Textbook assessment and religious education efforts: how to achieve religious moderation in schools?


Adrianus Adison Sihombing(1), Maifalinda Fatra(2*), Abdul Quddus Suhaib(3), Nazar Hussain(4)

(1) National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia
(2) Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University, Indonesia
(3) Department of Islamic Studies, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan
(4) Southwest University of Political Science & Law, China
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This article delineates the process of evaluating the substance of religious education literature affiliated with Islam, Catholicism, Protestantism, Hinduism, and Buddhism. Moderation is regarded as a fundamental component of a pluralistic and multicultural society. Beyond that, its primary objective is to prevent division within the nation and address the issue of intolerance in textbooks. By employing a qualitative-descriptive-exploratory conceptual framework and conducting focus group discussions (FGDs) with multiple experts, this writing method is informed by meticulous observation and reading of religious education texts spanning grades kindergarten to high school. This research demonstrates that religious textbooks continue to include material that has the potential to incite violence, prejudice, and hostility. Furthermore, this analysis establishes textbook evaluation as a "bridge" to achieving religious moderation in madrasas and institutions. The independent assessment team and the book evaluation committee were both interviewed. This study emphasises the significance of providing authors and publishers with writing guidelines, training, and mentoring to ensure that the quality of textbooks produced aligns with the content embraced by the nation's norms, values, and culture.

 

Artikel ini menguraikan proses penilaian substansi literatur pendidikan agama yang berafiliasi dengan Islam, Katolik, Protestan, Hindu, dan Budha. Moderasi dianggap sebagai komponen mendasar dari masyarakat pluralistik dan multikultural. Selain itu, tujuan utamanya adalah untuk mencegah perpecahan dalam bangsa dan mengatasi masalah intoleransi dalam buku pelajaran. Dengan menggunakan kerangka konseptual kualitatif-deskriptif-eksploratif dan melakukan diskusi kelompok terfokus (FGD) dengan berbagai ahli, metode penulisan ini didasarkan pada observasi dan pembacaan yang cermat terhadap teks-teks pendidikan agama mulai dari tingkat taman kanak-kanak hingga sekolah menengah atas. Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa buku teks agama masih memuat materi yang berpotensi memicu kekerasan, prasangka, dan permusuhan. Lebih lanjut, analisis ini menjadikan evaluasi buku teks sebagai “jembatan” pencapaian moderasi beragama di madrasah dan lembaga. Tim penilai independen dan panitia evaluasi buku sama-sama diwawancarai. Studi ini menekankan pentingnya memberikan pedoman penulisan, pelatihan, dan pendampingan kepada penulis dan penerbit untuk memastikan bahwa kualitas buku teks yang dihasilkan sejalan dengan konten yang dianut oleh norma, nilai, dan budaya bangsa.


Keywords


Assessment; Education; Moderation; Religious; Textbooks

Full Text:

PDF

References


Afifah, A., Darmayanti, R., Sugianto, R., & Choirudin, C. (2022). How does Newman analyze student errors when solving BADER story problems? AMCA Journal of Religion and Society, 2(2).

Afifah, A., Nurohman, S., & Maryanto, A. (2021). The Development of Interactive Learning Media on Android Platform Assisted By Google Sites. Journal of Science Education Research, 5(2). https://doi.org/10.21831/jser.v5i2.44288

Al-Ghifary, D. F., Rochman, C., & Hasbiyallah. (2023). Profile of the Final Level Evaluation Instrument in Islamic Religious Education Subjects. ARBAS: Journal of Educational …, 1(1), 15–26. http://arbasjournal.com/index.php/ajei/article/view/7%0Ahttps://arbasjournal.com/index.php/ajei/article/download/7/2

Alhumaidan, H. (2018). Co-designing with children a collaborative augmented reality book based on a primary school textbook. International Journal of Child-Computer Interaction, 15, 24–36. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcci.2017.11.005

