Developing Students' Religious Moderation through Group Counseling at Islamic Higher Education

Zaitun Syahbudin(1*), Raja Rahima Munawarah Raja Ahmad(2), Kasmiati Kasmiati(3), Nurhayati Zein(4), Musa Thahir(5)

(1) Faculty of Education and Teacher's Training, Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau,  
(2) Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, Indonesia
(3) Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, Indonesia
(4) Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, Indonesia
(5) Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


Tolerance in social life is a need for Indonesian citizens. However, cases of intolerance and violence in the name of religion frequently occur in socia life and might influence students at university This research aims to assess the level of religious moderation comprehension among students at UIN (Universitas Islam Negeri/State Islamic University) Suska Riau through group counseling sessions. The study utilized a quantitative approach, employing a descriptive pre-experimental Intack Group Comparison design. The findings revealed that students' understanding of a moderate attitude significantly increased after participating in group counseling on moderation, with a positive score of 97.5% and a negative score of 2.4%. The inclusion of religious moderation as a theme in group counseling positively impacted students' comprehension and attitude towards religious moderation within society. Notably, two indicators, national commitment and tolerance, exhibited the most significant improvements, with respective increases of 35% and 29%. These results suggest that employing group counseling centered around religious moderation can serve as a model for enhancing students' understanding of religious moderation in society.


Group Counseling, Moderate Attitude, Religious Moderation, Tolerance

Full Text:



Alam, M. (2020). A Collaborative Action in the Implementation of Moderate Islamic Education to Counter Radicalism. International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change. Retrieved, from

Alshehri, F., Fotaki, M., & Kauser, S. (2020). The Effects of Spirituality and Religiosity on the Ethical Judgment in Organizations. Journal of Business Ethics 2020 174:3, 174(3), 567–593.

Andrich, D., & Marais, I. (2019). A Course in Rasch Measurement Theory: Measuring in the Educational, Social and Health Sciences. Measuring in the Educational, Social and Health Sciences,

Argenti, G., Paskarina, C., Darmayanti, N., & Deliarnoor, N. A. (2022). Post-Islamism in Indonesia: Analysis of Islamic Political Party Programs in the 2019 National Elections. Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 11(1), 127.

Asmara, G. (2018). The Principles of Religious Tolerance and Harmony Among the People of Sasak Tribe in Lombok Island, Indonesia. Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues, 21(1). Retrieved from

Aulia, R., Sugito, N., & Hasmika. (2021). Implementation of Pancasila in Developing National Insights During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Character Education (ICCE 2020). 201–207. ASSEHR.K.210204.030

Bacher, P., & Scheffold, A. (2018). The Effect of Regulatory T Cells on Tolerance to Airborne Allergens and Allergen Immunotherapy. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 142(6), 1697–1709.

Barida, M., Prasetiawan, H., . S., & Muarifah, A. (2019). The Development of Self-ManagementTechnique for Improving Students’Moral Intelligence. International Journal of Educational Research Review, 4(4), 660–669.

Bell, K., & Flood, M. (2020). Change among the Change Agents? Men’s Experiences of Engaging in Anti-Violence Advocacy as White Ribbon Australia Ambassadors. Masculine Power and Gender Equality: Masculinities as Change Agents, 55–80.

Blair, R. A. (2019). International Intervention and the Rule of Law after Civil War: Evidence from Liberia. International Organization, 73(2), 365–398.

Bugaric, B., & Kuhelj, A. (2018). Varieties of Populism in Europe: Is the Rule of Law in Danger? Hague Journal on the Rule of Law 2018 10:1, 10(1), 21–33.

Cai, Z., & He, Z. (2019). Trading Private Range Counting Over Big Iot Data. Proceedings - International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems, 2019-July, 144–153.

Cresswell. (2015). Riset Pendidikan. Jakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Corey, G., Haynes, R. H., Moulton, P., & Muratori, M. (2020). Clinical Supervision in The Helping Professions: A Practical Guide. John Wiley & Sons.

Davies, G. (2018). Does the Court of Justice Own The Treaties? Interpretative Pluralism as a Solution to Over-Constitutionalisation. European Law Journal, 24(6), 358–375.

Farozin, M., Kurniawan, L., & Irani, L. C. (2020). The Role of Guidance and Counseling in Character Education. In 2nd International Seminar on Guidance and Counseling 2019 (ISGC 2019) (pp. 112-116). Retrieved from isgc-19 / 125943318

Firman, T. (2022). Sri Lanka yang Terus Koyak karena Konflik SARA. Retrieved from

Gøtzsche-Astrup, O. (2018). The Time for Causal Designs: Review and Evaluation of Empirical Support for Mechanisms of Political Radicalisation. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 39, 90–99.

Harahap, S., Nur, A., & Sahrin, A. (2019). The Functions of Islamic Higher Education In Preventing Radicalism of Thinking In Indonesia. Ilkogretim Online - Elementary Education Online, 18(1), 572–587.

Harahap, S., Nur, A., & Sahrin, A. (2022). The Voices of Inter-Religious Harmony. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Religious Literature and Heritage (ISLAGE 2021), 644(1), 17–29.

Hart, J. (2018). When the First Amendment Compels an Offensive Result: Masterpiece Cakeshop, Ltd. v. Colorado Civil Rights Commission. Louisiana Law Review, 79. Retrieved from louilr79&id=431&div=&collection=

Holmes, T. (2021). Science, Sensitivity and the Sociozoological Scale: Constituting and Complicating the Human-Animal Boundary at the 1875 Royal Commission on Vivisection and Beyond. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A, 90, 194–207.

Ichsan, M., & Prasetyoningsih, N. (2020). The Constitutional Court Interpretation of “Indigenous Belief”: An Islamic and 1945 Constitution Perspectives. Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics (JARLE), 11.

Indrayanti, K. W., & Saraswati, A. A. A. N. (2022). Criminalizing and Penalizing Blasphemy: the Need to Adopt a Human Rights Approach in the Reform of Indonesia’s Blasphemy Law. Cogent Social Sciences, 8(1). 23311886.2022.2104704

Indriastuti, N. R., & Mustikawati, D. A. (2021). Kohesivity of Pancasila Village Based on Local Wisdom Values (Phenomenologi Studies at Balun Village, Lamongan Indonesia. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference of Education, Social and Humanities (INCESH 2021), 581(Incesh), 411–415. ASSEHR.K.211028.151

Ishak, N., Ranaivo, R., & Manitra, M. (2022). Constitutional Religious Tolerance in Realizing the Protection of Human Rights in Indonesia. Culture and Legal System, Journal of Human Rights, Culture and Legal System, 2(1), 31–44.

Isra, S., & Tegnan, H. (2021). Legal Syncretism or the theory of Unity in Diversity as an Alternative to Legal Pluralism in Indonesia. International Journal of Law and Management, 63(6), 553–568.

Jamarudin, A., Ulya, M., Fatah, R. A., & Wage, W. (2022). Implementing Religious Moderation Using the Perspective of the Qur’an. KnE Social Sciences, 2022, 579–590.

Juita, B. D., Susanti, R. H., & Permatasari, D. (2021). Upaya Meningkatkan Tanggung Jawab Akademik Mahasiswa Manggarai Universitas PGRI Kanjuruhan Malang Melalui Konseling Kelompok Realita. JKI (Jurnal Konseling Indonesia), 6(2), 56-61.

Juliawanti, L. (2018). Ini Enam Peristiwa Intoleran yang Pernah Terjadi di Indonesia. IDN TIMES.

Khalimy, A. (2020). Secular or Religious State and the Impact on the Acceptance and Resistance of Sharia Perda in Indonesia. 15–23. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference of Law, Government and Social Justice (ICOLGAS).

Khan, I., Elius, M., Mohd Nor, M. R., Yakub Zulkifli Bin Mohd yusoff, M., Noordin, K., & Mansor, F. (2020). A Critical Appraisal of Interreligious Dialogue in Islam. 10(4).

Levy, I., & Travis, R. (2020). The Critical Cycle of Mixtape Creation: Reducing Stress Via Three Different Group Counseling Styles. The Journal for Specialists in Group Work, 45(4), 307-330.

Loomis, D. K., & Paterson, S. (2018). A Comparison of Data Collection Methods: Mail Versus Online Surveys. 49(2), 133–149. 00222216.2018.1494418

Mahadi, S. (2022). 5 Konflik Agama Paling Kontroversial dan Panas di Indonesia. Katanya Bhineka Tunggal Ika?. Retrieved from

Metcalf, L. (2021). Counseling Toward Solutions: A Practical, Solution-Focused Program for Working with Students, Teachers, and Parents. Routledge.

Mosley, D. v., Neville, H. A., Chavez-Dueñas, N. Y., Adames, H. Y., Lewis, J. A., & French, B. H. (2020). Radical Hope in Revolting Times: Proposing A Culturally Relevant Psychological Framework. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 14(1), e12512.

Nguitragool, P. (2020). Indonesia’s Sense of Self, the West, and Democracy: An Ontological (in) Security Perspective, 553–572.

Nurfaizah, K. (2019). Government Intervention in Determining Prices According to Ibn Taimiyah’s. Airlangga International Journal of Islamic Economics and Finance, 2(2), 97–104.

Nurhayati, T. (2020). Peningkatan Kedisiplinan dengan Konseling Kelompok Melalui Teknik Token Economy Bagi Peserta Didik SMPN 3 Banyuates. Nusantara of Research: Jurnal Hasil-hasil Penelitian Universitas Nusantara PGRI Kediri, 7(1), 57-63.

Pangalila, T., Mantiri, J., & Umar, M. (2020). Tomohon City Community Understanding of Tolerance. 162–166.

Pranata, R. H., Aman, & Setiawan, J. (2020). Implementation of Multicultural Values in Indonesian History Learning to Build Tolerance and Nationalism Attitudes of Students of Ngaglik 1 Senior High School, Sleman. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Social Science and Character Educations (ICoSSCE) 131–136.

Prasetyo, G., Hidayatullah, F., Akhyar, M., & Wiranto. (2020). The Needs Analysis of Multimedia Learning as a Solution to Strengthen Character Education. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, 422, 284–290.

Prihartini, Z. (2022). Viral Pria Tendang Sesajen di Gunung Semeru, Dosen Filsafat: Sesaji adalah Tradisi. Retrieved from 01/16/163000723/viral-pria-tendang-sesajen-di-gunung-semeru-dosen-filsafat--sesaji-adalah?page=all

Qasim, M., Irshad, M., Majeed, M., & Rizvi, S. T. H. (2021). Examining Impact of Islamic Work Ethic on Task Performance: Mediating Effect of Psychological Capital and a Moderating Role of Ethical Leadership. Journal of Business Ethics 2021 180:1, 180(1), 283–295.

Rahima, R., & Herlinda, F. (2017). Instrumen Bk 1 (A. Diniaty, Ed.). Cahaya Firdaus.

Rawwas, M. Y. A., Javed, B., & Iqbal, M. N. (2018). Perception of Politics and Job Outcomes: Moderating Role of Islamic Work Ethic. Personnel Review, 47(1), 74–94.

Rogers, B. (2018). Rejecting Religious Intolerance in South-East Asia. Journal of Southeast Asian Human Rights, 2. Retrieved from Page?handle=hein.journals/ jseahr2&id=5&div=&collection=

Rossi, N. (2020). Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close: Criminal Terrorism and Exceptional Legislation in Italy. Law, Security and the State of Perpetual Emergency, 107–132.

Rottweiler, B., & Gill, P. (2020). Conspiracy Beliefs and Violent Extremist Intentions: The Contingent Effects of Self-efficacy, Self-control and Law-related Morality. 34(7), 1485–1504.

Saidek, A. R., Islami, R., & Abdoludin. (2016). Character Issues: Reality Character Problems and Solutions through Education in Indonesia. Journal of Education and Practice, 7(17), 158–165. Retrieved from

Saltelli, A., Aleksankina, K., Becker, W., Fennell, P., Ferretti, F., Holst, N., Li, S., & Wu, Q. (2019). Why so many published sensitivity analyses are false: A systematic review of sensitivity analysis practices. Environmental Modelling & Software, 114, 29–39.

Sani, A., & Maharani Ekowati, V. (2020). Spirituality at work and organizational commitment as moderating variables in relationship between Islamic spirituality and OCB IP and influence toward employee performance. Journal of Islamic Marketing, 11(6), 1777–1799.

Santosa, I. (2021). Sejarah Panjang Hantu Rasisme di Amerika Serikat. Kompas.

Sari, S. P., Indasari, M., & Surtiyoni, E. (2020). Konseling Kelompok Singkat Berorientasi Solusi menggunakan media boneka untuk mengurangi agresivitas Siswa. Counsellia: Jurnal Bimbingan dan Konseling, 10(2), 147-159.

Simandjuntak, D. (2021). Disciplining the Accepted and Amputating the Deviants: Religious Nationalism and Segregated Citizenship in Indonesia. Asian Journal of Law and Society, 8(1), 88–107.

Sumada, I. M. (2018). Collaboration Policy of Regional Office of National Anti-Narcotics Agency with Local Wisdom (Perarem Desa Pekraman) in Bali Handling Drug Abuse. Proceedings of the International Conference on Business, Economic, Social Science and Humanities (ICOBEST) 466–470.

Whitehouse, H. (2018). Dying for the Group: Towards a General Theory of Extreme Self-Sacrifice. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 41, e192.

Wulandari, E., Suhertina, S., & Nirwana, H. (2020). Effect of Being Active in Participating in Group Guidance Services on the Independence of Students. Journal of Counseling, Education and Society, 1(1), 9-12.

Wolloch, N. (2022). The Development of Edward Gibbon’s Conservatism. Brill. Retrieved from

Yew, W. C., Awang, A. H., Selvadurai, S., Noor, M. M., & Chang, P. K. (2021). A Comparative Study of Islam and Buddhism: A Multicultural Society Perspective. Religions 2021, Vol. 12, Page 1098, 12(12), 1098.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Editorial Office:

Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teacher Training

Jalan A.H. Nasution No. 105, Cibiru

Bandung, Jawa Barat, Indonesia, 40614

Phone: 022- 7802276


 Creative Commons License

Jurnal Pendidikan Islam by is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats