Pemaknaan Pengalaman Bahagia pada Orang Islam

Diana Elfida(1*), Winarini Wilman D. Mansoer(2), Mirra Noor Milla(3), Bagus Takwin(4)

(1) UIN Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau,  
(2) Universitas Indonesia,  
(3) Universitas Indonesia,  
(4) Universitas Indonesia,  
(*) Corresponding Author


Two philosophical perspectives on the good life, namely hedonic and eudaimonic, have become references for experts to explain how people understand happiness in Western societies with individualistic culture and the majority of Christians. This descriptive phenomenological study aimed to understand the happiness experiences of a collectivistic Muslim society. The participants in this study were nine Muslims, consists of male and female who were known as religious persons by their relatives. The results of data analysis shows that happiness for a Muslim is a process that provides experiences in overcoming problems and life's trials based on religious guidance. These experiences lead participants to a meaning of happiness as shown by three main themes, namely a sense of being able to overcome problems with acceptance and gratitude, life satisfaction in sufficiency, and a sense of worth for the accomplishment with hard work. The results of this study explain that happiness is a dynamic process that is greatly influenced by persons' understanding and belief in religion.


religion, happiness, satisfaction with sufficiency, sense of worth for the accomplishment, sense of problem solving ability

Full Text:



Abdel-khalek, A. M. (2010). Quality of life, subjective well-being, and religiosity in Muslim college students. 1133–1143.

Abdel-khalek, A. M. (2011). Subjective well-being and religiosity in egyptian college students’. 71962, 54–58.

Abu Raiya, H., & Pargament, K. I. (2010). Religiously integrated psychotherapy with Muslim clients: From research to practice. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 41(2), 181–188.

Al-Attas, S. M. N. (1995). Prolegomena to the metaphysics of Islam. PROSPECTA (M) SDN, BHD.

Al-Ghazzali. (2010). The alchemy of happiness. Cosimo Classics.

Al-Jauziyyah, I. Q. (2004). Kunci kebahagiaan. AKBAR MEDIA EKA SARANA.

Al-Naggar, R. A., Al-Jashamy, K. A., Yun, L. W., Isa, Z. M., Alsaror, M. Izidin, & Al-Naggar, A.-G. A. (2010). Perceptions and opinion of happiness among university students in a Malaysian university. ASEAN Journal of Psychiatry, 11(12), XX XX.

Anggraheni, D. A. (2016). Fenomena perceraian: Makna kebahagiaan dalam sudut pandang single mother. Seminar ASEAN 2nd Psychology & Humanity, 122–127.

Baeke, G., Wils, J., Broeckaert, B. (2012). “Be patient and grateful”- Elderly muslim women’s responses to illness and suffering. Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling, 66(3), 1-9.

Barber, M. D. (2016). The religious finite province of meaning and suffering. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology, 36(2), 100-114.

Bauer, J. J., McAdams, D. P., & Pals, J. L. (2008). Narrative identity and eudaimonic well-being. Journal of Happiness Studies, 9(1), 81–104.

Bojanowska, A., & Zalewska, A. M. (2016). Lay understanding of happiness and the experience of well-being: Are some conceptions of happiness more beneficial than others?. Journal of Happiness Studies, 17, 793–815.

Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3, 77–101.

Braun, Virginia, & Clarke, V. (2012). Thematic analysis. Dalam H. Cooper (Ed.), APA handbook of research methods in psychology (volume 2) (pp. 57–72). American Psychological Association.

Camfield, L., Choudhury, K., & Devine, J. (2009). Well-being, happiness and why relationships matter: Evidence from bangladesh. Journal of Happiness Studies, 10, 71–91.

Chen, S. Y., & Lu, L. (2009). After-school time use in Taiwan: Effects on educational achievement and well-being. Adolescence, 44, 891–909.

Creswell, J. W. (2014). Penelitian kualitatif & desain riset (3rd ed.). Pustaka Pelajar.

D’raven, L., & Pasha-Zaidi, N. (2016). Using the PERMA model in the United Arab Emirates. Social Indicators Research, 125(3), 905–933.

Datu, J. A. D., & Valdez, J. P. M. (2012). Exploring Filipino adolescents’ conception of happiness. International Journal of Research Studies in Psychology, 1(3), 21–29.

Diener, E. (1984). Subjective well-being. Psychological Bulletin, 95(3), 542–575.

Diener, E., Seligman, M. E. P., Choi, H., & Oishi, S. (2018). Happiest people revisited.

Diener, E., Tay, L., & Myers, D. G. (2011). The religion paradox: If religion makes people happy, why are so many dropping out ?, 101(6), 1278–1290.

Dittmar, H., Bond, R., Hurst, M., & Kasser, T. (2014). The relationship between materialism and personal well-being: A meta-analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 107(5), 879–924.

Dodge, R., Daly, A., Huyton, J., & Sanders, L. (2012). The challenge of defining wellbeing. International Journal of Wellbeing, 2(3), 222–235.