Andreassen, B. O. (2019). ‘Knowledge about Religions’ and Analytical Skills in Religious Education: Reflections from a Norwegian Context. Center for Educational Policy Studies Journal, 9(4), 73–90. https://doi.org/10.26529/cepsj.676

Araya, B. (2021). Developing a health education comic book: the advantages of learning the behaviours of a target audience. Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine, 44(3), 87–96. https://doi.org/10.1080/17453054.2021.1924639

Ashwal, G. (2018). Are comic books appropriate health education formats to offer adult patients? AMA Journal of Ethics, 20(2), 134–140. https://doi.org/10.1001/journalofethics.2018.20.2.ecas1-1802

Attwood, A. I. (2020). Comic Books and Graphic Novels for the Differentiated Humanities Classroom. Kappa Delta Pi Record, 56(4), 176–182. https://doi.org/10.1080/00228958.2020.1813520

Author, B. (2018). Book Title : George Eliot ’ s Religious Imagination Religion in a Secular World Middlemarch and the Mysticism of the Everyday.

Basil, J. D. (2012). Russian School Textbooks on Religion : Theological Learning , Ideological Confrontation , or Religious Education. 55(4), 712–739.

Berendes, K. (2018). Reading demands in secondary school: Does the linguistic complexity of textbooks increase with grade level and the academic orientation of the school track? Journal of Educational Psychology, 110(4), 518–543. https://doi.org/10.1037/edu0000225

Bi, J. (2020). How large a vocabulary do Chinese computer science undergraduates need to read English-medium specialist textbooks? English for Specific Purposes, 58, 77–89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esp.2020.01.001

Blinkova, A., & Vermeer, P. (2017). Religious education in Russia : a critical analysis of a widely used textbook. British Journal of Religious Education, 6200(December), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1080/01416200.2017.1405794

Boostrom, R. (2001). Whither textbooks? Journal of Curriculum Studies, 33(2), 229–245. https://doi.org/10.1080/00220270120459

Buchanan, M. T. (2009). textbooks in religious education. 749–762.

Burchardt, M. (2018). Law and Religious Diversity: How South African Courts Distinguish Religion, Witchcraft and Culture. International Studies in Religion and Society, 32, 272–294. https://doi.org/10.1163/9789004367111_017

Cahyadi, M. R., Maryanto, B. P. A., Syaifuddin, M., & Darmayanti, R. (2023). Development of Essay Test Assessment Rubric for Polya Theory-Based Mathematical Problem-Solving. JNPM (Jurnal Nasional Pendidikan Matematika), 7(1).

Campbell, L. (2017). A diagnosis of religious moderation: Matthew parker and the 1559 settlement. Moderate Voices in the European Reformation, 32–50. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315248776-3

Chen, J., & Chen, J. (2006). Reforming textbooks , reshaping school knowledge : Taiwan ’ s textbook deregulation in the 1990s Reforming Textbooks , Reshaping School Knowledge : Taiwan ’ s. September 2014, 37–41. https://doi.org/10.1080/14681360200200129

Cheng, K. K. Y., & Beigi, A. B. (2012). Education and religion in Iran: The inclusiveness of EFL (English as a Foreign Language) textbooks. International Journal of Educational Development, 32(2), 310–315. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijedudev.2011.05.006

Choirudin, C., Darmayanti, R., Afifah, A., Karim, S., & Sugianto, R. (2021). Mathematics Teacher Vs Media Development, What Are the Learning Problems in MTs. AMCA Journal of Religion and Society, 1(2).

Cholil, S. (2022). First Essay Freedom of Religion amid Polarization and Religious Moderation Policy. Interreligious Studies and Intercultural Theology, 6(2), 196–204. https://doi.org/10.1558/isit.24603

Cholily, Y. M., Darmayanti, R., Lovat, T., Choirudin, C., Usmiyatun, U., & ... (2023). Si-GEMAS: Serious game mathematical crossword puzzle learning media for students critical thinking ability. Al-Jabar: Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 14(1), 165–179.

Cuttler, C. (2019). Students’ Use and Perceptions of the Relevance and Quality of Open Textbooks Compared to Traditional Textbooks in Online and Traditional Classroom Environments. Psychology Learning and Teaching, 18(1), 65–83. https://doi.org/10.1177/1475725718811300

Daghigh, A. J. (2021). Neoliberalism in ELT textbooks: an analysis of locally developed and imported textbooks used in Malaysia. Pedagogy, Culture and Society, 29(3), 493–512. https://doi.org/10.1080/14681366.2020.1755888

Daheri, M. (2023). Strengthening Religious Moderation: Learning from the Harmony of Multireligious People in Indonesia. Journal of Population and Social Studies, 31, 571–586. https://doi.org/10.25133/JPSSv312023.032

Darmayanti, R., Effendi, M. M., Hasanah, N., & In’am, A. (2022). Development of Ethnomathematical Media Based on the Book Creator Application on the Syawalan Tradition in the Junior High School Curriculum. AL-ISHLAH: Jurnal Pendidikan, 14(4), 6181–6196.

Darmayenti. (2021). Developing efl religious characters and local wisdom based efl textbook for islamic higher education. Studies in English Language and Education, 8(1), 157–180. https://doi.org/10.24815/siele.v8i1.18263

De Cea, A. V. (2011). A cross-cultural and Buddhist-friendly interpretation of the typology exclusivism-inclusivism-pluralism. Sophia, 50(3), 453–480. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11841-011-0242-8

Dinh, T. N. (2017). Vietnamese cultural conceptualisations in the locally developed english textbook: A case study of ‘lunar new year’/‘tet.’ Asian Englishes, 19(2), 148–159. https://doi.org/10.1080/13488678.2017.1279763

Dutta, A. (2021). CNN-based segmentation of speech balloons and narrative text boxes from comic book page images. International Journal on Document Analysis and Recognition, 24(1), 49–62. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10032-021-00366-4

Eisenstein, M. A., & Clark, A. K. (2013). Portraits of Religion in Introductory American Government Textbooks : Images of Tolerance or Intolerance Portraits of Religion in Introductory American Government Textbooks : Images of Tolerance or Intolerance. Political Science Education, December 2014, 37–41. https://doi.org/10.1080/15512169.2013.747929

Emerson, A. (2018). The making of the (Il)legitimate citizen: The case of the pakistan studies textbook. Global Change, Peace and Security, 30(3), 295–311. https://doi.org/10.1080/14781158.2018.1501011

Engebretson, K. (2007). Writing Church ‐ sponsored Religious Education Textbooks Writing Church-sponsored Religious Education Textbooks. British Journal of Religious Education, 25(1), 33–46. https://doi.org/10.1080/0141620020250104

Essi Aarnio-Linnanvuori. (2013). Environmental Issues in Finnish School Textbooks on Religious Education and Ethics. Humanities and Social Science Education, 1(1), 131–157.

Fauzan, F. A., Hasbiyallah, H., & Fikri, M. (2022). The Creativity of Islamic Religious Education Teachers for Effective Learning. Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan Agama Islam (JIPAI), 2(2), 120–132. https://doi.org/10.15575/jipai.v2i2.18196

Franken, L. (2017). Coping with diversity in Religious Education: an overview. Journal of Beliefs and Values, 38(1), 105–120. https://doi.org/10.1080/13617672.2016.1270504

Freathy, R., & Aylward, K. (2010). “Everything is in parables”: An exploration of students’ difficulties in understanding Christian beliefs concerning Jesus. Religious Education, 105(1), 86–102. https://doi.org/10.1080/00344080903472758

Gada, M. Y. (2016). On pluralism , religious ‘ other ’, and the Quran : a post September-11. 6(2), 241–271. https://doi.org/10.18326/ijims.v6i2.241-271

Gill, S., & Niens, U. (2014). Education as humanisation: a theoretical review on the role of dialogic pedagogy in peacebuilding education. Compare, 44(1), 10–31. https://doi.org/10.1080/03057925.2013.859879

González, L. E. Q. (2018). Beyond the textbook. Gamification through ITC as an innovative alternative in Physical Education. Retos, 34, 343–348.

Gracin, D. G. (2018). Requirements in mathematics textbooks: a five-dimensional analysis of textbook exercises and examples. International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology, 49(7), 1003–1024. https://doi.org/10.1080/0020739X.2018.1431849

Grady, K. O., & Metcalfe, J. (2019). Textbook violence. British Journal of Religious Education, 41(4), 463–464. https://doi.org/10.1080/01416200.2019.1633131

Grissett, J. (2019). An Open versus Traditional Psychology Textbook: Student Performance, Perceptions, and Use. Psychology Learning and Teaching, 18(1), 21–35. https://doi.org/10.1177/1475725718810181

Gunawan, I. I., Darmayanti, R., In’am, A., Vedianty, A. S. A., & Vereshchaha, V. (2023). Clap-Breathe-Count: Using Ice-Breaking Ma-Te-Ma-Ti-Ka to Increase High School Students’ Learning Motivation. Delta-Phi: Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 1(1), 51–57.

Haan, I. De, & Lok, M. (2019). The Politics of Moderation in Modern European History. In The Politics of Moderation in Modern European History. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-27415-3

Hakim, W. (2017). Moderation effect of organizational citizenship behavior on the performance of lecturers. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 30(7), 1136–1148. https://doi.org/10.1108/JOCM-11-2016-0242

Hanafi, Y. (2022). Students’ perspectives on religious moderation: A qualitative study into religious literacy processes. HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies, 78(1). https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v78i1.7638

Hasanah, N., In’am, A., Darmayanti, R., Choirudin, C., Nurmalitasari, D., & ... (2022). Development of Al-Qur’an Context Math E-Module on Invers Function Materials Using Book Creator Application. AKSIOMA: Jurnal Program Studi Pendidikan Matematika, 11(4), 3502–3513.

Hasim, Moh. (2015). Potensi Radikalisme di Sekolah Studi Terhadap Buku Pendidikan Agama Islam Sekolah Dasar. EDUKASI: Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Agama Dan Keagamaan, 13(2), 255–268. https://doi.org/10.32729/edukasi.v13i2.242

Hernawan, W. (2021). Religious moderation in naskah wawacan babad walangsungsang: A sundanese religious diversity wisdom. HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies, 77(4). https://doi.org/10.4102/HTS.V77I4.6773

Höllinger, F. (2021). Religiosity in the major religious cultures of the world. International Journal of Sociology, 51(5), 345–359. https://doi.org/10.1080/00207659.2021.1958181

Ibrahim, H. (2018). The Principle of Wasaṭiyyah (Moderation) and the Social Concept of Islam: Countering Extremism in Religion. AL-ITQAN, 1(November), 39–48.

Jackson, L. (2015). Religion in Hong Kong education : representation in liberal studies textbooks. 14(1), 43–56.

Jayanti, E. F., Choirudin, Anwar, M. S., & Darmayanti, R. (2023). Application of Mind Mapping Learning Model to Improve Understanding of Mathematics Concepts in Building Space Materials. Delta-Phi: Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 1(1), 43–56.

Jenkins, J. J. (2020). Textbook broke: Textbook affordability as a social justice issue. Journal of Interactive Media in Education, 2020(1). https://doi.org/10.5334/jime.549

Karaosmanoglu, E. (2018). Corporate brand transgression and punishing the transgressor: moderation of religious orientation. Journal of Product and Brand Management, 27(2), 221–234. https://doi.org/10.1108/JPBM-01-2017-1388

Kementerian Agama, T. P. (2019). Moderasi Beragama (1st ed.). Kementerian Agama.

Kuhbandner, C. (2019). Do students really prefer repeated rereading over testing when studying textbooks? A reexamination. Memory, 27(7), 952–961. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2019.1610177

Kurniawan, B. D. (2023). Muhammadiyah and Religious Moderation: Response to Actions of Muhammadiyah to Prevent Modern Radicalism (Case Study of Leadership Period 2015 - 2021). Sociologia y Tecnociencia, 13(1), 102–123. https://doi.org/10.24197/st.1.2023.102-126

Latif, D. (2019). Considering religious education in context: politics, reform and debates among Turkish Cypriots. Journal of Beliefs and Values, 40(1), 64–76. https://doi.org/10.1080/13617672.2018.1472998

Lee, B. (2010). Broadening the Boundary of “ Textbooks ” for Intercultural Communication in Religious Education. Religious Education, 105(3), 37–41. https://doi.org/10.1080/00344081003771966

Lipnicka, M. (2021). Religious self-identification and culture—About the role of religiosity in cultural participation. Religions, 12(11). https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12111028

McDonald, C. V. (2017). Representations of Nature of Science in School Science Textbooks: A Global Perspective. Representations of Nature of Science in School Science Textbooks: A Global Perspective, 1–241. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315650524

Mishra, A. (2016). The role of customer gratitude in relationship marketing: moderation and model validation. Journal of Strategic Marketing, 24(6), 529–549. https://doi.org/10.1080/0965254X.2016.1148762

Moore, A. R. (2021). Understanding heteronormativity in ELT textbooks: A practical taxonomy. ELT Journal, 74(2), 116–125. https://doi.org/10.1093/ELT/CCZ058

Mulyana, R. (2023). Religious moderation in Islamic religious educatiotextbook and implementation in Indonesia. HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies, 79(1). https://doi.org/10.4102/HTS.V79I1.8592

Mutawali. (2023). As The Foundation of Islamic Moderation: Theo-Philosophical Insight against Extreme Religious Ideology. Ulumuna, 27(1), 341–366. https://doi.org/10.20414/ujis.v27i1.560

Nawani, D. (2010). School Textbooks: Understanding Frameworks for Analysis 1. 7(2).

Newton, L. D., & Newton, D. P. (2006). Can explanations in children’s books help teachers foster reason-based understandings in religious education in primary schools? British Journal of Religious Education, 28(3), 225–234. https://doi.org/10.1080/01416200600811311

Nwanaju, I. U. (2016). Nostra Aetate and the effect of Segregation on the attitude of children : a call for a dynamic re-evaluation of pedagogical policy in a pluralist society. 7(10), 2–3.

Pajarianto, H. (2022). Tolerance between religions through the role of local wisdom and religious moderation. HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies, 78(4). https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v78i4.7043

Pajarianto, H. (2023). Youth religious moderation model and tolerance strengthening through intellectual humility. HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies, 79(1). https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v79i1.8196

PPIM UIN Jakarta. (2018). Ancaman Radikalisme di Sekolah. 1(13), 1–10.

PPIM UIN Jakarta. (2019). Menyalakan Pelita Yang Meredup : Memperkuat Moderasi dan Toleransi Guru di Sekolah. Policy Brief, 2(2).

Rahim, H. A. (2020). Locally-developed vs. Global Textbooks: An Evaluation of Cultural Content in Textbooks Used in ELT in Malaysia. Asian Englishes, 22(3), 317–331. https://doi.org/10.1080/13488678.2019.1669301

Rahmah, K., Inganah, S., Darmayanti, R., Sugianto, R., & Ningsih, E. F. (2022). Analysis of Mathematics Problem Solving Ability of Junior High School Students Based on APOS Theory Viewed from the Type of Kolb Learning Style. INdoMATH: Indonesia Mathematics Education, 5(2), 109–122.

Rahman, Y. (2022). Critical Thinking and Religious Moderation Instilling Religiously Moderate Values through the Teaching of Islamic Philosophy in Indonesia. Journal of Indonesian Islam, 16(1), 49–74. https://doi.org/10.15642/JIIS.2022.16.1.49-74

Rahmiwati, S. (2018). The Implementation of Integrated Natural Science Textbook of Junior High School be Charged on Character-based Shared Models to Improve the Competence of Learners’ Knowledge. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 335(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/335/1/012076

Rasero, L. S., & Bochaca, J. G. (2011). Muslims in Catalonian textbooks. Journal of Educational Media, Memory, and Society, 3(1), 81–96. https://doi.org/10.3167/jemms.2011.030106

Ridho’i, A. V, Darmayanti, R., Afifah, A., & Nurmaltasari, D. (2023). Pizzaluv-Math: Analysis of Learning Media Needs to Make It Easy for Students to Learn the Limits of Trigonometric Functions. Delta-Phi: Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 1(3).

Rigaud, C. (2018). Segmentation-Free Speech Text Recognition for Comic Books. Proceedings of the International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, ICDAR, 3, 29–34. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICDAR.2017.288

Risager, K. (2020). Language textbooks: windows to the world. Language, Culture and Curriculum, 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1080/07908318.2020.1797767

Rismawati, S. D. (2021). The Legal Politics of Religious Moderation in Indonesia: Responsive or Repressive? Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues, 24(4), 1–8.

Ropi, I. (2019). Whither religious moderation? The state and management of religious affairs in contemporary Indonesia. Studia Islamika, 26(3), 597–601. https://doi.org/10.36712/sdi.v26i3.14055

Saber, M. D. (2022). ‘Islamic Culture’ textbook content and religious needs of literacy students. HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies, 78(1). https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v78i1.7994

Sari, A. P., Qurotunnisa, A., Rukmana, A., & Darmayanti, R. (2023). What are the advantages of using leftover cooking oil waste as an aromatherapy candle to prevent pollution? Jurnal Inovasi Dan Pengembangan Hasil Pengabdian Masyarakat, 1(2).

Satoko, F. (2019). Buddhism in RE Textbooks in England : Before Shap and After the Call for Community Cohesion. Religion & Education, 46(2), 234–252. https://doi.org/10.1080/15507394.2018.1469906

Schwedler, J. (2013). Islamists in Power? Inclusion, Moderation, and the Arab Uprisings. Middle East Development Journal, 5(1), 37–41. https://doi.org/10.1142/S1793812013500065

Sekaryanti, R., Darmayanti, R., Choirudin, C., Usmiyatun, U., Kestoro, E., & ... (2022). Analysis of Mathematics Problem-Solving Ability of Junior High School Students in Emotional Intelligence. Jurnal Gantang, 7(2), 149–161.

Setiawan, K. (2018). sembilan-kasus-buku-teks-pendidikan-keagamaan. NU Online.

Setyono, B. (2018). The Portrayal of Women in Nationally-Endorsed English as a Foreign Language (EFL) Textbooks for Senior High School Students in Indonesia. Sexuality and Culture, 22(4), 1077–1093. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12119-018-9526-2

Shnirelman, V. (2017). Religious culture or invitation to religion: What are the new textbooks about? Gosudarstvo, Religiia, Tserkov’ v Rossii i Za Rubezhom/State, Religion and Church in Russia and Worldwide, 35(4), 89–118. https://doi.org/10.22394/2073-7203-2017-35-4-89-118

Sihombing, A. A. (2020). Nostra aetate and space for religious moderation: Interfaith dialogue in multicultural Indonesia. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies, 19(55), 142–157.

Simon, J. (2019). Proposed new pulmonary hypertension definition: Is 4 mm(Hg) worth re-writing medical textbooks? European Respiratory Journal, 53(3). https://doi.org/10.1183/13993003.00197-2019

Somer, M. (2014). Moderation of religious and secular politics, a country’s “centre” and democratization. Democratization, 21(2), 244–267. https://doi.org/10.1080/13510347.2012.732069

Stausberg, M., & Engler, S. (2013). Textbooks in the study of religion s : introducing a new feature series. 1151. https://doi.org/10.1080/0048721X.2013.781882

Subchi, I. (2022). Religious Moderation in Indonesian Muslims. Religions, 13(5). https://doi.org/10.3390/rel13050451

Suciati, R. (2022). Development of Textbook Integrated of Metacognition, Critical Thinking, Islamic Values, and Character. Pegem Egitim ve Ogretim Dergisi, 12(4), 20–28. https://doi.org/10.47750/pegegog.12.04.03

Sugianto, R., Cholily, Y. M., Darmayanti, R., Rahmah, K., & Hasanah, N. (2022). Development of Rainbow Mathematics Card in TGT Learning For Increasing Mathematics Communication Ability. Kreano, Jurnal Matematika Kreatif-Inovatif, 13(2), 221–233.

Sugianto, R., Darmayanti, R., da Silva Santiago, P. V, & Choirudin, C. (2023). MONICA Math: Design of Mathematical Monopoly Media Development on High School Student’s Critical Thinking Ability. AMCA Journal of Science and Technology, 3(1).

Suharsiwi, NI Rachmawati, SH Dehham, & R Darmayanti. (2023). “DINO Vs. DINI” educational game to increase children’s cognitive abilities—what are its level elements? Delta-Phi: Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 1(2). https://www.journal.assyfa.com/index.php/dpjpm/article/view/244

Sumarni, S., Ramadhani, R., Sazaki, Y., Astika, R. T., Andika, W. D., & Prasetiyo, A. E. (2019). Development of “child friendly ICT” textbooks to improve professional competence of teacher candidates: A case study of early childhood education program students. Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists, 7(3). https://doi.org/10.17478/jegys.596095

Taylor, C. (2019). DROP TABLE textbooks: An argument for SQL injection coverage in database textbooks. SIGCSE 2019 - Proceedings of the 50th ACM Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education, 191–197. https://doi.org/10.1145/3287324.3287429

Ushama, T. (2014). Is islam a religion of moderation or extremism? a study of key islamic teachings. Asian Social Science, 10(8), 184–197. https://doi.org/10.5539/ass.v10n8p184

Vanner, C., Kovinthan, T., & Spogmai, L. (2019). South Sudanese primary school textbooks : Transforming and reinforcing conflict. PROSPECTS, 0123456789. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11125-019-09452-2

Vestøl, J. M. (2014). British Journal of Religious Education Text interpretation and educational design in Norwegian textbooks of religious education. British Journal of Religious Education, 36(1), 88–101. https://doi.org/10.1080/01416200.2013.856286

Vestøl, J. M. (2016). Textbook Religion and Lived Religion : A Comparison of the Christian Faith as Expressed in Textbooks and by Young Church Members. 4087(March). https://doi.org/10.1080/00344087.2016.1124015

Vorotnykova, I. (2019). Organizational, psychological and pedagogical conditions for the use of e-books and e-textbooks at school. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, 20(3). https://doi.org/10.17718/tojde.598227

Weinryb, B. D. (2006). Religious Education : The official journal of the Religious Education Association I . Intergroup Content in Jewish Religious Textbooks. The Official Journal of the Religious Education Association, 55(2), 37–41. https://doi.org/10.1080/0034408600550208

Yaakub, M. B., & Othman, K. (2016). A Textual Analysis aor The Term ‘Wasatiyyah’ (Islamic Moderation) In Selected Quranic Verses And Prophetic Tradition. Education and Social Sciences, 5, 61–68.

Zahroh, U., Maghfiroh, W., Darmayanti, R., & Hidayat, A. (2023). Innovation in mathematics education for high school students using small group discussion as a case study. Assyfa International Scientific Journal, 1(1), 8–14.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15575/ath.v8i2.30170

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2023 Author

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats

 

Atthulab: Islamic Religion Teaching and Learning Journal licensed by Lisensi Internasional Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0
Copyright © UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

Indexing:

 

Laboratory of Islamic Religious Education UIN Sunan Gunung Djati
2nd Floor of Education Building
Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teacher Training UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung
(Campus 2) Jalan Cimincrang (Soekarno-Hatta), Cimincrang-Gedebage-Bandung, Indonesia 40294.

Phone: Mahlil Nurul Ihsan (+6289606296370)
E-mail: jurnal.atthulab@uinsgd.ac.id