Applying Higher Order Thinking Skill (HOTS) to Strengthen Students’ Religious Moderation at Madrasah Aliyah

Hasan Basri(1*), Andewi Suhartini(2), Asep Nursobah(3), Uus Ruswandi(4)

(1) UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung, Indonesia
(2) UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung, Indonesia
(3) UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung, Indonesia
(4) UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


The study aims to analyze students' analytical abilities about religious moderation for religious worship through learning PAI (Pendidikan Agama Islam/Islamic Religious Education) at the State Madrasah Aliyah. This study uses a qualitative-quantitative approach with a survey method. The number of respondents to this study was 468 students of madrasah aliyah in West Java, Central Java and South Sulawesi. Data were collected using written tests and interviews. Data were analyzed using content analysis and descriptive statistics. The findings of this study indicate that studentrs’ religious moderation is strenthened in the teaching of Islamic aspects of Aqidah in madrasah aliyah through the development of higher-level thinking learning (HOTS) by connecting the values of moderation in aqidah in everyday life. These findings reinforce the urgency of learning in strengthening religious moderation through higher order thinking skills.


Analytical Ability, Aqidah, Moderation, Religious, Rosul Quran

Full Text:



Ahiri, J., Dunifa, L., Tanduklangi, A., & Ghani, A. R. A. (2013). The Effect of Learning Strategies on Higher-Order Thinking Skills Students with Different Learning Styles. 4(9), 8. Retrieved from

Akhmadi, A. (2019). Moderasi Beragama dalam Keragaman Indonesia Religious Moderation In Indonesia’s Diversity. INOVASI: Jurnal Diklat Keagamaan, 13(2), 11. Retrieved from

Ali, N. (2020). Measuring Religious Moderation Among Muslim Students at Public Colleges in Kalimantan Facing Disruption Era, Inferensia, 14(1), 1-24.

Ball, L. & Garton, B. L., (2005). Modeling Higher Order Thinking: The Alignment Between Objectives, Classroom Discourse, and Assessments. Journal of Agricultural Education .46(2), 58–69. 10.5032/jae.2005.02058

Bosra, M. & Umiarso. (2021). Implementation of Religious Moderation Education For Santri At The Miftahul Ulum Suren Islamic Boarding School Kalisat Jember East Java, Al-Qalam Jurnal Penelitian Agama dan Sosial Budaya, 27(1). Retrieved from

Chai, C. S. & Kong, S. C. (2017). Professional learning for 21st century education. Journal of Computers in Education, 4(1), 1–4. Retrieved from

Davis, N. J., & Robinson, R. V. (2006). The Egalitarian Face of Islamic Orthodoxy: Support for Islamic Law and Economic Justice in Seven Muslim-Majority Nations. American Sociological Review, 71 (April), 67–190. Retrieved from

Ennism, R. H. (2011). The Nature of Critical Thinking: An Outline of Ciritical Thinking Dispositions and Abilities. Chicago: University of Illinois.

Esack, F. (2007). The Qur’an: A User’s Guide, One World Oxford.

Giancarlo, C. A., Blohm, S. W. & Urdan, T., (2004). Assessing Secondary Students’ Disposition Toward Critical Thinking: Development of The California Measure of Mental Motivation. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 64(2), 347–364.. 0013164403258464

Harto, K., & Tastin, T. (2019). Pengembangan Pembelajaran PAI Berwawasan Islam Wasatiyah: Upaya Membangun Sikap Moderasi Beragama Peserta Didik. At-Ta’lim : Media Informasi Pendidikan Islam, 18(1), 89.

Heong, Y. M., Yunos, J. M., Othman, W., Hassan, R., Kiong, T. T., & Mohamad, M. M. (2012). The Needs Analysis of Learning Higher Order Thinking Skills for Generating Ideas. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 59, 197–203. j.sbspro.2012.09.265

Islam, T., & Khatun, A. (2016). “Islamic Moderation” in Perspectives: A Comparison Between Oriental And Occidental Scholarships. International Journal of Nusantara Islam, 3(2), 69.