Fitzpatrick, S. J., Kerridge, I. H., Jordens, C. F. C., Zoloth, L., Tollefsen, C., Lekshe, K., Jensen, M. P., Sachedina, A., & Sarma, D. (2016). Religious perspectives on human suffering: Implications for medicine and bioethics. Journal of Religion and Health, 55, 159–173.

Flannelly, K. J., Galek, K., Ellison, C. G., & Koenig, H. G. (2010). Beliefs about god, psychiatric symptoms, and evolutionary psychiatry. Journal of Religion and Health, 49(2), 246–261.

Ford, B. Q., Dmitrieva, J. O., Heller, D., Chentsova-Dutton, Y., Grossmann, I., Tamir, M., Uchida, Y., Koopmann-Holm, B., Floerke, V. a, Uhrig, M., Bokhan, T., & Mauss, I. B. (2015). Culture shapes whether the pursuit of happiness predicts higher or lower well-being. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 144(6), 1053–1062.

Gull, F., & Dawood, S. (2013). Religiosity and subjective well-being amongst institutionalized elderly in Pakistan. Health Promotion Perspectives, 3(1), 124–128.

Hafiza, S., & Mawarpury, M. (2018). Pemaknaan kebahagiaan oleh remaja broken home. Psympathic: Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi, 5(1), 59–66.

Hamdan, A. (2007). A case study of a Muslim client: Incorporating religious beliefs and practices. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 35(2), 92–100.

Hammer, J. H., & Cragun, R. T. (2019). Daily spiritual experiences and well-being among the nonreligious, spiritual, and religious: A bifactor analysis. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 11(4), 463–473.

Headey, B., & Wearing, A. (1989). Personality, life events, and subjective well-being: Toward a dynamic equilibrium model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57(4), 731-739.

Hemberg, J. (2017). Experiencing deeper dimensions of gratitude, well-being and meaning in life after suffering. International Journal of Caring Sciences, 10(1), 10–17.

Herdiansyah, H. (2015). Metodologi penelitian kualitatif untuk ilmu psikologi. Penerbit Salemba Humanika.

Hofstede, G. (2001). Culture’s consequences: Comparing values, behaviors, institutions, and organizations across nations (2nd Editio). SAGE Publication, Inc.

Holyoak, D. L., Fife, S. T., & Hertlein, K. M. (2020). Clients’ perceptions of marriage and family therapists’ way-of-being: A phenomenological analysis. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 47, 85–103.

Howitt, D. (2010). Introduction to qualitative methods in psychology. Pearson Education Limited.

Hudders, L., & Pandelaere, M. (2012). The silver lining of materialism: The Impact of luxury consumption on subjective well-being. Journal of Happiness Studies, 13(3), 411–437.

Joshanloo, M. (2013). A comparison of western and Islamic conceptions of happiness. Journal of Happiness Studies, 14(6), 1857–1874.

Joshanloo, M. (2014a). Differences in the endorsement of various conceptions of well-being between two Iranian groups. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 6(2), 138–149.

Joshanloo, M. (2014b). Eastern conceptualizations of happiness: Fundamental differences with western views. Journal of Happiness Studies, 15(2), 475–493.

Joshanloo, M., & Daemi, F. (2015). Self-esteem mediates the relationship between spirituality and subjective well-being in Iran. International Journal of Psychology, 50(2), 115–120.

Joshanloo, M., & Jarden, A. (2016). Individualism as the moderator of the relationship between hedonism and happiness: A study in 19 nations. Personality and Individual Differences, 94, 149–152.

Joshanloo, M., Weijers, D., Jiang, D.-Y., Han, G., Bae, J., Pang, J. S., Ho, L. S., Ferreira, M. C., Demir, M., Rizwan, M., Khilji, I. A., Achoui, M., Asano, R., Igarashi, T., Tsukamoto, S., Lamers, S. M. A., Turan, Y., Sundaram, S., Yeung, V. W. L., … Natalia, A. (2015). Fragility of happiness beliefs across 15 national groups. Journal of Happiness Studies, 16(5), 1185–1210.

Kahija, Y. F. La. (2017). Penelitian penomenologis. Penerbit PT Kanisius.

Kelak, J. A., Cheah, W. L., & Safii, R. (2018). Patient’s decision to disclose the use of traditional and complementary medicine to medical doctor: A descriptive phenomenology study. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2018.

Krauss, S. E., Hamzah, A. H., Suandi, T., Noah, S. M., Juhari, R., Manap, J. H., Mastor, K. A., Kassan, H., & Mahmood, A. (2006). Exploring regional differences in religiosity among muslim youth in Malaysia. Review of Religious Research, 47(3), 238–253.

Lu, L. & Gilmour, R. (2004). Culture and conceptions of happiness: Individual oriented and social oriented SWB. Journal of Happiness Studies, 5, 269–29.

Liu, W., & Liu, J. (2021). Living with COVID-19: A phenomenological study of hospitalised patients involved in family cluster transmission.

Maulana, H., Khawaja, N., & Obst, P. (2019). Development and validation of the Indonesian well-being scale. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 22(3), 268-280.

Maulana, H., Obst, P., & Khawaja, N. (2018). Indonesian perspective of wellbeing: A qualitative study. Qualitative Report, 23(12), 3136–3152.

Miesen, H. (2009, June 11-13). “Love is all you need”: Social relatedness needs, materialism, and subjective well-being. Happiness and Relational Goods Conference, Venezia.

Momtaz, Y. A., Ibrahim, R., Hamid, T. A., & Yahaya, N. (2010). Mediating effects of social and personal religiosity on the psychological well being of widowed elderly people. Omega, 61(2), 145–162.

Musofa, Casmini, & Sutrisno. (2019). Pencarian makna hidup siswa dari keluarga miskin di kabupaten Wonosobo. Psympathic: Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi, 6(1), 85-98.

Pals, J. L. (2006). Narrative identity processing of difficult life experiences: Pathways of personality development and positive self-transformation in adulthood. Journal of Personality, 74(August 2006), 1079–1110.

Park, C. L. (2005a). Religion and meaning. Dalam R. F. Paloutzian & C. L. Park (Eds.), Handbook of the psychology of religion and spirituality (pp. 295–314). The Guilford Press.

Park, C. L. (2005b). Religion as a meaning-making framework in coping with life stress. Journal of Social Issues, 61(4), 707–729.

Park, N. S., Lee, B. S., Sun, F., Klemmack, D. L., Roff, L. L., & Koenig, H. G. (2013). Typologies of religiousness/ spirituality: Implications for health and well-being. Journal of Religion and Health, 52, 828–839.

Patnani, M. (2012). Kebahagiaan pada perempuan. Jurnal Psikogenesis, 1(1), 56–64.

Perry, B. G. F. (1998). The relationship between faith and well-being. Journal of Religion & Health, 37(2), 125–137.

Perveen, A., Mehmood, B., & Yasin, M. G. (2017). Materialism and life satisfaction in Muslim youth: Role of gratitude and religiosity. Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research, 32(1), 231–245.

Pflug, J. (2009). Folk theories of happiness: A cross-cultural comparison of conceptions of happiness in Germany and South Africa. Social Indicators Research, 92, 551–563.

Putri, E. W. (2018). Konsep kebahagiaan dalam perspektif Al-Farabi. THAQÃFIYYÃT, 19(1), 95–111.

Qasmi, F. N., & Jahangir, F. (2011). Development and validation of a multidimensional religiosity scale for muslims. FWU Journal of Social Sciences, 4(2), 99–110.

Rosequist, L., Wall, K., Corwin, D., Achterberg, J., & Koopman, C. (2012). Surrender as a form of active acceptance among breast cancer survivors receiving psycho-spiritual integrative therapy. Support Care Cancer, 20, 2821–2827.

Ryff, C. (1989). Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57(6), 1069–1081.

Sanghani, J., Upadhyay, U., & Sharma, S. (2013). Positive psychology intervention in education well-being and achievement. Indian Journal of Positive Psychology, 4(2), 251–257.

Seligman, M. E. P. (2012). Flourish (2nd ed.). Random House Australia Pty, Ltd.

Snoep, L. (2008). Religiousness and happiness in three nations: A research note. Journal of Happiness Studies, 9(2), 207–211.

Sotgiu, I., Galati, D., Manzano, M., & Rognoni, E. (2011). Happiness components and their attainment in old age: A cross-cultural comparison between Italy and Cuba. Journal of Happiness Studies, 12(3), 353–371.

Stavrova, O., Fetchenhauer, D., & Schlösser, T. (2013). Why are religious people happy? The effect of the social norm of religiosity across countries. Social Science Research, 42(1), 90–105.

Sullivan, D., Landau, M. J., Kay, A. C., & Rothschild, Z. K. (2012). Collectivism and the meaning of suffering. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 103(6), 1023–1039.

Uchida, Y., & Oishi, S. (2016). The happiness of individuals and the collective. Japanese Psychological Research, 58(1), 125–141.

Upadhyaya, C. (2014). A study of the effect of marital status, employment status and religion on psychological well being of Hindu and Muslim females. Indian Journal of Positive Psychology, 5(2), 145–149.

Walker, C. O., Winn, T. D., & Lutjens, R. M. (2012). Examining relationships between academic and social achievement goals and routes to happiness. Education Research International, 2012.

Zawadzka, A. M., Kosakowska-Berezecka, N., & Niesiobędzka, M. (2016). Self-esteem, readiness for self-improvement and life satisfaction in Indian and Polish female students. Polish, 47(2), 179–185.



  • There are currently no refbacks.


View My Stats

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.