Pencarian Makna Hidup Siswa dari Keluarga Miskin di Kabupaten Wonosobo

Musofa Musofa, Casmini Casmini, Sutrisno Sutrisno

Abstract


Students from poor families seems to have the ability to search the meaning of life. They have high enthusiasm in education. This study aims to explore the reasons of poor students in searching for life's meaning by choosing high school, concepts of meaning in life, and learning and its implications. The study used phenomenological-qualitative method.The participants were 21 students from poor families in reputable high school in Wonosobo. Data was collected through interviews and FGDs and was analyzed inductively. The results show that students from poor families understand the possibilities and benefits of achieving goals to be success in the future. Student balance is indicated by the determination of high goals and the hard work done in material, psychological and spiritual aspects.They are confident to move on and reflect the life’s meaning by act and pray.


Keywords


meaning of life, ambitions, value of success, parents, tiered goals

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bastaman, H. D. (1995). Integrasi psikologi dengan Islam menuju psokologi Islam. Yogyakarta: Kerja Sama Antara Yayasan Insan Kamil & Pustaka Pelajar.

Bastaman, H. D. (2007). Logoterapi: Psikologi untuk menemukan makna hidup dan meraih hidup bermakna. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada.

Baumeister, R. F. (1991). Meaning of life. New York: Guildford Press.

Berti, C., & Pivetti, M. (2017). Childhood economic disadvantage and antisocial behavior: Intervening factors and pathways. Children and Youth Services Review. doi:10.1016/j.childyouth.2017.06.007

Calvin, S. H., & Lindzey, G. (1993). Psikologi kepribadian 2, Teori-teori psikodinamika. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Cheung, C., & Chou, K. (2016). Working poor in Hong Kong. Social Indicators Research, 129(1), 317–335.

Crarke, M. & Feeny, S. (2007). Education for the end of poverty: Three ways forward. New York: Nova Science Publisher Inc.

Frankl, Victor E. (2006). Logoterapi terapi psikologi melalui pemaknaan eksistensi, terj. M. Murtadho. Jogjakarta: Kreasi Wacana.

Fridayanti (2013). Pemaknaan hidup (Meaning in life) dalam kajian psikologi. Psikologika, 18(2), 193.

George, L. S., & Park, C. L. (2014). Existential mattering: Bringing attention to a neglected but central aspect of meaning? In A. Batthyany & P. Russo-Netzer (Eds.), Meaning in Positive and Existential Psychology, New York: Springer.

George, L. S., & Park, C. L. (2013). Are meaning and purpose distinct? An examination of correlates and predictors. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 8(5), 365–375.

Heintzelman, S. J., & King, L. A. (2014). The Feeling of Meaning-as-Information. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 18(2), 153–167.

Kashdan, T. B., & McKnight, P. E. (2013). Commitment to a purpose in life: An antidote to thesuffering by individuals with social anxiety disorder. Emotion, 13(6), 1150–1159.

Liputo, S. (2014). Distres psikologik dan disfungsi sosial ditemukan pada kalangan masyarakat miskin Kota Malang, Jurnal Sains dan Praktik Psikologi, 2 (3), 286-295.

Martela, F., & Steger, M. F.. (2012). Experiencing meaning in life - Optimal functioning at the nexus of wellbeing, psychopathology, and spirituality. In T. P. Wong (Ed.),The human quest for meaning theories, research, and applications, New York: Routledge.

Martela, F. & Steger, M. F. (2016) The three meanings of meaning in life: Distinguishing coherence, purpose, and significance, The Journal of Positive Psychology, 11(5), 531-545, doi: 10.1080/17439760.2015.1137623

Martono, N. (2017). Sekolah publik vs sekolah privat: Dalam wacana kekuasaan, demokrasi dan liberasi pendidikan, (hlm. 82). Jakarta: Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia.

Mcknight, P. E., & Kashdan, T. B. (2009). Purpose in life as a system that creates and sustains health and well-being: An integrative, testable theory. Review of General Psychology, 13(3), 242–251.

Mustea, A. (2012). Nowadays’ teenagers and the meaning of life. “Vasile Goldis” Western University, Arad, Colegiul National "Moise Nicoara" .

Nasir, M. (2016). Laporan Tahunan. Kementerian Riset Teknologi dan Pendidikan Tinggi.

Noviawati, P., & Undarwati, A. (2017). Gambaran dinamika kemiskinan ditinjau dari atribut psikologis: Studi pada masyarakat miskin di Kota Semarang. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Multi Disiplin Ilmu & Call For Papers Unisbank Ke-3 (Sendi_U 3).

Park C. L., & George, L. S. (2013). Assessing meaning and meaning making in the context of stressful life events: Measurement tools and approaches. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 8(6), 39.

Pasiak, T. (2012). Tuhan dalam otak manusia. Bandung: Mizan.

Purwanda, O. B. (2015). Kebermaknaan hidup pada remaja yang mengalami putus sekolah. Thesis. Unisulla.

Rashid, A., & Samat, N. (2018). Kemiskinan keluarga dan pengaruhnya terhadap tahap pendidikan rendah masyarakat luar bandar: Kajian kes di jajahan Bachok, Kelantan (Family poverty and its influence on rural community low education: Case study in Bachok District, Kelantan). E-Bangi, 15(2), 11-23.

Noviawati, P., & Narendri, N. (2017). Nilai-nilai kemiskinan pada masyarakat miskin di daerah perkotaan dan pedesaan: Ditinjau berdasarkan analisis atribut psikologis. Prosiding Industrial Research Workshop and National Seminar. Politeknik Negeri Bandung July 26 – 27.

Ratcliffe, C. (2015). Child poverty adult success. Urban Institute.

Rizte, G. (2014). Teori sosiologi modern, (hlm. 236). Jakarta: Prenada Media.

Sari, N. M., & Purwaningsih, I. E. (2012). Hubungan kebermaknaan hidup dengan penerimaan diri pada kaum waria di Yogyakarta, Jurnal Spirits, 3(1), 76-84.

Sasmal, J., & Guillen, J. (2015). Poverty, educational failure and the child-labour trap: the Indian experience. Global Business Review, 16(2), 270-280. doi;1177/0972150914564419.

Steger, M. F., Hicks, B. M., Krueger, R. F., & Bouchard, T. J. (2011). Genetic and environmental influences and covariance among meaning in life, religiousness, and spirituality. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 6(3), 181–191.

Wilchek-Aviad, Y. & Michal Malka. (2016). Religiosity, meaning in life and suicidal tendency among jews. Journal of Religion and Health, 55(2), 480-494.

Woessmann, L. (2015). The economic case for education. Education Economics, 24(1), 3–32. doi:10.1080/09645292.2015.10598

W O’Neal C., Arnold A.L., Lucier-Greer M., KAS Wickrama & M Bryant C., 2015. Economic pressure and health and weight management behaviors in African American couples: A family stress perspective. Journal of Health Psychology, 20(5) 625–637. DOI: 10.1177/1359105315579797.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15575/psy.v6i1.4076

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


web
stats

View My Stats

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.