Parental Child-Rearing Styles and Subjective Well-Being of Children Involved in Bullying

Ihsana Sabriani Borualogo(1*), Ferran Casas(2)

(1) Universitas Islam Bandung, Indonesia
(2) Doctoral Program on Education and Society, Faculty of Education and Social Sciences, Universidad Andrés Bello, Chile ERIDIqv research team, University of Girona, Girona, Spain, Spain
(*) Corresponding Author


This study aims to examine how parental child-rearing styles contribute to subjective well-being of three groups: bullying victims, bullying perpetrator-victims, and those uninvolved in bullying. These groups were categorized based on the children’s self-reported bullying incidents. This study used quantitative approach with cross-sectional design. The participants were 781 4th to 6th-grader students (51.98% boys, 48.02% girls), consists of 329 bullying victims, 197 were both bullying perpetrators and victims, and 255 were uninvolved in bullying. Parental child-rearing styles were measured using The Egna Minnen Beträffande Uppfostran for Children (EMBU-C), while subjective well-being was measured using the Children’s Worlds Subjective Well-Being Scale 5 items (CW-SWBS5). Data were analysed using structural equation modelling. The results revealed that the warmth of fathers and mothers made significant and direct contributions to the subjective well-being of children uninvolved in bullying, where the father’s warmth negatively contributed, while the mother’s warmth positively contributed. Similar results did not appear in the subjective well-being of victims or perpetrator-victims.


EMBU-C, parental child-rearing styles, parent-child relationship, school bullying, subjective well-being

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