Students’ Critical Thinking Skills in The Reflective Class of Islamic Cultural History

Ratu Suntiah

Abstract


This study investigates students’ critical thinking skills in the subject of Islamic Cultural History, built within reflective teaching. It applied qualitative method using descriptive analytic. The study involved students from Class-XI aged 16-17 years old in MAN 1 and MAN 2 in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. The data were collected using observation and documentation for the contemplative teaching and learning process. The data then were analysed using Miles and Hubermen covering data reduction, presentation, and conclusion. The results show that the reflective class supported the students’ learning development and their critical thinking. The students prepared well for learning, engaged in the learning activities, contributed to the discussion, and enthusiastically compiled personal journals. When it comes to their critical thinking development, the students showed their progressive capacities in building their ideas, evaluating theirs and others’ arguments and working together to solve problems. 


Keywords


Reflective Classroom, Islamic Education, Critical Thinking Skills

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abrami, P. C., Bernard, R. M., Borokhovski, E., Wade, A., Surkes, M. A., Tamim, R., & Zhang, Dai. (2008). Instructional Interventions Affecting Critical Thinking Skills and Dispositions: A Stage 1 Meta-Analysis. Review of Educational Research, 78(4), 1102–1134. Retrieved from https://journals.sagepub.com/home/rer.

Ahyani, N. (2014). Kemampuan Berfikir Kritis Dalam Pembelajaran Sejarah. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Teknologi Pendidikan, Solo.

Aprilia, N. (2016). Implementasi Model Pembelajaran Reflektif untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Pemahaman Mahasiswa Pendidikan Biologi pada Mata Kuliah Strategi Pembelajaran di Program Studi FKIP Universitas Ahmad Dahlan. Jurnal Bioedukatika, 4(1), 27–30. http://dx.doi.org/10.26555/bioedukatika.v4i1.4739.

Bailin, S. (2002). Critical Thinking and Science Education. Science & Education, 11(4), 361–375.

Reflective Class. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1016042608621.

Belecina, R. R., & Ocampo Jr, J. M. (2018). Effecting Change on Students’ Critical Thinking in Problem Solving. Educare: International Journal for Educational Studies. 10(2). https://doi.org/10.2121/edu-ijes.v10i2.949.g857.

Ember, M., & Ember, C. R. (2002). Encyclopedia of urban cultures: Cities and Cultures Around the world. Grolier Academic Reference.

Ernawati, L. (2017). Pengembangan High Order Thinking (HOT) Melalui Metode Pembelajaran Mind Banking Dalam Pendidikan Agama Islam. 189–201. Retrieved from http://digilib.mercubuana.ac.id/manager/t!@file_artikel_abstrak/Isi_Artikel_470014837954.pdf.

Facione, P. A. (2000). The Disposition Toward Critical Thinking: Its Character, Measurement, and Relation to Critical Thinking Skill. Informal Logic, 20(1), 61–84. Doi: 10.22329/il.v20i1.2254.

Fosso-Kankeu, E. (2019). Reflective Practice in Teaching: Assessing Suitable Strategies for Reflective Practice in Large Classes, 17th International Conference on Science, Engineering, Technology & Waste Management (SETWM-19), 174-176. https://doi.org/10.17758/EARES8.EAP1119283.

Fuady, A. (2017). Berfikir Reflektif dalam Pembelajaran Matematika. Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Matematika, 1(2). https://doi.org/10.26877/jipmat.v1i2.1236.

Fujiarti, I. (2016). Upaya Guru Mata Pelajaran Sejarah Kebudayaan Islam dalam Meningkatkan Prestasi Belajar Siswa Mata Pelajaran Sejarah Kebudayaan Islam di MAN 2 Madiun.

Hanafi, M. (2009). Pembelajaran Sejarah Kebudayaan Islam. Dirjen Pendis.

Hariyanto, F. A., & Esser, B. R. N. (2018). Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Pada Siswa Madrasah Aliyah Di Lombok Barat. JISIP (Jurnal Ilmu Sosial Dan Pendidikan), 2(3). http://dx.doi.org/10.36312/jisip.v2i3.486.

Hutami, I. M. (2019). Pengembangan Komik sebagai Media Pembelajaran Sejarah Kebudayaan Islam untuk Meningkatkan Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis Siswa Kelas Vii Madrasah Tsanawiyah Al Hikmah Jombang [Universitas Pesantren Tinggi Darul ’Ulum]. http://eprints.unipdu.ac.id/1574/.

Imkari, S. (2012). Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Think Pair Share dan Pola Pemberdayaan Berpikir Melalui Pertanyaan terhadap kemampuan berpikir kritis, Hasil Belajar Kognitif dan Retensi Mahasiswa Biologi di Institut Agama Islam Negeri Ambon".(Tesis). Disertasi and Tesis Program Pascasarjana UM.

Kowalczyk, N., Hackworth, R., & Case-Smith, J. (2012). Perceptions of the Use of Critical Thinking Teaching Methods. Radiologic Technology, 83(3), 226–236. Retrieved from http://www.radiologictechnology.org/content/83/3/226.short.

Kusuma, E. D., Gunarhadi, G., & Riyadi, R. (2018). The Strategies to Improve Critical Thinking Skills Through Problem-Based Quantum Learning Model at Primary School, International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding, 5(4), 123-127. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.18415/ijmmu.v5i4.213.