Islami, N., & Aziz, S. (2018). Strengthening of Islamic Moderation in Kindergarten Darul Qur’an Al-Karim Karangtengah Baturraden Banyumas 2017-2018. Cendekia: Jurnal Kependidikan Dan Kemasyarakatan, 16(1), 63. cendekia.v16i1.1177

Karman, Anwar, R., Syarifudin, U., Muhtar., S. N. (2021). The Design for Emancipatory Quran Interpretation Learning to Deradicalize Students’ Quran Understanding, Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 7(2).

Kay, K., (2009). “Middle Schools Preparing Young People for 21st Century Life and Work”. Middle School Journal, 40(5), 41–45.

Krathwohl, D. R. (2002). A revision of Bloom’s taxonomy: An overview. Theory intoPractice, 41(4), 212-218. Retrieved from resources/krathwohl.pdf

Lai, E. R., Bay-Borelli, M., Kirkpatrick, R., Lin, A., & Wang, C. (2011). Critical Thinking: A Literature Review Research Report. June, 1-14. Retrieved from

Larsson, K. (2017). “Understanding and Teaching Critical Thinking—A New Approach,” International Journal of Educational Research 84(February(2):32-42

Lin, C., Li, B., & Wu, Y. J. (2018). Existing Knowledge Assets and Disruptive Innovation: The Role of Knowledge Embeddedness and Specificity. Sustainability, 10(2).

Lopez, J., & Whittington, M. S. (2001). Higher-Order Thinking in a College Course: A Case Study. NACTA Journal, December, 22–29. Retrieved from

Maarif, M. A., Rafiq, M. H., & Sirojuddin, A. (2022). Implementing Learning Strategies for Moderate Islamic Religious Education in Islamic Higher Education, Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, Vol. 11 (1), 75-86. :10.15575/jpi.v8i1.19037

Mahrus, E., Prasojo, Z.H. & Busro. (2020). Messages of Religious Moderation Education in Sambas Islamic Manuscripts, MADANIA, 24 (1), 39-48. 10.29300/madania.v24i1.3283

Miri, B., David, B. C. & Uri, Z., (2007). “Purposely Teaching for The Promotion of Higherorder Thinking Skills: A Case of Critical Thinking”. Research in Science Education, 37(4), 353–369.

Miterianifa, Ashadi, S. Saputro, & Suciati, (2020). Critical Thinking Skills Profile of Senior High School Students in Learning Chemistry. Humanity & Social Science Review, 8(3), 737–744.

Mubarok, M. Z., & Hamid, A. F. A. (2018). “The Rise of Radicalism and Terrorism in Indonesia and Malaysia”. RISEA: Review Journal of Southeast Asia, 1(1), 29-43. Retrieved from

Muchith, M. S. (2016). Radikalisme dalam Dunia Pendidikan. ADDIN, 10(1), 163-180.

Nursobah, A., Ruswandi, U., Suhartini, A., & Hayati, T. (2018). Higher Order Thinking Skills at Moral Learning. Proceedings of the International Conference on Islamic Education (ICIE 2018). International Conference on Islamic Education (ICIE 2018), Bandung, Indonesia.

Prayoonsri, B., Tatsirin, S., Suntorapot, D., & Jariya, C. (2015). Factors Affecting Higher Order Thinking Skills of Students: A Meta-Analytic Structural Equation Modeling Study. Educational Research and Reviews, 10(19), 2639–2652.

Rotherham, (2017). The 21st Century Skills: Key Competencies Contemp. Ski. Dev. Educ., 562–1065. Retrieved from Higher_Order_Thinking_Skills_in_the_21st_Century_Critical_Thinking

Rustam, E., Hanifah, N., Kanro, B. (2018). “Deradicalization in the Implementation of Islamic Education Curriculum in SMA Masamba South Sulawesi”, Dinamika Ilmu. 18(2), 271-283.

