Culture Shock sebagai Mediator antara Kepribadian Reformer terhadap Sojourner Adjustment

Ujam Jaenudin, Dadang Sahroni, Zulmi Ramdani


This study was conducted to determine the role of culture shock as a mediator between personality reformers and sojourner adjustment. The quantitative research design was used in this study of Muslim students from the Pattani province in Southern Thailand who were studying in Bandung. Respondents involved in this study were 225 people selected using saturated sampling techniques. Data were collected by distributing questionnaires containing 3 measuring tools that have been modified by the author including reformer personality scale, sojourner adjustment scale, and culture shock scale. Data analysis using SEM (Structural Equation Modeling). This study concludes that the theoretical model of the role of reformer personality on sojourner adjustment through cultural shock mediators is fit with empirical data. Structural analysis shows that cultural shock is a significant mediator variable on the influence of reformer personality on sojourner adjustment.


culture shock, pattani Muslim students, reformer personality, sojourner adjustment

Full Text:



Amrullah, S., Tae, L. F., Irawan, F. I., Ramdani, Z., & Prakoso, B. H. (2018). Studi sistematik aspek kreativitas dalam konteks pendidikan. Psympathic : Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi, 5(2), 187-200.

Chang, Y. C. (1997). Cross-cultural adjustment of expatriates: Theory & research findings on American and Japanese expatriates. Seoul Journal of Bussiness, 3(1), 147-167.

Chang, E. C., Lin, N. J., Herringshaw, A. J., Sanna, L. J., Fabian, C. G., Perera, M. J., & Marchenko, V. V. (2011). Understanding the link between perfectionism and adjustment in college students: Examining the role of maximizing. Personality and Individual Differences, 50(7), 1074-1078.

Choi, S. hee, & Fu, X. (2018). Hosting friends and family as a sojourner in a tourism destination. Tourism Management, 67, 47-58.

Eisenchlas, S. A., Schalley, A. C., Qi, G. Y., & Tsai, P. S. (2019). Home and away: Implications of short-term sojourning of young Australian bilinguals. Lingua, 102673.

Fahmi, I., & Ramdani, Z. (2014). Profil kekuatan karakter dan kebajikan pada mahasiswa berprestasi. Psympathic : Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi, 1(1), 98–108.

Furham, A. (2012). Culture shock. Journal of Psychology and Education, 7(1), 9-22.

Halim, H., Bakar, H. A., & Mohamad, B. (2014). Expatriate adjustment: Validating multicultural personality trait among self-initiated academic expatriates. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 155, 123-129.

Hofhuis, J., Hanke, K., & Rutten, T. (2019). Social network sites and acculturation of international sojourners in the Netherlands: The mediating role of psychological alienation and online social support. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 69, 120-130.

Hu, S., Liu, H., Zhang, S., & Wang, G. (2020). Proactive personality and cross-cultural adjustment: Roles of social media usage and cultural intelligence. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 74, 42-57.

Hurley, K. V., & Dobson, T.E. (1993). My best self-using the enneagram to free the soul. Harper.

Johanna, E., Butler, N. J. & Joshi, C. (2008). The relationship among perfectionism, accultration and stress in Asian international students. Journal of College Counseling, 11(2), 147-158.

Kaur, K., & Kaur, J. (2011). Perpectionism and procrastination: Cross cultural perspective. FWU Journal of Social Sciences, 5(1), 34-50.

Kim, Y. Y. (2001). Becoming intercultural, an integrative theory of communication and cross-cultural adaptation. Sage Publication.

Magala, S. (2003). Cross-cultural competence. Routledge.

Mumford, D. B. (2000). Culture shock among youth British volunteers working abroad: Predictors, risk factors and outcome. Transcultural Psychiatry, 37(1),73-87.

North, P., & Tripp, H. (2009). Culture shock! A survival guide to custome and etiquette Saudi Arabia. Marshall Cavendish.

Pedersen, E. R., Neighbors, C., Larimer, M. E., & Lee, C. M. (2011). Measuring sojourner adjustment among American students studying abroad. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 35(6), 881-889.

Presbitero, A. (2016). Culture shock and reverse culture shock: The moderating role of cultural intelligence in international students’ adaptation. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 53, 28-38.

Pyvis, D., & Chapman, A. (2005). Culture shock and the international student offshore. Journal of Research in International Education, 4(1), 23-42.

Rice, K. G. & Mirzadeh, S. A. (2000). Perfectionism, attachment, and adjustment. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 47(2), 238-250.

Riso, D. R., & Hudson, R. (2000). Understanding the enneagram: The practical guide to personality types. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Schneiders, A. A. (1964). Personal adjustment and mental health. Rinehart and Winston.

Shu, F., McAbee, S. T., & Ayman, R. (2017). The HEXACO personality traits, cultural intelligence, and international student adjustment. Personality and Individual Differences, 106, 21-25.

Suhardi, D. A. (2010). Beberapa konsekuensi situasi mediasi sempurna pada struktur korelasi, kontribusi mediator, dan ukuran sampel. Jurnal Matematika, Sains, dan Teknologi, 10(1), 10-29.

Thompson, L. K. (2015). How mental health, sojourner adjustment, and drinking motives impact alcohol-related consequences for college students studying abroad (Dissertation unpublished). Syracuse University.

Thomson, G., Rosenthal, D., & Russell J. (2006). Cultural stress among international students at an Australian university. Australian International Education Conference, 10, 1-8.

van Niejenhuis, C., Otten, S., & Flache, A. (2018). Sojourners’ second language learning and integration. The moderating effect of multicultural personality traits. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 63, 68-79.

Wade, C., & Tavris, C. (2007). Psikologi. Erlangga.

Ward, C. A., Leong, C. H. & Low, M. (2004). Personality and sojourner adjustment; an exploration of the big five and the cultural fit proposition. Journal of Cross-cultural Psychology, 35(2), 137-151.

Ward, C., & Rana-Deuba, A. (2000). Home and host culture influences on sojourner adjustment. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 24(3), 291-306.

Xia, J. (2009). Analysis of impact of culture shock in individual psychology. International Journal of Psychological Studies, 1(2), 97-101.

Yang, Y., Zhang, Y., & Sheldon, K. M. (2018). Self-determined motivation for studying abroad predicts lower culture shock and greater well-being among international students: The mediating role of basic psychological needs satisfaction. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 63, 95-104.



  • There are currently no refbacks.


View My Stats

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.