Muhammad Wildan(1*)

(1) UIN Sunan Kalijaga, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


Although Islam in Europe is not a new phenomenon, Muslims in Germany are still quite remarkable to study. The dynamic of Muslims both internally and externally is the most interesting thing. Internally, Muslims in Germany who are coming from many different ethnics and races in Asia and Africa is a such a big challenge for Muslims to unite and integrate. Externally, Islam which is historically not a “homegrown” religion in Europe is facing such a big challenge to adjust to such a “new” circumstances. Judeo-Christian has long been the cultural tradition of Germans and Europeans in general. The influx of a number of Muslims from some conflict areas in the Middle East and Africa recently adds another notable phenomenon. This article is trying to portray the development of Islam and Muslims in Germany and the way how they mingle with German counterparts along with the growing of islamophobia in the country. Eventually, this article will also observe some resistance of Muslims in the form of radicalism in the country and their efforts to integrate into Western society.


Islamic History; Population; Islamophobia; Discrimination; Integration

Full Text:



Ahmad, Fauzia, dan Siddique Seddon (ed.), Muslim Youth: Challenges, Oppotunuties, and Expectacions. London: Continuum, 1998.

Davidson, Emma, Rosalind Edwards, Lynn Jamieson, and Susie Weller. "Big data, qualitative style: a breadth-and-depth method for working with large amounts of secondary qualitative data." Quality & Quantity 53, no. 1 (2019): 363-376.

Fetzer, Joel S & Soper, J. Christopher. Muslims and the State in Britain, France and Germany. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge. 2005.

Fink, Arlene. Conducting research literature reviews: from the Internet to paper. Sage Publications, 2019.

Foroutan, Nayka. Identity and Muslim Integration in Germany. Washington DC: Migration Policy Institute, 2013.

Grims, Brian J. & Mehtab S. Karim, The Future of the Global Muslim Population: Projections for 2010-2030. Washington: Pew Research Center, 2011.

Harian Kompas, 7 Januari 2015.

International Crisis Group, Europe Report N0 181, Islam and Identity in Germany. 14 Maret 2007.

International Religious Freedom Report: Germany 2012. US State Department: Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor. 2012.

Kettani, Houssain, Muslim Population in Europe: 1950 – 2020 dalam International Journal of Environmental Science and Development, Vol. 1, No. 2, June 2010.

Kettani, M. Ali, Minoritas Muslim di Dunia Dewasa Ini, Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada.

Maryam, Siti, dkk. Sejarah Peradaban Islam dari Masa Klasik Hingga Modern, Yogyakarta: LESFI, 2009.

Mathias Rohe, “Germany” dalam Jorgen Nielse (ed), Yearbook of Muslims in Europe, Vol.2. Leiden: Brill, 2010.

Ozyurek, Esra, Being German Becoming Muslim: Race, Religion, and Conversyion in the New Europe. New Jersey: Princton University, 2014.

Pew Research Center, The Future Global Muslim Population: Projections for 2010-2030, hlm. 121. Diakses dari

Rahman, M. Taufiq. Glosari Teori Sosial. Bandung: Ibnu Sina Press. 2011.

Salganik, Matthew J. Bit by bit: social research in the digital age. Princeton University Press, 2019.

Statistisches Bundesamt (Destatis), 2017. (diakses 7 Maret 2019).




  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats


E - ISSN : 2615-5028

TEMALI is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.>


Published by : Jurusan Sosiologi Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

Sponsored by : Ikatan Sosiologi Indonesia (ISI)


Flag Counter