrigoni, A. (2017). The Rise and Fall of Social Capital: Requiem for a Theory? Political Studies Review, 15(3), 355–367. https://doi.org/10.1177/1478929915623968

Fukuyama, F. (2001). Social Capital, Civil Society and Development. Third World Quarterly, 22(1), 7–20. https://doi.org/10.1080/713701144

Hefner, R. W. (2012). Islam and Spiritual Capital: An Indonesian Case Study. In P. L. Berger & G. Redding (Eds.), The Hidden Form of Capital (pp. 193–215). https://doi.org/10.7135/upo9780857289520

Jackman, R. W., & Miller, R. A. (1998). Social Capital and Politics. Annual Review of Political Science, 1(1), 47–73. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.polisci.1.1.47

Karim, A. G. (2008). Pesantren in Power: Religious Institutions and Political Recruitment in Sumenap, Madura. RIMA: Review of Indonesian and Malaysian Affairs, 42(1), 157–184.

Kettell, S. (2019). Social Capital and Religion in the United Kingdom. Faith-Based Organizations and Social Welfare, 185–203.

Kholifah, S. (2005). Wacana Santri Perempuan tentang Politik. Surabaya.

Mastuhu. (1994). Dinamika Pendidikan Pesantren. Jakarta: INIS.

Nakamura, M. (1996). NU’s Leadership Crisis and Search for Identity in the Early 1980s: from the 1979 Semarang Congress to the 1984 Situbondo Congress. In G. Fealy, Greg; Barton (Ed.), Nadhatul Ulama, Traditional Islam and Modernity in Indonesia (pp. 94–109). Clayton: Monash Asia Institute.

Park, J. J., & Bowman, N. A. (2015). Religion as Bridging or Bonding Social Capital: Race, Religion, and Cross-Racial Interaction for College Students. Sociology of Education, 88(1), 20–37. https://doi.org/10.1177/0038040714560172

Permani, R. (2011). The presence of religious organisations, religious attendance and earnings: Evidence from Indonesia. Journal of Socio-Economics, 40(3), 247–258. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socec.2011.01.006

Putnam, R. D. (1995). Bowling Alone: America’s Declining Social Capital. Journal of Democracy, 6, 65–78. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781912282319

Srimulyani, E. (2008). Pesantren Seblak of Jombang, East Java: Women’s Educational Leadership. RIMA: Review of Indonesian and Malaysian Affairs, 42(1), 81–106.

Surya. (2019). Sejumlah Kiai di Sidogiri Dukung Prabowo-Sandi, BPP Jatim: Bukti Nahdliyin Bersama Kami.

Turmudi, E. (2005). Struggling for the Umma: Changing Leadership Roles of Kiai in Jombang, East Java. Canbera: The Australian National University.

Wagiman, S. (1997). The Modernization of the Pesantren’s Educational System to Meet the Needs of Indonesian Communities.

Wuthnow, R. (2002). Religious Involvement and Status-Bridging. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 41(4), 669–684.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15575/jw.v5i1.7562

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Siti Kholifah

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.



Wawasan: Jurnal Ilmiah Agama dan Sosial Budaya is Indexed By:

------------

 


View My Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.