Kasus Perundungan Anak di Jawa Barat: Temuan Awal Children’s Worlds Survey di Indonesia

Ihsana Sabriani Borualogo, Erlang Gumilang

Abstract


This study aimed to describe the rate of bullying cases on children age 8, 10, and 12 year-olds in 27 Kota/Kabupaten in West Java. There were 22,616 children age 8, 10, and 12 year-olds who participated in this survey. This survey used stratified cluster random sampling to get a representative sample. Bullying actions were measured by reported frequency of experiencing being bullied physically and verbally by siblings and being bullied physically, verbally, and psychologically by other children at school last month. The highest rate was children reported being bullied physically by siblings and being bullied verbally by other children at school.  Results show differences on age and gender on types of bullying. Bullying is a serious problem that needs to be taken into account to stop bullying cases in West Java.


Keywords


bullying, children, West Java, Children’s Worlds Survey

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arseneault, L., Bowes, L., Shakoor, S. (2009). Bullying victimization in youths and mental healths problems: ‘Much ado abouth nothing’?. Pscyhological Medicine, 40(5), 717-729.

Borualogo, IS., Gumilang, E., Mubarak, A., Khasanah, A., Wardati, MA., Diantina, FP., Permataputri, I., & Casas, F. (2018). Process of translation of the Children’s Worlds Subjective Well-Being Scale in Indonesia. Social and Humaniora Research Symposium, 307, 180-183. Retrieved from https://www.atlantis-press.com/proceedings/sores-18/55915312

Casas, F. (2016). Children, adolescents and quality of life: the social sciences perspective over two decades. In filomena maggino (eds). A life devoted to quality of life. Festschrift in honor of Alex c. Michalos. (pp. 3-21). Dordrecht: Springer Publisher.

Casas, F., Gonzalez, M., Navarro, D., Aligue, M. (2013). Children as advisers of their researchers: Assuming a different status for children. Child Indicator Research, 6, 193-212.

Chen, Ji-Kang., & Wei, His-Sheng. (2011). The impact of school violence on self-esteem and depression among Taiwanese Junior High School Students. Social Indicators Research, 100(3), 479-498. doi.org/10.1007/s11205-010-9625-4

Dombrowski, S. C., & Gischlar, K. L. (2006). Supporting school professionals through the establishment of a school district policy on child maltreatment. Education, 127(2), 234-243.

Dunn, J. (2002). Sibling relationships. In P. K. Smith & C. H. Hart (Eds.), Childhood social development, 223–237. Oxford: Blackwell.

Eriksen S., & Jensen, V.A. (2009). A push or a punch: distinguishing the severity of sibling violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 24, 183-208.

Espelage, D.L., & Swearer, S.M. (2003). Research on school bullying and victimization: what have we learned and where do we go from here? School Psychology Review, 32(3), 365-383.

Fikri, Dimas Andhika. (2018). 4 kasus bullying paling menggemparkan di Indonesia, korbannya ada yang meninggal. Retrieved from https://lifestyle.okezone.com/read/2018/05/04/196/1894566/4-kasus-bullying-paling-menggemparkan-di-indonesia-korbannya-ada-yang-meninggal

Gini, G., & Pozzoli, T. (2013). Bullied children and psychosomatic problems: A meta-analysis. Journal of Pediatrics, 132(4), 720-729. Retrieved from http://http//pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/132/4/720

Kementerian Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional (Bappenas) dan United Nations Children’s Fund. (2017). Laporan Baseline SDG tentang Anak-Anak di Indonesia Jakarta: BAPPENAS dan UNICEF.

Kim, Y. S., Koh, Y., & Leventhal, B. (2005). School bullying and suicidal risk in Korean middle school students. Pediatrics, 115, 357–363.

Lenci, M., & Matuga, J. (2010). The lifetime bully: Investigating the relationship between adolescent bullying and depression in early adulthood. Journal of School Counseling, 8(7), 7-7.

Martin K., Huebner E. S., & Valois, R. F. (2008). Does life satisfaction predict victimization experiences in adolescence? Psychology in the Schools, 45, 705–714. doi.org/10.1002/pits.20336

Musu-Gillette, L., Zhang, A., Wang, K., Zhang, J., and Oudekerk, B.A. (2017). Indicators of school crime and safety: 2016 (NCES 2017-064/NCJ 250650). National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Department of Education, and Bureau of Justice Statistics, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Washington, DC. Retrieved from https://nces.ed.gov/pubs2017/2017064.pdf.

Novianto, R.D. (2018). Catatan KPAI bidang pendidikan: Kasus bullying paling banyak. Retrieved from https://nasional.sindonews.com/read/1324346/15/catatan-kpai-bidang-pendidikan-kasus-bullying-paling-banyak-1532346331

Olweous, D. (1997). Bully/victim problems in school: Facts and intervention. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 12 (4), 495-510.

Pennington, K. (2018). David Beckham tackles bullying and violence in Indonesian schools. Retrieved from https://www.reuters.com/article/us-indonesia-education-celebrities/david-beckham-tackles-bullying-and-violence-in-indonesian-schools-idUSKBN1H4235

Perren, S., Ettekal, I., & Ladd, G. (2013). The impact of peer victimization on later maladjustment: Mediating and moderating effects of hostile and self-blaming attributions. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 54(1), 46-55. Doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1111%2Fj.1469-7610.2012.02618.x

Savahl, S., Montserrat, C., Casas, F., Adams, S., Tiliouine, H., Benninger, E., Jackson, K. (2018). Children’s experiences of bullying victimization and the influence on subjective well-being: a multinational comparison. Child Development, 00, (00), 1-18.

Sindo Weekly (2017). Indonesia tempati posisi tertinggi perundungan di ASEAN. Retrieved from https://nasional.sindonews.com/read/1223442/15/indonesia-tempati-posisi-tertinggi-perundungan-di-asean-1500880739

Syed, N. (2018). How can school curb bullying. Retrieved from https://www.theeducatoronline.com/asia/news/how-can-schools-curb-bullying/246896

Tanrikulu, I., & Campbell, M.A. (2015). Sibling bullying perpetration: Associations with gender, grade, peer perpetration, train anger, and moral disengagement. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 30(6), 1010-1024.

Tiliouine, Habib. (2015). School bullying victimisation and subjective well-being in Algeria. Child Indicators Research, 8(1), 133-150.

U.S. Department of Education (2016). Student Reports of Bullying: Results from the 2015 school crime supplement to the National Crime Victimization Survey. Retrieved from https://nces.ed.gov/pubs2017/2017015.pdf.

Varela, J. J., Zimmerman, M. A., Ryan, A. M., Stoddard, S. A., Heinze, J. E., & Alfaro, J. (2017). Life satisfaction school satisfaction, and school violence: A mediation analysis for Chilean adolescent victims and perpetrators. Child Indicators Research, 11(2), 487–505. doi.org/10.1007/s12187-016-9442-7

Wang, J., Iannotti, R.J., & Nansel, T.R. (2009). School bullying among adolescents in the United States: physical, verbal, relational, and cyber. Journal of Adolescent Health. 45, 368-375.

Wolke, D., Woods, S., Bloomfield, L., & Karstadt, L. (2000). The association between direct and relational bullying and behaviour problems among primary school children. Journal of Child Psychology, 41(8), 989-1002.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15575/psy.v6i1.4439

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


web
stats

View My Stats

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.