Exploring “Kaulinan Barudak” to Develop Children’s Character Values in Islamic Early Childhood Education

Mubiar Mubiar, Nordin Bin Mamat, Ernawulan Syaodih

Abstract


In RA (Raudhatul Athfal/Islamic Early Childhood Education) context, since many teachers relied heavily on standard learning guidelines, most of them didn’t have the power of creativity to make learning for children fun.  As a result, children were likely to experience burn out and this calls for a solution to apply like kaulinan barudak to develop children’s character values. This study was aimed at determining the effectiveness of the implementation of kaulinan barudak, Sundanese traditional games in developing character values for children in RA (Raudhatul Athfal/Islamic Early Childhood Education). This research applied a quasi-experimental method with Nonequivalent Pretest-Posttest design. This research was conducted in two RA schools namely RA Al Muqadasah 1 and RA Al-Muqadasah 2 with 36 children involved. The test result for average difference on the post-test showed that children’s character values of the experimental class and the control class at the 0.05 significance level was obtained p (sig. (2-tailed) = 0,000. This indicated that there was a significant difference between the average score of the experimental class and control class in their post-test in terms of their character values scores at a level of confidence of 95%. Applying kaulinan barudak provided the experimental class a fun learning experience, potential growth, fun game, peer interaction, and a pleasant atmosphere. The process allowed character values to occur and children learned those values and realized them in kaulinan barudak.


Keywords


Character Education; Early Childhood Education; Islamic Education; Traditional Game

References


Abdurrahman, N. H. (2016). Character Education in Islamic Boarding School-Based SMA Amanah. Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 2(2), 287. https://doi.org/10.15575/jpi.v2i2.791

Adriany, V. (2018). The internationalisation of early childhood education: Case study from selected kindergartens in Bandung, Indonesia. Policy Futures in Education, 16(1), 92–107. https://doi.org/10.1177/1478210317745399

Agustin, Mubiar. (2012). Permasalahan Belajar dan Inovasi Pembelajaran. Bandung: Refika Aditama.

Aisyah, Eny Nur. (2017). Character Building in Early Childhood Through Traditional Games. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research.128, 292-294.

Al-Ghazali. (2011). Ihya Ulumuddin. Jakarta: Republika.

Alif,Zaini. (2014). Pendidikan Karakter dalam Mainan dan Permainan Tradisional Jawa Barat. