Madrasa and Its Development in Nigeria

Abdullahi Ibrahim Sani(1*), Cecep Anwar(2)

(1) University of Malaya, Malaysia, Malaysia
(2) UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


This study aims to describe the development of madrasa education system in African continent. It also explores the development of madrasa in Taraba State, Nigeria. This research used a descriptive method. The results showed that in African continent, madrasa institutions had their historical developments, financial support and how British colonial influenced their development. In Nigeria, madrasa institutions have had similar developments with their counterparts from other countries in the African continent. British colonialism has reduced the supremacy of madrasa in terms of financial and managerial capacity. In Taraba State, Nigeria, there are several different forms of traditional non-formal Islamic education. Their forms include madrasa qur'anic college with the evolutionary development around Alaramma; madrasa whose mobility is limited; and Islamic school. The three educational institutions are recognized by the government and they have experienced modernization in terms of their management for the Qur'an program and their Western infrastructure use.



Madrasa Development; Nigeria; Religious Learning; Traditional Learning

Full Text:



Abdulqadir, I. (2003). The Almajiri System of Education in Nigeria Today. A Paper Presented at the 21st Convocation Ceremony of Bayero University Kano. Retrieved from:

Abdulqadir, M. (2014). An Analytical Study of The Contributions of Sheikh Ibrahim Jalo Jalingo to The Development of Da’awah In Taraba State. MA Dissertation (unpublished). Dept of Islamic Studies and Shariah, Bayero University Kano.

Babajo, H. H., Jamaluddin, Z., & Hamid, S. A. (2017). The Challenges of Tsangaya Quranic Schools in Contemporary Societies: A study of Kano State Nigeria. Asian Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies, 5(6), 243-250.

Bakewell, O., & De Haas, H. (2007). African Migrations: Continuities, Discontinuities and Recent Transformations. In African alternatives (pp. 95-117): Brill.

Fuseini, T. (2016). The Experiences of Muslim Child Beggars in Dagbon of Northern Ghana: An Exploratory Study from The Perspective of Salutogenesis. The University of Bergen.

Gada, A. M. (2010). A Short History of Early Islamic Scholarship in Hausaland: AM Gada.

Gbadamosi, T. G. O. (1978). The growth of Islam among the Yoruba, 1841-1908. (Ibadan History Series.) Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Humanities Press.

Hoechner, H. (2013). Searching for Knowledge and Recognition: Traditional Qur’anic Students (Almajirai) in Kano, Nigeria. French Institute for Research in Africa/InstitutFrançais de Recherche en Afrique (IFRA-Nigeria).

Imam, Y. (2002). Appraisal of the Historical Development of traditional Qur'anic Schools in Northern Nigeria. Unpublished PGDE project. Kano: Federal College of Education.

Kabir, M., Iliyasu, Z., Abubakar, I. S., & Ahmad, D. Z. (2005). Medico-Social Problems of Itenerant Qur'anic Scholars in Kano. Nigerian Journal of Paediatrics, 32(1), 15-18. Retrieved from

Muhammad, R., Yusuf, A., Bello, M. B. (2013). Teachers and Parents’ Assessment of the Inclusive Education of the Almajiri and Education for All in Nigeria. Journal of Resourcefulness and Distinction, 6(1), 1-11.

National Council for the Welfare of the Destitute. (2001). Almajiri and Qur’anic Education. Kaduna. Nigeria: Rishab Printing Press.

Odumosu, O., Odekunle, S., Bolarinwa, M., Taiwo, O., Ajala, A., Alonge, S. K., Akujobi, C. (2013). Manifestations of the Almajirai in Nigeria: Causes and Consequences: Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research.

Okugbeni, R. (2013). Basic Education and the Rights of the Almajiri Child, the Rhetoric of Universalism in Nigeria. MA Dissertation. Hague: Masters of Arts in Development Studies.

Otu, J. O. (2006). Portrait of the Almajiri: A Study of Their Daily Activities in Painting. Doctoral Dissertation (unpublished). Department of Fine Arts Ahmadu Bello University Zaria.

Ozigi, A., & Ocho, L. (1981). Education in Northern Nigeria Winchester. London: Allen & Unwin.

Shehu, S. (2003). The Integration Project and the Future of Qur’anic/Islamiyyah Schools in Northern Nigeria: Issues and Challenges. Paper Presented at The Forth Northern States Education Pre-Summit Workshop Organized by Northern Education Research Project. (Nerp), Arewa House Kaduna.

Shehu, S. (2006). Improving Qur’anic Tsangaya Education in Nigeria: Trends, Issues, Challenges and the Way Forward. Paper Presented at The Workshop Organized by Borno State Agency for Mass Education. 2nd – 5th May 2006.

Taiwo, F. J. (2013). Transforming the Almajiri Education for the Benefit of the Nigerian Society. Journal of Educational and Social Research, 3(9), 67-72.

Umar, M. S. (2003). Profiles of New Islamic Schools in Northern Nigeria. Maghreb Review, 28(2-3), 146-169.

Van Bruinessen, M. (2008). Traditionalist and Islamist Pesantrens in Contemporary Indonesia. in Farish A. Noor, Yoginder Sikand, Martin van Bruinessen (eds), The Madrasa in Asia, Political Activism and Transnational Linkages (pp. 217-245). Amsterdam University Press.

Yola, J. (2002). A Comparative Analysis Between Traditional Islamic Institutions and Government Islamic Schools in Some Northern States of Nigeria. Paper presented at the International Seminar jointly organized by Arab League Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization and the World Islamic Call Society, Bayero University, Kano.

Yousif, A. F. (2000). Religious Life and Institutions in Brunei. ISIM Newsletter, 5/00, 16.

Yusha’u, M. A, Tsafe, A., Babangida, S., & Lawal, N. (2013). Problems and Prospects of Integrated Almajiri Education in Northern Nigeria. Scientific Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 2(3), 125-134.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Editorial Office:

Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teacher Training

Jalan A.H. Nasution No. 105, Cibiru

Bandung, Jawa Barat, Indonesia, 40614

Phone: 022- 7802276


 Creative Commons License

Jurnal Pendidikan Islam by is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats