Niqab in Indonesia: Identity and Nationalism of the Female Students in Palopo

Abdul Pirol, Aswan Aswan

Abstract


This research discusses the politics of identity that are increasingly strengthening in the public sphere. This phenomenon grows through the religious sentiment circulated massively on social media and is also evident in dress and daily behavior. This article wants to see: (1) the extent to which the identity of female students that wearing niqab influences the national insight, (2) how their perspectives and attitudes in national and state life. As a result, the sentiment of niqab female students' identity grew more vital in the public sphere. It is directly proportional to their low acceptance of government leaders of different religions. The government role is also considered lacking in helping them to overcome the life problems they face. Interestingly, the position of the Pancasila in the group gaining acceptance is relatively high. The primary data of this study through a questionnaire with the techniques of purposive sampling of 30 female students that wearing the niqab from various religious organisations spread across many campuses in the City of Palopo.

Keywords


Campus life; dress code; identity; national insight; public sphere; social media

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References


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Ahmed, S. T., & Roche, T. B. (2018). The Hijab and Niqab : Omani Women’s Reflections on Law and Practice. Journal of Intercultural Studies, 39(1), 50–66. https://doi.org/10.1080/07256868.2017.1410116

Almila, A.-M. (2017). Introduction: The veil across the globe in politics, everyday life and fashion. In A.-M. Almila & D. Inglis (Eds.), The Routledge international handbook to veils and veiling practices (pp. 1–26). London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315613734-1

Arendt, H., & Jaspers, K. (1955). Elemente und Ursprünge totaler Herrschaft. Frankfurt: Europäische Verlagsanstalt.

Arismunandar, S. (2019). NKRI Bersyariah atau Ruang Publik yang Manusiawi?: Tanggapan 21 Pakar Terhadap Gagasan Denny JA. Jakarta: Cerah Budaya Indonesia.

Asha, S. (2008). From Protection to Control and Exclusion - A Sociological Reading of Purdah. SSRN Electronic Journal, 93. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1142212

Bhowon, U., & Bundhoo, H. (2016). Perceptions and Reasons for Veiling. Psychology and Developing Societies, 28(1), 29–49. https://doi.org/10.1177/0971333615622894

Gabrillin, A. (2019). Ini Hasil Survei LSI soal Pilihan Responden Pemilih Muslim dan Minoritas. Retrieved 3 June 2021, from Kompas website: https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2019/03/05/16125041/ini-hasil-survei-lsi-soal-pilihan-responden-pemilih-muslim-dan-minoritas

Hardiman, F. B. (2018). Demokrasi dan Sentimentalitas. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Hasan, M. M. (2018). The Feminist “Quarantine” on Hijab: A Study of Its Two Mutually Exclusive Sets of Meanings. Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, 38(1), 24–38. https://doi.org/10.1080/13602004.2018.1434941

Heryanto, A. (2015). Identitas dan kenikmatan. Jakarta: Kepustakaan Populer Gramedia.

Lash, S., & Featherstone, M. (2001). Recognition and Difference: Politics, Identity, Multiculture. Theory, Culture & Society, 18(2–3), 1–19. https://doi.org/10.1177/02632760122051751

Mujani, S. (1993). Di Balik Polemik Anti Pembaharuan Islam; Memahami Gejala Fundamentalisme. Islamika, (1), 126–142.

Nag, O. Sen. (2018). Most Religious Countries In The World.

Papanek, H. (1973). Purdah: Separate worlds and symbolic shelter. Comparative Studies in Society and History, 15(3), 289–325.

Presiden Republik Indonesia. Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 11 Tahun 2008 tentang Informasi dan Transaksi Elektronik. , (2008).

Qibtiyah, A. (2019). Hijab in Indonesia – the history and controversies. Retrieved June 2 2021, from The Conversation website: https://theconversation.com/hijab-in-indonesia-the-history-and-controversies-102911

Ratri, L. (2011). Cadar, media, dan identitas perempuan muslim. Forum: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Sosial, 39(2), 29–37.

Silalahi, U. (2012). Metode penelitian sosial. Bandung: Unpar press.

Taylor, J. G. (2003). Indonesia: peoples and histories. London: Yale University Press.

Turmudi, E. (2016). The Passion of Jilbab: Socio-Cultural Transformation of Indonesian Muslim Women. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 6(5), 287–292.

Zempi, I. (2016). ‘It’s a part of me, I feel naked without it’’: choice, agency and identity for Muslim women who wear the niqab’. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 39(10), 1738–1754.

Zempi, I. (2019). Veiled Muslim women’s views on law banning the wearing of the niqab (face veil) in public. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 42(15), 2585–2602.

Zinira, M. (2017). The Politics of Veiling: A Study of Hijab and Female Muslim Identity Representation in Indonesia. Islamic Studies Journal for Social Transformation, 1(1), 37–48. https://doi.org/10.28918/isjoust.v1i1.1139




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15575/rjsalb.v5i2.10097

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