Saavedra, R. & Opfer, V. D., (2012). “Teaching and Learning 21st Century Skills: Lessons from the Learning Sciences”. Australian Association for Research In Education, April, 35. Retrieved from

Saifuddin. (2011). “Radikalisme Islam di Kalangan Mahasiswa: Sebuah Metamorfosa Baru”, Analisis, 11(1), 17-32.

Safri, A. N. (2012). Otentisitas Risalah Kenabian (Pluralisme dan Kemanusiaan). ESENSIA: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin, 13(1), 167.

Sahin, A. (2018). Critical Issues in Islamic Education Studies: Rethinking Islamic and Western Liberal Secular Values of Education. Religions, 9(11), 335.

Saputro, I.B, & Azmi. F. (2022). Religious Moderation in Indonesia. Edu-Riligia: Jurnal Kajian Pendidikan Islam dan Keagamaan, 6(3), 239-262. er.v6i3.10887

Singh, R. K. A., Mohtar, T. M. T., Mostafa, M. A., Singh, R. K. A. (2017). A Review of Research on the Use of Higher Order Thinking Skills to Teach Writing. International Journal of English Linguistics 8(1):23-61. 10.5539/ijel.v8n1p86

Subkhan, A. (2019). Semangat Moderasi dalam “Watsiiqoh Al-Ikhwah Al-Insaniyah Min Ajli As-Salaam Al-‘Alamy Wa Al-‘Aisy Al-Mustarok”. Jurnal Edutrained : Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pelatihan, 3(2), 135–151.

Sukla, D., & Dungsungneon, A. P. (2016). Students Perceived Level and Teachers Teaching Strategies of Higher Order Thinking Skills; A Study on Higher Educational Institutions in Thailand. Journal of Education and Practice, 7(12), 211–219. Retrieved from

Suntiah, R. (2021). Students’ Critical Thinking Skills In The Reflective Class of Islamic Cultural History, Jurnal Pendidikan Islam 7 (2), 195-204. 10.15575/jpi.v7i2.15060

Sutrisno, E. (2019). Aktualisasi Moderasi Beragama di Lembaga Pendidikan. Jurnal Bimas Islam, 12(2), 323–348.

Tahir, M. (2015). The Role of Universities in The Overcoming and Prevention of Terrorist Radicalism and ISIS in The Campus in West Nusa Tenggara, Tasâmuh, 13(1), 59-68. Retrieved from

Tampubolon, I. (2016). Struktur Paradigmatik Ilmu-Ilmu Keislaman Klasik: Dampaknya terhadap Pola Pikir, Sikap, dan Perilaku Keberagamaan. MIQOT: Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Keislaman, 37(2).

Tezcür, G. M. (2010). The Moderation Theory Revisited: The Case of Islamic Political Actors. Party Politics, 16(1), 69–88.

Ülger, K. (2016). The Relationship Between Creative Thinking and Critical Thinking Skills of Students. Hacettepe Journal, 31(4), 695–710.

Weiss, R. E. (2003). Designing Problems to Promote Higher-Order Thinking. New Directions For Teaching and Learning, 2003(95), 25– 31.

Yee, M. H., Yunos, J. M., Hassan, R., Othman, W., & Tee, T. K. (2011). The Perception of the Level of Higher Order Thinking Skills. International Conference on Social Science and Humanity. IPEDR, 5, 281–285. Retrieved from

Yoesef, I. (2017). Tafhim al-Anam wasathiyatul Islam. Tafhim al-Anam wasathiyatul Islam, E-Kutub Ltd.

Yousefi, H. (2017). Proximity Discourse and Islamic Unity Inspired by the Holy Qur'an. QUID: Investigación, Ciencia y Tecnología(1), 2134-2140.

Yusar. (2016). “The Youth, The Sciences Students, and Religious Radicalism”. Al-Ulum. 16(2), 330-347.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Editorial Office:

Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teacher Training

Jalan A.H. Nasution No. 105, Cibiru

Bandung, Jawa Barat, Indonesia, 40614

Phone: 022- 7802276


 Creative Commons License

Jurnal Pendidikan Islam by is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats