Perubahan perilaku Callosobruchus maculatus Fabricius terhadap warna cahaya pada kacang-kacangan di penyimpanan

Lukmanul Hakim, Irhamni Irhamni

Abstract


Callosobruchus maculatus (Fab.) adalah salah satu species serangga dari ordo Coleoptera, family Brucidae yang merupakan hama kacang-kacangan di gudang penyimpanan. Kerusakan kacang selama penyimpanan diawali dengan perilaku oviposisi telur serangga betina dewasa pada kotiledon biji kacang. Serangga C. maculatus (Fab.) tidak menyukai tempat dengan cahaya terang. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengamati perubahan perilaku oviposisi dan kopulasi serangga dewasa pada kacang-kacangan dengan penerangan empat warna cahaya pada ruang penyimpanan. Pengamatan dan analisis data menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap Faktorial. Faktor petama menggunakan cahaya lampu merah, kuning, hijau dan putih, sedangkan faktor kedua terdiri dari tiga jenis kacang (Fabaceae) yaitu kacang hijau, kacang kedelai dan kacang merah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan perilaku oviposisi telur terjadi pada cahaya lampu kuning, sedangkan perilaku kopulasi terjadi  pada cahaya lampu merah. Cahaya lampu merah dan kuning dapat memengaruhi perilaku oviposisi dan kopulasi Callosobruchus maculatus (Fab.).

ABSTRACT

Callosobruchus maculatus (Fab.) is one of the insect species of the order Coleoptera, family Brucidae which is a pest for stored beans. Damage to beans during the storage starts with the behavior of the egg oviposition of adult female insects on bean seed cotyledons. C. maculatus (Fab.) do not like to be in a bright place. This study aimed to observe changes in the behavior of oviposition and copulation of adult insects in beans with four-colour lighting in the storage. The observation and analysis of data used factorial completely randomized design. The first factor were light colors; red, yellow, green, and white light while the second factor consists of three types of beans (Fabaceae); green beans, soybeans and red beans. The results showed that copulation behavior occurred in red light. While the oviposition behavior of eggs occured in yellow light. The red and yellow lights can affect the behavior of oviposistion and copulation of C.maculatus (Fab.).

 


Keywords


Callosobruchus maculatus, Cahaya, Fabaceae, Perilaku.

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15575/3735

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