Religion and Women's Socioeconomic Welfare: An Empirical Study of Women's Economic Empowerment Based on Entrepreneurial Pesantren

Dharma Setyawan, Dwi Nugroho

Abstract


The purpose of this study is to reveal the role of women in building economic independence amid gender issues. The absence of religion and government in a connected business has made the issue of violence against women continue to roll on. The existence of women in recent years, and likely to continue, is threatened by the absence of safe spaces for women. Komnas Perempuan's 2020 data explains that in the last 12 years cases of violence against women and children have continued to increase significantly due to disharmony and economic factors. Using a phenomenological approach, this study shows a positive pattern in reducing the number of violence against women and realizing women's socio-economic welfare through the women's economic empowerment movement.

Keywords


Religion; Women’s Socioeconomic; Entrepreneurial Pesantren; Women's Economic Empowerment

Full Text:

PDF

References


Akbulaev, N., & Aliyeva, B. (2020). Gender and economic growth: Is there a correlation? The example of Kyrgyzstan. Cogent Economics & Finance, 8(1), 1758007. https://doi.org/10.1080/23322039.2020.1758007

Akgul, F. (2017). Understanding Patriarchy. In Patriarchal Theory Reconsidered (pp. 29–65). Cham: Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-49766-2_3

Al-Hamdi, R. (2015). Coping with religious tolerance and gender equality: comparing Islam and good governance perspectives. Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies, 5(2), 163. https://doi.org/10.18326/ijims.v5i2.163-193

Berger, P., & Luckmann, T. (2016). Social Theory Re-Wired. In W. Longhofer & D. Winchester (Eds.), Social Theory Re-Wired: New Connections to Classical and Contemporary Perspectives: Second Edition. New York: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315775357

Boon, C., Eckardt, R., Lepak, D. P., & Boselie, P. (2018). Integrating strategic human capital and strategic human resource management. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 29(1), 34–67. https://doi.org/10.1080/09585192.2017.1380063

Bouhours, B., & Broadhurst, R. (2015). Violence Against Women in Hong Kong. Violence Against Women, 21(11), 1311–1329. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077801215593646

Darakchi, S. (2018). Gender, religion, and identity: Modernization of gender roles among the Bulgarian Muslims (Pomaks). Women’s Studies International Forum, 70, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wsif.2018.07.002

Duflo, E. (2012). Women Empowerment and Economic Development. Journal of Economic Literature, 50(4), 1051–1079. https://doi.org/10.1257/jel.50.4.1051

Farida, U., & Kasdi, A. (2018). The 2017 KUPI Congress and Indonesian Female ‘Ulama. Journal of Indonesian Islam, 12(2), 2–135. https://doi.org/10.15642/JIIS.2018.12.2.135-158

Garcia-Moreno, C., & Stöckl, H. (2017). Violence against Women. In International Encyclopedia of Public Health (pp. 337–343). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-803678-5.00483-5

Gumiandari, S., & Nafi’a, I. (2020). The role of Cirebon Women Ulama in Countering Religious Radicalism. QIJIS (Qudus International Journal of Islamic Studies), 8(1), 33. https://doi.org/10.21043/qijis.v8i1.6430

Handayani, M. A., & Ali, M. (2020). Antara Agama dan Imajinasi: Identitas Simbol Ibadah dalam Perspektif Postkomunikasi, Postspiritualitas, dan Hiperspiritualitas. Religious: Jurnal Studi Agama-Agama Dan Lintas Budaya, 4(2), 125–134. https://doi.org/10.15575/rjsalb.v4i2.8592

Hlavka, H. R. (2019). Regulating Bodies: Children and Sexual Violence. Violence Against Women, 25(16), 1956–1979. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077801219875817

Kloos, B., & Moore, T. (2000). The prospect and purpose of locating community research and action in religious settings. Journal of Community Psychology, 28(2), 119–137. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1520-6629(200003)28:2<119::AID-JCOP2>3.0.CO;2-5

Kusmana, K. (2019). The Qur’an, Woman and Nationalism In Indonesia: Ulama Perempuan’s Moral Movement. Al-Jami’ah: Journal of Islamic Studies, 57(1), 83–116. https://doi.org/10.14421/ajis.2019.571.83-116

Marhumah, M. (2015). The roots of gender bias: misogynist hadiths in pesantrens. Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies, 5(2), 283. https://doi.org/10.18326/ijims.v5i2.283-304

Nyhagen, L. (2019). Mosques as Gendered Spaces: The Complexity of Women’s Compliance with, And Resistance to, Dominant Gender Norms, And the Importance of Male Allies. Religions, 10(5), 321. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10050321

Olmos Gómez, López Cordero, & Mohamed Mohand. (2019). Religion and Sex as Factors of Individual Differences of Reification in an Intercultural-Community-Based Society. Religions, 10(11), 621. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10110621

Parke-Sutherland, T. (2018). Ecofeminist Activism and the Greening of Native America. American Studies in Scandinavia, 50(1), 123–149. https://doi.org/10.22439/asca.v50i1.5697

Regnerus, M. D., & Uecker, J. E. (2007). Religious Influences on Sensitive Self-Reported Behaviors: The Product of Social Desirability, Deceit, or Embarrassment?*. Sociology of Religion, 68(2), 145–163. https://doi.org/10.1093/socrel/68.2.145

Rengkaningtias, A. U. (2018). Wacana Keulamaan Perempuan Dalam Teks Ikrar Kebon Jambu. Musãwa Jurnal Studi Gender Dan Islam, 17(1), 32–50. https://doi.org/10.14421/musawa.1.171.32-50

Scarborough, W. J., Sin, R., & Risman, B. (2019). Attitudes and the Stalled Gender Revolution: Egalitarianism, Traditionalism, and Ambivalence from 1977 through 2016. Gender & Society, 33(2), 173–200. https://doi.org/10.1177/0891243218809604

Shin, W. (2020). Mama, Keep Walking for Peace and Justice: Gender Violence and Liberian Mothers’ Interreligious Peace Movement. Religions, 11(7), 323. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel11070323

Spierings, N. (2014). How Islam Influences Women’s Paid Non-farm Employment: Evidence from 26 Indonesian and 37 Nigerian Provinces. Review of Religious Research, 56(3), 399–431. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13644-014-0159-0

Suhandjati, S., & Hadi Kusuma, H. (2018). Reinterpretation of Women’s Domestic Roles: Saleh Darat’s Thought on Strengthening Women’s Roles in Indonesia. Journal of Indonesian Islam, 12(2), 195. https://doi.org/10.15642/JIIS.2018.12.2.195-218

Wanless, C. (2019). (Un)believing in modern society: religion, spirituality, and religious-secular competition. Culture and Religion, 20(1), 124–128. https://doi.org/10.1080/14755610.2019.1572099




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15575/rjsalb.v6i1.10212

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Dharma Setyawan, Dwi Nugroho

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Department of Religious Studies Faculty of Ushuluddin Building 3rd Floor

Jl. Raya A.H. Nasution No. 105 Bandung, 40614,

Tel: (022) 7802275

Fax: (022) 780-3936

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________

Religious: Jurnal Studi Agama-Agama dan Lintas Budaya is Indexed By:

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________

Lihat Statistik Religious View MyStat

 

Lisensi Creative Commons
RELIGIOUS: JURNAL AGAMA DAN LINTAS BUDAYA disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-BerbagiSerupa 4.0 Internasional.