Magno, C. (2010). The Role of Metacognitive Skills in Developing Critical Thinking. Metacognition and Learning, 5(2), 137–156. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11409-010-9054-4.

Mahmudah, U. (2017). Problematika Pembelajaran Sejarah Kebudayaan Islam, pada Siswa MTS Negeri Salatiga Tahun 2017.

Maidah, A. (2018). Persepsi Siswa Tentang Mata Pelajaran Sejarah Kebudayaan Islam (SKI) Hubungannya Dengan Motivasi Belajar Siswa (Studi di MA. Al-I’anah Jangkar Wetan-Cilegon). UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanudin.

O’Hare, L. O., & McGuinness, C. (2009). Measuring Critical Thinking, Intelligence, and Academic Performance in Psychology Undergraduates. The Irish Journal of Psychology, 30(3–4), 123–131. https://doi.org/10.1080/03033910.2009.10446304.

Paul, R. W., & Elder, L. (2006). Critical Thinking: The Nature of Critical and Creative Thought. Journal of Developmental Education, 30(2), 34–35. Retrieved from https://www.proquest.com/openview/66bc072a93707c16e3b9e8431296ad64/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=47765.

Pithers, R. T., & Soden, R. (2000). Critical thinking in education: A review. Educational Research, 42(3), 237–249. https://doi.org/10.1080/001318800440579.

Rais, M., & Aryani, F. (2019). Pembelajaran Reflektif: Seni Berpikir Kritis, Analitis, dan Kreatif. Badan Penerbit Universitas Negeri Makassar.

Rosana, L. N. (2014). Pengaruh Metode Pembelajaran dan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Terhadap Hasil Belajar Sejarah Siswa. Jurnal Pendidikan Sejarah, 3(1), 34–44. https://doi.org/10.21009/JPS.031.04.

Rosyidah, I., & Maryati, D. S. (2019). Inovasi Pembelajaran SKI Berbasis Media Mobile (Studi Kasus di STAI Al-Jawami). Tsaqafatuna, 2(1). Retrieved from https://jurnal.stit-buntetpesantren.ac.id/index.php/tsaqafatuna.

Royyan, M. I. (2017). Pengaruh Keterampilan Mengadakan Variasi Mengajar terhadap Motivasi Belajar Siswa pada Mata Pelajaran Sejarah Kebudayaan Islam Kelas VII MTs Ma’arif Nu 1 Karanglewas Kabupaten Banyumas. [IAIN Purwokerto]. http://repository.iainpurwokerto.ac.id/3358/

Salim, F. R., Hamid, R., Ma’ruf, S. A., & Sukino, A. (2014). Sejarah Kebudayaan Islam. IAIN Pontianak Press.

Setiawan, D. (2016). Pemberdayaan Keterampilan Metakognitif melalui Pembelajaran Reflektif. Edubiotik: Jurnal Pendidikan, Biologi Dan Terapan, 1(01), 35–41. Retrieved from http://ejurnal.budiutomomalang.ac.id/index.php/edubiotik/article/view/111.

Sulaiman, S. (2012). Pendekatan Konsep dalam Pembelajaran Sejarah. Jurnal Sejarah Lontar, 9(1), 9–21. https://doi.org/10.21009/LONTAR.091.2.

Thomas, T. (2011). Developing First Year Students’ Critical Thinking Skills. Asian Social Science, 7(4), 26. https://doi.org/10.5539/ass.v7n4p26.

Tsang, A. K. L. (2011). In-class Reflective Group Discussion as a Strategy for the Development of Students as Evolving Professionals, International Journal for the Scholarship Teaching Learning, 5(1), 1-20. Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1136443.pdf.

Umam, M. S., & Cahyadi, R. A. H. (2020). Problematics of Learning the History of Islamic Culture in the 2013 Curriculum in Madrasah Aliyah Isy Karima Karanganyar Solo, Studia. Religia: Jurnal Pemikiran dan Pendidikan Islam, 4(2), Desember 2020, 289-297. http://dx.doi.org/10.30651/sr.v4i2.6774.

Van Gelder, T. (2005). Teaching Critical Thinking: Some Lessons from Cognitive Science. College Teaching, 53(1), 41–48. https://doi.org/10.3200/CTCH.53.1.41-48.

Willingham, D. T. (2007). Critical thinking: Why is It so Hard to Teach? American Federation of Teachers Summer 2007. 8–19. Retrieved from https://www.aft.org/sites/default/files/periodicals/Crit_Thinking.pdf.

Zainuddin, Z. (2018). Upaya Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar IPA dengan Menggunakan Model Pembelajaran Reflektif. Jurnal Global Edukasi, 1(5), 618–626. Retrieved from http://jurnal.goretanpena.com/index.php/JGE/article/view/168.

Zulmaulida, R. (2012). Pengaruh Pembelajaran dengan Pendekatan Proses Berpikir Reflektif Terhadap Peningkatan Kemampuan Koneksi dan Berpikir Kritis Matematis Siswa: Studi Kuasi Eksperimen pada Siswa salah satu SMP Negeri di Kota Banda Aceh. Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15575/jpi.v7i2.15060

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Editorial Office:

Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teacher Training

Jalan A.H. Nasution No. 105, Cibiru

Bandung, Jawa Barat, Indonesia, 40614

Phone: 022- 7802276

e-mail: journalof.islamiceducation@uinsgd.ac.id



 Creative Commons License

Jurnal Pendidikan Islam by http://journal.uinsgd.ac.id/index.php/jpi is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats