Fitriana Dewi Sumaryana


From a world perspective, it has been acknowledged that micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) play a vital role in development and economic growth, not only in developing countries but also in developed countries. In Developed Countries, MSMEs are important not only because they absorb the largest number of workers but also in many countries their contribution to the formation or growth of gross domestic product (GDP) is greater than the contribution of big business. The current policy of MSME development is still not optimal. Therefore, stakeholders, government and agencies should make efforts to improve the competitiveness of leading commodities in order to win the competition at the global level. The development of MSME is an integral part of the economic unification among ASEAN member countries. So far, government policies related to UMKM mostly use social welfare approach rather than business approach. The SME cluster is a system that supports the progress of SMEs, SME clusters form internal and external networks to gain economic benefits and enhance competitiveness.

Kata Kunci

SMEs, MSME Cluster, Free Trade, Economic Growth

Article metrics

Abstract views : 26 | PDF views : 5


Teks Lengkap:



Anwar, H. (2016). Pengembangan UMKM Masyarakat Bandung. JISPO: Jurnal Ilmu Sosial Dan Ilmu Politik, 6(1), 102-123. doi:

Bank Indonesia. (2015). Profil Bisnis Usaha Mikro, Kecil dan Menengah (UMKM). Jakarta: Lembaga Pengembangan Perbankan Indonesia (LPPI).

Bank Indonesia (2016). Pemetaan dan Strategi Peningkatan Daya Saing UMKM dalam Menghadapi Masyarakat Ekonomi ASEAN (MEA) 2015 dan Pasca MEA 2025. Departemen Pengembangan Umkm Bank Indonesia.

Barry, Albert, Rodriguez, Edgard, & Sandee, Henry. (2002). Firm and group dynamics in the small and medium enterprise sector in Indonesia. Journal of Small Business Economic, 18, 141-161.

Danial, R. (2017). Meningkatkan Keunggulan Bersaing Usaha Kecil dan Menengah (UMKM). JISPO: Jurnal Ilmu Sosial Dan Ilmu Politik, 7(1), 13-21. doi:

Dulkiah, M. (2018). TRUST BUILDING PEDAGANG KAIN DAN PAKAIAN DI CIREBON. TEMALI: Jurnal Pembangunan Sosial, 1(1), 1-20.


Hatch, C. Richard. (2000). Overcoming the Limitations of Size: Network Strategies for SME in Asia. Paper for ADB/OECD Workshop on SME Financing in Asia, Manila, 3-4 July 2000. New Jersey Institute of Technology.

Mahendro, Y. (2016). Tindakan Sosial Ekonomi Dalam Perspektif New International Sociology. JISPO: Jurnal Ilmu Sosial Dan Ilmu Politik, 6(1), 81 - 101. doi:

Nicolescu, O. (2009). Main features of SMEs organization system. Review of International Comparative Mana-gement, 10(3), 405-413. Retrieved from Vol10_No3_Article1.pdf

Poon, Wai-ching. (2009). Is Asset Price Relevant in Constructing Monetary Conditions Index for Indonesia?. Journal of Applied Economics, 8 (3).

Porter, M. (1998). Clusters and the New Economics of Competition. Harvard Business Review, November-December: 77-90.

Rabellotti, Roberta, & Pietrobelli, Carlo. (1995). Upgrading in Clusters and Value Chains in Latin America: The Role of Policies. Inter-American Development Bank. Washington D. C.

Sampurna, R. H. (2017). Analisis Kebutuhan Lembaga Penelitian Dan Pengembangan (Litbang) Di Kabupaten Bandung. JISPO: Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, 7(1), 1-11.

Schmitz, H. (1995). Collective Efficiency: Growth Path for Small-scale Industry. Journal of Development Studies, Vol. 31, No. 4: 529-566.

Setyobudi, Andang. (2007). Peran Serta Bank Indonesia dalam Pengembangan Usaha Mikro, Kecil dan Menengah (UMKM). Buletin Hukum Perbankan dan Kebanksentralan, 5(2), 29-35.

Tambunan, Tulus. (2009). Export-Oriented Small and Medium Industry Clusters in Indonesia. Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, 3(1), 25-58.

Tambunan, Tulus. (2010). The Indonesian Experience with Two Big Economic Crises. Modern Economy, 1, 156-167.

Tambunan, Tulus. (2015). Ukuran Daya Saing Koperasi dan UKM. Pusat Studi Industri dan UKM, Universitas Trisakti. Kadin Indonesia

Wengel, Jan., & Rodriguez, Edgard. (2006). SME Export Performance in Indonesia After the Crisis. Small Business Economics, 26, 25-37.


  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.


P - ISSN : 2303-3169

E - ISSN : 2579-3098

JISPO is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.>


Published by : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

Flag Counter


View My Stats