Russia-NATO Strategic Rivalry and Influence Struggle in Eastern Europe in Security and Economy

Syaiful Rohman, Marthen Napang, Siti Nurhasanah

Abstract


Global powers such as NATO, European Union, China and Russia have different characteristics and interests in world politics. Russia after Soviet Union tends to be in a relatively weak position in terms of influence, security and economy. Today Russia's relations with the European Union and the United States have improved after the Cold War. In recent years, Russia and NATO have not only strengthened the economy and security related to the military, but have gone so far as to strengthen the influence of its main State in Eastern Europe. This study will analyze Russia's political policies towards NATO and Eastern Europe from the perspective of security and economic interests. The method used is qualitative by conducting an in-depth study of the data obtained from the results of previous research. The results of this study indicate that Russia and NATO are involved in competing for strategic influence in Eastern Europe, especially Ukraine and the former Soviet Union. Russia and NATO, which is sponsored by the United States, are trying to achieve their respective interests by making efforts to increase strength which includes political, security and economic.


Keywords


Russia vs NATO, strategic rivalry, security and economic interests

Full Text:

PDF

References


Andrei, P. T. (2010). Russia’s Foreign Policy Change and Continuity in National Identity. . . Plymouth: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, inc.

BBC. (2014). http://wwwnews.live.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-25182823. Accessed, Saturday 12 September 2020.

Clarasanti, C. (2019). Strategi Militer Rusia Terhadap Peningkatan Presensi Militer Nato Di Eropa Timur, 2014-2017. Bandar Lampung : Jurusan Hubungan Internasional Fakultas Ilmu Sosial Dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Lampung .

Conley, H. A., Mina, J., & Nguyen, P. (2016). A Rebalanced Transatlantic Policy toward the Asia-Pacific Region. Washington, D.C: Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS).

CIS. (2021). https://cis.minsk.by/site/about-cis. Accessed, Saturday 12 September 2020.

Dragneva, Rilka , & Wolczuk , K. (2013). Eurasian Economic Integration : Law, Policy and Politics. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited.

DW.(2021) https://www.dw.com/id/sanksi-baru-terhadap-rusia-mulai-diterapkan/a-17917673. Accessed, Saturday 12 September 2020.

Federation, M. o. (2010). Energy Strategy of Russia For the Period Up to 2030. Moscow: Moscow: Institute of Energy Strategy.

Friedman, G. ( 2012). The Next Decade : Empire and Republic in A Changing World. New York: Anchor Books.

Hanifah, U. R. (2017). Embargo Ekonomi sebagai Strategi Konfrontasi Uni Eropa terhadap Rusia pada Masa Konflik Ukraina 2013-2015. Jurnal Sospol, Vol 3 No 2 Juli-Desember, 169-195.

Hatzivassiliou, E. (2012). Revisiting NATO's Stabilizing role in South Eastern Europe: The Cold War Experience and the Longue Durée. Southeast European and Black Sea Studies Vol. 12, No. 4.

Hudson, V. (2014). Foreign Policy Analysis: Classic and Contemporary Theory. Plymouth: Rowman & Littlefield. , Pp. 1-73.

Hutabarat, L. F. (2017). Eurasianisme dan Kebijakan Luar Negeri Rusia. in Kementerian Luar Negeri Republik Indonesia.

Kanet, R. E. (2010). Russian Foreign Policy in the 21st Century. New York City: Palgrave Macmillan, Pp. 246-266.

Karpova, A., Karpov, D., & Kruchkov, Y. (2015). Russia's new engineering policy in global politics. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 166, 530 – 535.

Kazantsev, A. A. (2015). Eurasian Perspectives on Regionalism : Central Asia and Beyond”, dalam Piotr Dutkiewicz and Richard Sakwa (Eds), Eurasian Integration – The View from Within. UK: Oxford : Routledge.

Khanna, P. (2016). Connectography : Mapping the Global Network Revolution. London : Weidenfeld & Nicolson.

Kouldunova, E. ( 2016). Russia’s Involvement in Regional Cooperation in East Asia : Opportunities and Limitations of Constructive Engagement. Asian Survey. Vol. 56. Number 3, pp. 532-554.

Kropatcheva, E. (2012). Russian foreign policy in the realm of European security through the lens of neoclassical realism. Journal of Eurasian Studies 3 (2012) , 30–40.

Lukin, Alexander & Yakunin, Vladimir (2018). Eurasian integration and the development of Asiatic Russia, Journal of Eurasian Studies 9 (2018) 100–113

Malle, S. (2017). Russia and China in the 21st century. Moving towards cooperative behaviour. Journal of Eurasian Studies 8, 136–150.

Mau, V. (2016). Anti-crisis measures or structural reforms:Russian economic policy in 2015. Russian Journal of Economics 2 , 1–22.

Myers, S. L. (2015). The New Tsar: The Rise and Reign of Vladimir Putin. Toronto: Penguin Random House.

Nuttalla, W. J., Samaras, C., & Bazilian, M. (2019). Energy and the military: Convergence of security, economic, and environmental decision-making. Energy Strategy Reviews 26 (2019) 100409.

Nurhasanah, Siti., Napang, Marthen., Rohman, Syaiful (2020). Analyzing American Values in Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). International E-Journal of Advances in Social Sciences 5 (15), 1439-1447

Nato (2021). https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/nato_countries.htm. Accessed, Saturday 12 September 2020.

Orttung, R. W., & Overland, I. (2011). A limited toolbox: Explaining the constraints on Russia’s foreign energy policy. Journal of Eurasian Studies 2, 74–85.

Pringgondani, S. (2016). Kebijakan Pertahanan Rusia dan Dampaknya Terhadap NATO. Bandung: Universitas Pasundan.

Putri, Alhayyu Shafira Wahyu (2017). Kepentingan Nasional Rusia Dalam Upaya Pemaksimalan Kekuasaan di Kawasan Eropa Timur, Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Pujayanti, A. (2014). Posisi Rusia dan Perkembangan Krisis Ukraina. Info Singkat hubungan international, Pusat Pengkajian, Pengolahan Data dan Informasi (P3DI) Sekretariat Jenderal DPR RI www.dpr.go.id ISSN 2088-2351 - Vol. VI, No. 13/I/P3DI/Juli/2014.

Quinlivan, James T., and Olga Oliker. (2011). Nuclear Deterrence In Europe: Russian Approaches To A New Environment And Implications For The United States. Santa Monica: RAND Corporation.

Rahyuni, S. (2012). Kebijakan Pertahanan Rusia Dan Dampaknya Terhadap Nato. Makassar: Jurusan Ilmu Hubungan Internasional Fakultas Ilmu Sosial Dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Hasanuddin.

Richterova, J. (2014). NATO-Russia Relations. Background Report, Prazsky Studentsky Summit.

Sidiki, R. R. (2016). Pengaruh Perluasan NATO ke Eropa Timur Terhadap Konflik Ukraina. Bandung: Universitas Pasundan.

Sulastri, A. (2013). Politik Energi Rusia dan Dampaknya terhadap Eropa terkait Sengketa Gas Rusia-Ukraina 2006-2009 . Jurnal analisis hubungan international Vol. 2 - No. 3 / 2013-09 TOC : 3, 33 - 57.

Svarin, D. (2016). The construction of ‘geopolitical spaces’ in Russian foreign policy discourse before and after the Ukraine crisis. Journal of Eurasian Studies 7, 129–140.

Wolff, A. (2015). The Future of NATO Enlagerment After the Ukraine Crisis. International Affair,, 91(5).

Yakovlev, A. (2016). What is Russia trying to defend? Russian Journal of Economics 2, 146–161.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15575/politicon.v3i1.9678

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Syaiful Rohman, Marthen Napang, Siti Nurhasanah

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Politicon: Jurnal Ilmu Politik received a Sinta 3 assessment based on the results of the Accreditation Number: No. 200 / M / KPT / 2020 (SINTA 3)

Flag Counter


1th Floor, Building of FISIP

Jl. Raya A.H. Nasution No. 105 Cibiru Kota Bandung, 40614

E-mail: journalpoliticon@uinsgd.ac.id

 

Lisensi Creative Commons

POLITICON : Jurnal Ilmu Politik  are licensed under Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International