Crisis in the Multilateral System: The United Nations Dilemma in the Fallout of Russia's Invasion of Ukraine

M Pasqa(1*), Asep A. Sahid Gatara(2)

(1) Universitas Islam Negeri Bandung, Indonesia
(2) Universitas Islam Negeri Bandung, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


The Russian invasion significantly impacted the multilateral system and global geopolitics order. This research examines the impact of an invasion on the international system ruled by the United Nations and the Security Council in resolving conflicts. This study uses a qualitative technique by utilizing primary and secondary data regarding the analysis of invasion's alignment with principles of sovereignty and territorial integrity, while also highlighting the limitations of the current multilateral system. The invasion could have a negative impact on the multilateral system and create dilemma for resolving conflicts. This has led to serious problems for the whole multilateral system and has made it harder to solve future conflicts through international teamwork. This study proposes an analysis to maintain the multilateral system and reform the Security Council by limiting veto power for better conflict prevention and resolution. The UN Security Council's decision-making and crisis response could be improved by managing the interests of permanent members' veto powers. By investigating the challenges and action solutions to reduce disputes, this study emphasizes the importance of UN members' collective efforts and commitment to maintaining global peace as a national interest and maintaining security in the modern world.


International Politics, Multilateral System, Global Security

Full Text:



A, H., Shafitri, D. N., Ernianda, A., & Putri, A. (2022). Joe Biden Intervention in the Russian Invasion Effort Against Ukraine. WIMAYA, 3(01).

Ade-Ibijola, A. O. (2020). The United Nations Security Council Reforms and The Permanent Five Challenge: A Historical Perspective. Journal of International Studies, 11.

Allin, D. H., & Jones, E. (2022). Sleepwalking to Solidarity? Russia, Ukraine and the European Dream. Survival, 64(3).

Bendix, A. (2022). Constructive Role Ambiguity and How Russia Couldn’t ‘Get Away’ with Its 2022 Ukrainian Invasion. Central European Journal of International and Security Studies, 16(3).

Bin-Nashwan, S. A., Hassan, M. K., & Muneeza, A. (2022). Russia–Ukraine conflict: 2030 Agenda for SDGs hangs in the balance. International Journal of Ethics and Systems.

Bo, H. (2023). Implications of the Ukraine war for China: can China survive secondary sanctions? Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies, 21(2).

Bukar, M. I. (2023). Russia’s War against Ukraine: A Contravention of International Humanitarian Law. American Journal of Society and Law, 2(1).

Cafruny, A., Fouskas, V. K., Mallinson, W. D. E., & Voynitsky, A. (2022). Ukraine, Multipolarity and the Crisis of Grand Strategies. Journal of Balkan and Near Eastern Studies.

Crawford, E. (2014). United Nations General Assembly Resolution on the Territorial Integrity of Ukraine. International Legal Materials, 53(5).

Crozet, M., & Hinz, J. (2021). Friendly fire: The trade impact of the Russia sanctions and counter-sanctions. Economic Policy, 35(101).

Czachor, R. (2021). The Actuality of the Permanent Neutrality of a State in Contemporary International Law. Moscow Journal of International Law, 3.

Fassbender, B. (2018). What’s in a name? The international rule of law and the united nations charter. Chinese Journal of International Law, 17(3).

Gentile, M. (2022). How to lose the information war – Russia, fake news and the future of conflict. Eurasian Geography and Economics, 63(3).

Gifkins, J. (2021). Beyond the veto: Roles in UN security council decision-making. Global Governance, 27(1).

Hunter, R. (2022). The Ukraine Crisis: Why and What Now? Survival, 64(1).

Kaynak, A. B. (2022). Energy Security, Armed Conflict and the limits of Commitment Strategy: EU-Russia Relations and the War in Ukraine. Journal of Applied And Theoretical Social Sciences, 4(4).

Khater, M. (2022). The Legality Of The Russian Military Operations Against Ukraine From The Perspective Of International Law. In Access to Justice in Eastern Europe (Vol. 5, Issue 3).

Kinne, B. J. (2020). The Defense Cooperation Agreement Dataset (DCAD). Journal of Conflict Resolution, 64(4).

Kirby, P. (2022). Why has Russia Invaded Ukraine and What Does Putin Want? BBC News.

Kumari, V., & Pandey, D. K. (2022). What Makes Firms Vulnerable to the Russia–Ukraine Crisis? The Journal of Risk Finance.

Lakomy, M. (2021). The Game of Ukraine: Conflict in Donbass as an Outcome of the Multilayered Rivalry. Politeja, 13(45).

Larionova, M. (2023). G20 at the Critical Juncture. Indonesia’s 2022 Presidency: Internal and External Shocks, Risks of Power Rebalancing and Eventual Demise, Causes of Resilience and Re-Equilibrium. International Organisations Research Journal.

Lichterman, A. (2022). The Peace Movement and the Ukraine War: Where to Now? Journal for Peace and Nuclear Disarmament, 5(1).

Lin, F., Li, X., Jia, N., Feng, F., Huang, H., Huang, J., Fan, S., Ciais, P., & Song, X. P. (2023). The impact of Russia-Ukraine conflict on global food security. Global Food Security, 36.

Machaffie, J. P. (2022). Russian–Chinese Cooperation at the United Nations Security Council: Costly Signalling and Trust Building in the Strategic Partnership. China Report, 58(4).

Mahlstein, K., McDaniel, C., Schropp, S., & Tsigas, M. (2022). Estimating the economic effects of sanctions on Russia: An Allied trade embargo. In World Economy (Vol. 45, Issue 11).

Malenovský, J. (2015). Comments on international legal aspects of the Crimean question in the UN. In Mezinarodni Vztahy (Vol. 50, Issue 3).

Marples, D. R. (2022). Russia’s war goals in Ukraine. Canadian Slavonic Papers, 64(2–3).

Mendez, A., Forcadell, F. J., & Horiachko, K. (2022). Russia–Ukraine crisis: China’s Belt Road Initiative at the crossroads. In Asian Business and Management (Vol. 21, Issue 4).

Mubin, S., & Adha, R. M. (2022). Upaya Perserikatan Bangsa-Bangsa (Pbb) Sebagai Organisasi Internasional Dalam Menengahi Konflik Rusia Dan Ukraina Pada Tahun 2022. Jurnal Pena Wimaya, 2(2).

Muhammad Adam Firdaus. (2022). Pelanggaran Prinsip Ius In Bello Dan Ius Ad Bello Atas Invasi Rusia Terhadap Ukraina. Ganesha Law Review, 4(1).

Murithi, T. (2022). The Failure of the United Nations Security Council in Creating the Framework Conditions for Mediation in the Russia-Ukraine Crisis. Strategic Review for Southern Africa, 44(1).

NEZHYVA, M., & MYSIUK, V. (2022). War in Ukraine: challenges for the global economy. Foreign Trade: Economics, Finance, Law, 121(2).

Ngo, V. M., Huynh, T. L. D., Nguyen, P. V., & Nguyen, H. H. (2022). Public sentiment towards economic sanctions in the Russia–Ukraine war. Scottish Journal of Political Economy, 69(5).

Nick Pay, V., & Postolski, P. (2022). Power and Diplomacy in the United Nations Security Council: The Influence of Elected Members. International Spectator, 57(2).

Nur, M., & Soesilo, G. B. (2022). Russian military operation in Ukraine: analysis from the perspective of International Law. Borobudur Law Review, 4(1).

Olabuenaga, P. A. (2023). G.A. Res. 76/262 on a Standing Mandate for a General Assembly debate when aveto is cast in the Security Council (U.N.). International Legal Materials, 62(2).

Parízek, M. (2023). Worldwide Media Visibility of NATO, the European Union, and the United Nations in Connection to the Russia-Ukraine War. Czech Journal of International Relations / Mezinarodni Vztahy, 58(1).

Parker, R., & Burke, A. (2017). The united nations and global security. In Global Insecurity: Futures of Global Chaos and Governance.

Perbawa, I. K. S. L. P. (2022). The Role of United Nations on War Conflict Between Russia and Ukraine. International Journal of Social Science and Business, 6(4), 496–501.

Qureshi, A., Rizwan, M. S., Ahmad, G., & Ashraf, D. (2022). Russia–Ukraine war and systemic risk: Who is taking the heat? Finance Research Letters, 48.


Schmitt, O. (2020). How to challenge an international order: Russian diplomatic practices in multilateral security organisations. European Journal of International Relations, 26(3).

Schulmann, E., & Galeotti, M. (2021). A tale of two councils: the changing roles of the security and state councils during the transformation period of modern Russian politics. Post-Soviet Affairs, 37(5).

Shah, S. N. A., Majeed, G., Ali, R. A., & Hussain, T. (2022). Russia-Ukraine Crisis and Its Impact on South Asia. Review of Applied Management and Social Sciences, 5(2).

Sinkkonen, V. (2022). A Fleeting Glimpse of Hegemony? The War in Ukraine and The Future of The International Leadership of The United States. Transatlantic Policy Quarterly, 21(1).

Sönmez, A. S., Bıçakçı, H., & Yıldırım, C. (2015). Analysis of Russia-Ukraine relations in context of Crimea problem. International Journal of Social Sciences and Education Research, 1(3).

Totten, S. (2020). United Nations Charter. In The Prevention and Intervention of Genocide.

United Nations. (2022). Russia blocks Security Council action on Ukraine. UN News : Global Perspective Human Stories.

Willett, M. (2022). The Cyber Dimension of the Russia–Ukraine War. Survival, 64(5).

Yenigun, C. M. (2016). Evolution Dilemma of the United Nations. International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science (2147- 4478), 5(1).

Yigzaw, D. A. (2022). The Case for Removing the Security Council’s Powers from the International Criminal Court. International Criminal Law Review.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 M Pasqa and Asep A. Sahid Gatara

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Flag Counter

1th Floor, Building of FISIP

Jl. Raya A.H. Nasution No. 105 Cibiru Kota Bandung, 40614



Lisensi Creative Commons

POLITICON : Jurnal Ilmu Politik  are licensed under Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International