Dengki, Bersyukur dan Kualitas Hidup Orang yang Mengalami Psikosomatik

Ila Nurlaila Hidayat, Witrin Gamayanti


This study aims to determine the correlation of envy and gratitude to the quality of life of people who experience psychosomatic. The research uses correlational quantitative methods. The research subjects consisted of 106 students who experienced psychosomatic disorders. Measuring instruments used the Islamic Envy Scale (IES) and the Islamic Gratitude Scale (IGS) which are constructed based on the concept of envy and gratitude according to Al-Ghazali, as well as the WHO quality of life scale that was adapted. The results of multiple linear regression tests show that envy and gratitude have a significant correlation to the quality of life. More specifically, envy does not have negative correlation with the quality of life, while gratitude has positive correlation to the quality of life of people who experience psychosomatic.


envy, gratitude, quality of life, psychosomatic

Full Text:



Al-Ghazali. (2016). Ihya ulumuddin. Bandung: Marja.

Althaus, B., Borasio, G. D., & Bernard, M. (2018). Gratitude at the end of life: A promising lead for palliative care. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 21(11).

Barsky, A. J., Orav, E. J.., & Bates, D. W. (2005). Somatization increases medical utilization and costs independent of psychiatric and medical comorbidity. Archives of General Psychiatry, 62(8):903-10. DOI: 10.1001/archpsyc.62.8.903.

Carr, A. (2004). Positive psychology: The science of happiness and human strength. New York: Brunner-Routledge.

Chibnall, J. T. & Tait, R. C. (2015). The psychosomatic symptom checklist revisited: Reliability and validity in a chronic pain population. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 12, (3), 297-307. DOI: 10.1007/BF00844873.

Chinawa, J. M., Nwokocha, A. R. C., Manyike, P. C., Chinawa, A. T., Aniwada, E. C., & Ndukuba, A. C. (2016). Psychosomatic problems among medical students: A myth or reality? International Journal of Mental Health Systems, 10(72). doi: 10.1186/s13033-016-0105-3

Compton, W. C. (2005). Introduction to positive psychology. Belmont, CA: Thomson/ Wadsworth.

Diener, E., Lucas, R. E., & Oishi, S. (2005). Subjective well-being: The science of happiness and life satisfaction. Handbook of Positive Psychology. New York: Oxford University Press.

Dunn, D. S. (2017). Positive psychology: Established and emerging issues. New York: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group.

Ebrahimi, L., Masoumi, M., Hojjati, A., Firozjaie, R. A., & Abdi, M. (2017). Comparing the quality of life and emotional intelligence among patients with psychosomatic disease (type 2 diabetes) and healthy individuals. NeuroQuantology, 15(3), 12-19. doi: 10.14704/nq.2017.15.3.1097.

Everly, Jr. G. S. & Lating, J. M. (2002). A clinical guide to the treatment of the human stress response, second edition. New York: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Ghalesefidi, M. J., Maghsoudi, J., & Pouragha, B. (2019). Effectiveness of gratitude on psychological well-being and quality of life among hospitalized substance abuse patients. Electronic Journal of General Medicine, 16(2):em128. DOI:

Hafez, A. A., Tavassoli, E., Hasanzadeh, A., Reisi, M., Javadzade, S. H., & Imanzad, M. (2013). Quality of life in peptic ulcer patients referring to Al-Zahra Hospital of Isfahan Iran. Gastroenterology and Hepatology from Bed to Bench, RIGLD, Research Institute for Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases.

Hambali, A., Meiza, A., & Fahmi, I. (2015). Faktor-faktor yang berperan dalam kebersyukuran (gratitude) pada orangtua anak berkebutuhan khusus perspektif psikologi islam. Psympathic, Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi, 2(1), 94-101.

Kane, P. P. (2009). Stress causing psychosomatic illness among nurses. Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 13(1), 28–32. doi: 10.4103/0019-5278.50721.

Kementerian Kesehatan (Kemenkes) Republik Indonesia. (2018). Hasil Utama Riskedas 2018. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan.

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2019). Layanan kesehatan jiwa bergerak ramaikan pameran rakerkesnas. Retrieved from pada 23 Februari 2019.

Kok, B. E., Coffey, K. A., Cohn, M. A., Catalino, L. I., Vacharkulksemsuk, T., Algoe, S. B., Brantley, M., & Fredrickson, B. L. (2013). How positive emotions build physical health: Perceived positive social connections account for the upward spiral between positive emotions and vagal tone. Psychological Science, 24(7), 1123-1132. DOI: 10.1177/0956797612470827.

Neuman, W. L. (2000). Social research methods: Qualitative and quantitative approaches. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Ohrnbergera, J., Ficherab, E., & Suttona, M. (2017). The relationship between physical and mental health: A mediation analysis. Social Science & Medicine, 195(2017), 42-49.

Parrot, W. G. & Smith, R. H. (1993). Distinguishing the experiences of envy and jealousy. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 64(6), 906-920.

Poelker, K. E., Gibbons, J. L., Maxwell, C. A., & Elizondo-Quintanilla, I. L. (2017). Envy, gratitude, and well-being among Guatemalan adolescents with scarce economic resources. International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation, 6(4), 209-226.

Retnowati, S. (2011). Psikolog puskesmas: Kebutuhan dan tantangan bagi profesi psikolog klinis Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Santoso, S. (2012). Aplikasi SPSS pada statistik parametrik. Jakarta: PT. Elex Media Komputindo.

Scott, E. (2018). How to handle a stress-related psychosomatic illness. Retrieved from pada 23 Februari 2019.

Silvares, M. R. C., Fortes, M. R. P., & Miot, H. A. (2011). Quality of life in chronic urticaria: A survey at Public University Outptient Clinic, Botucatu (Brazil). Rev Assoc Med Bras, 57(5), 565-569.

Smith, R. H. & Kim, S. H. (2007). Comprehending envy. Psychological Bulletin, 133, 46-64.

Snyder, C. R. & Lopez, S. J. (2002). Handbook of positive psychology. New York: Oxford University Press.

Sturgeon, J. A. (2014). Psychological therapies for the management of chronic pain. Psychology Research and Behavior Management, 10(7), 115-24. doi: 10.2147/PRBM.S44762.

Suciu, M., & Cristescu, C. (2017). Psychosomatic interrelations in cardiovascular diseases and their consequences on patient’s quality of life. Retrieved from

Turk, D. C., Audette, J., Levy, R. M., Mackey, S. C., & Stanos, S. (2010). Assessment and treatment of psychosocial comorbidities in patients with neuropathic pain. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 85(3 Suppl), S42-S50. doi: 10.4065/mcp.2009.0648

Valikhani, A., Ahmadnia, F., Karimi, A., & Mills, P. J. (2019). The relationship between dispositional gratitude and quality of life: The mediating role of perceived stress and mental health. Personality and Individual Differences, 141, 40-46.

White, J., Hopkins, R. O., Glissmeyer, E. W., Kitterman, N., & Elliott, C. G. (2006). Cognitive, emotional, and quality of life outcomes in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension. Respiratory Research, Doi: 10.1186/1465-9921-7-55.

World Health Organization (WHO). (1997). Programme on mental health: WHOQOL measuring quality of life. Division of Mental Health and Prevention of Substance Abuse.

World Health Organization. (2001). The world health report 2001, mental health: new understanding, new hope. 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland.

Xiang, Y., Zhao, S. Wang, H., Wu, Q., Kong, F., & Mo, L. (2017). Examining brain structures associated with dispositional envy and the mediation role of emotional intelligence. Scientific Reports, 7:39947. DOI: 10.1038/srep39947.

Yildirim, M., & Alanazi, Z. S. (2018). Gratitude and life satisfaction: Mediating role of perceived stress. International Journal of Psychological Studies, 10(3), 21-28. doi:10.5539/ijps.v10n3p21.

Zboralski, K., Florkowski, A., Bogusz-Talarowska, Marian, M., & Piotr, G. (2008). Quality of life and emotional functioning in selected psychosomatic diseases. Postepy Hig Med Dosw. (Online), 2008(62), 36-41.



  • There are currently no refbacks.


View My Stats

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.