Cultural Reproduction of the Jawi Book in the Recitation Tradition in Palembang

Bety Bety(1*), Ris'an Rusli(2), Choirunniswah Choirunniswah(3), Mohammad Syawaluddin(4), Maryam Maryam(5)

(1) Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Fatah Palembang, Indonesia
(2) Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Fatah Palembang, Indonesia
(3) Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Fatah Palembang, Indonesia
(4) Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Fatah Palembang, Indonesia
(5) Universitas Islam Negeri Fatmawati Soekarno Bengkulu, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


The Jawi Books, an essential component of Islamic teachings in Southeast Asia, plays a vital role in cultural and religious education. Its study in Palembang, Indonesia, provides insights into the processes of cultural reproduction and adaptation within a contemporary context. This qualitative research explores the teaching methods, motivations, and cultural implications associated with studying the Jawi Books in Palembang. The methodology includes interviews with local scholars, observations of teaching sessions, and an analysis of the content and usage of the Jawi Book in various religious assemblies. The research discovered that the primary motivation for studying the Jawi Books is to aid local congregations in understanding Arabic texts. Despite its historical roots, the Jawi Books remains a significant source of religious knowledge, supported by a strong network of scholars across regions such as Kalimantan, Aceh, Malaysia, and Thailand. The teaching methods are varied, combining traditional approaches like the talaqqi method with modern digital platforms, including YouTube. The study uncovers a symbolic power struggle in the interpretation between Hadromaut and local Palembang clerics, suggesting widespread cultural assimilation. The study of the Jawi Books in Palembang is a prime example of cultural reproduction, adapting traditional Islamic teachings to contemporary needs and contexts, which is crucial for maintaining the relevance and transmission of religious knowledge across generations. These findings underscore the importance of local interpretations and teaching methods in preserving cultural and religious identities in an increasingly globalized world.


Cultural Reproduction; Islamic Teachings; Jawi Book; Religious Education; Southeast Asia

Full Text:



Abdullah, F., Rahman, A., Ali, A., & Kadir, F. (2020). Jawi Script and The Malay Society: Historical Background and Development. International Journal of Management (IJM), 11(7), 68–78.

Adam, A. (2021). The New and Correct Date of the Terengganu Inscription. Strategic Information and Research Development Centre.

Al-Attas, S. M. N. (2012). The Correct Date of Terengganu Inscription: Friday, 4th Rajab, 702 A.H./Friday, 22nd February, 1303 A.C. In M. Z. Uthman (Ed.), Batu Bersurat of Terengganu: Its Correct Date, Religio-Cultural and Scientific Dimensions. Jabatan Warisan Negara.

Alzahrani, M. (2020). The Provenance and Origins of Arabic Calligraphy as an Islamic Art. Journal of Arts, Literature, Humanities and Social Sciences, 54.

Analia, D., Syaukat, Y., Fauzi, A., & Rustiadi, E. (2020). The Impact of Social Capital on the Performance of Small Micro Enterprises. Jurnal Ekonomi Malaysia, 54(1).

Astuti, S. (2022). Characteristics of Zuhud or Asceticism in The Qur`an. Taqaddumi: Journal of Quran and Hadith Studies, 2(2), 1–12.

Aziz, A., Sebgag, Z., Muhammad, M., & Suryani, S. (2022). Learning Arabic pegon for non-Javanese santri at pesantren. Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 8(2).

Azra, A. (1994). Pemikiran Sosio-Politik Islam dalam Kitab Melayu/Jawa Klasik. Simposium Nasional I Kitab Kuning Dan Lektur Islam.

Burhanudin, J. (2022). The Popularizing of Sunni Doctrine in Southeast Asia: Sifat Dua Puluh in Malay Kitab Jawi in the 19th Century. Afkar: Jurnal Akidah &Amp; Pemikiran Islam, 24(2), 275–312.

Chauhan, R. S. (2022). Unstructured interviews: are they really all that bad? Human Resource Development International, 25(4), 474–487.

Coluzzi, P. (2022). Jawi, an endangered orthography in the Malaysian linguistic landscape. International Journal of Multilingualism, 19(4), 630–646.

Daneshgar, M. (2022). A Very Old Malay Islamic manuscript. Indonesia and the Malay World, 50(147), 161–172.

Hafidz, M. (2020). Majlis Ta’lim: Institution for Strengthening Islamic Moderation. Journal of Nahdlatul Ulama Studies, 1(2), 162–180.

Hijjas, M. (2022). Is Jawi Islamic? In Malay-Indonesian Islamic Studies (pp. 269–293). BRILL.

Hussin, M., & Kamal, M. H. (2021). Translation of al-Quran into Malay Language in the Malay World. IJISH (International Journal of Islamic Studies and Humanities), 4(1), 32.

Ibrahim, N., & Shah, F. (2020). The Islamic Influences In Malay Manuscripts Writing:An Overview of Some Selected Manuscripts. Sains Insani, 5(1).

Ichwan, M. (2002). Literatur Tafsir Alquran Melayu Jawi di Indonesia, Relasi Kuasa, Pergeseran dan Kematian dalam Visi Islam. Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Keislaman, 1(1).

Islami, H., Rusli, R., & Sani, A. (2023). Malay Islam and Nusantara Islam (Tracking 13 Centuries Of Islam And Malay Synergy For Strengthening Indonesian Indonesia). International Journal of Islamic Education, Research and Multiculturalism (IJIERM), 5(1).

Jamaluddin, W., Najah, Z., & Nafiudin, I. (2020). K.H. Ahmad Hanafiah and His Intellectual Networks With Other Muslim Scholars in the Malay Islamic World. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, 492.

Kahramonovna, U., & Ismatullayeva. (2023). Phonetic Characteristics Of Sanskrit Definitions in Malay. Fan, Ta’lim, Madaniyat Va Innovatsiya, 2(2).

Leko, M. M., Cook, B. G., & Cook, L. (2021). Qualitative Methods in Special Education Research. Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 36(4), 278–286.

Low, E. (2020). English in Asian Schools. In The Handbook of Asian Englishes (pp. 107–131). Wiley.

Mahfud, C., Astari, R., Kasdi, A., Mu’ammar, M. A., Muyasaroh, M., & Wajdi, F. (2021). Islamic cultural and Arabic linguistic influence on the languages of Nusantara; From lexical borrowing to localized Islamic lifestyles. Wacana, 22(1), 224.

Makmur, H., Ummi, R., & Dian, C. (2021). Arabic Language Teaching Techniques Durus Allughah Al-Arabiyah Li Ghairi Natiqina Biha Online Learning. Academic Research in Educational Sciences, 2, 27–44.

Malik, P., Jalal, A., Rahim, R., & Kahal, S. (2020). Malay Local Wisdom: An Analysis of Social History of the Malay Literary Saga Books. Temali: Jurnal Pembangunan Sosial, 3(1).

Mansurnoor, I. A. (1998). Contemporary European Views of the Jawah: Brunei and the Malays in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries. Journal of Islamic Studies, 9(2), 178–209.

Matheson, V., & Hooker, M. B. (1988). Jawi Literature in Patani: The Maintenance of an Islamic Tradition. Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 61(1), 1–86.

Maxwell, J. A. (2021). Why qualitative methods are necessary for generalization. Qualitative Psychology, 8(1), 111–118.

Mey, G. (2022). Qualitative Methodology (pp. 1–26). Springer.

Mishra, S. (2020). Social networks, social capital, social support and academic success in higher education: A systematic review with a special focus on ‘underrepresented’ students. Educational Research Review, 29, 100307.

Mohd Rashid, N. A. B., Md Salleh, S. Bin, & Md Noor, N. B. (2019). Development of Jawi Spelling Skills Mobile Applications, ‘Oh Jawiku’. International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies (IJIM), 13(07), 80.

Mukhamdanah, M., Firdaus, W., Inayatusshalihah, Fajrin, H., Yulianti, S., & Syamsurizal. (2023). Influence of the Arabic Script and Language on Acehnese Manuscript Kitab Tauhid. Eurasian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 9(1).

Nabilah, N., & Nikmah, F. (2022). The Relationship of Aksara Jawa as Local Folklore with Moderate and Progressive Islamic Education. Annual International Conference on Islamic Education for Students, 1(1).

Price, H. E., & Smith, C. (2021). Procedures for Reliable Cultural Model Analysis Using Semi-structured Interviews. Field Methods, 33(2), 185–201.

Rahim, S. I. A., Yakob, M. A., & Rahman, F. A. (2016). Talaqqi Method in Teaching and Learning for the Preservation of Islamic Knowledge: Developing the Basic Criteria. In Contemporary Issues and Development in the Global Halal Industry (pp. 313–320). Springer Singapore.

Ridwan, I. (2020). Pendidikan Karakter “JAWARA” . Jurnal Pendidikan Karakter “JAWARA”, 6(1).

Salehuddin, K. (2013). Arabic script of written Malay: Innovative transformations towards a less complex reading process. Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 21, 63–76.

Saputra, H., & Prastyo, H. (2021). Multicultural Education And Society Empowerement Based on Pesantren- Majelis Ta’lim. MIYAH : Jurnal Studi Islam, 17(02).

Seim, J. (2021). Participant Observation, Observant Participation, and Hybrid Ethnography. Sociological Methods & Research, 004912412098620.

Shobirin, M., & Wafiroh, M. (2021). Application of The Circ Learning Model to Improve Student’s Reading and Writing Skills in The Yellow Kitab Subject. SCHOOLAR: Social and Literature Study in Education, 1(2), 84–87.

Sulaiman, M., Ahmad, N., & Ahmad, M. (2022). The Advent of Islam and Its Impact on The Malay Rulers and Legal Systems of The Malay States Before European Colonialization. Penerbit USIM.

Xu, X., Liu, L., Zhang, X., Guan, W., & Hu, R. (2021). Rethinking data collection for person re-identification: active redundancy reduction. Pattern Recognition, 113, 107827.

Yusof, N. H. bin, Razali, M. A. bin M., Omar, N. binti, Abdelgelil, M. F. M., & Hamzah, M. S. bin. (2018). Concept and Execution of Talaqqi and Musyafahah Method in Learning Al-Quran. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 8(11).

Zainal Abidin, M. R., Che Ishak, F. A., Ismail, I. A., & Juhari, N. H. (2020). Modern Malaysian Cuisine: Identity, culture, or modern-day fad? International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science, 21, 100220.

Zainuddin, M. F. (2023). When Tradition Meets Modernity: The Adaptation of Bajau Community in Malaysia Amidst Sociocultural Transformation. Journal of Contemporary Rituals and Traditions, 1(1), 1–10.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Bety Bety, Choirunniswah Choirunniswah, Maryam Maryam

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

UIN Sunan Gunung Djati

Kota Bandung, Jawa Barat
Handphone: +6285961137790


Lisensi Creative Commons

Khazanah Sosial  are licensed under Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International

Click Her For See Stats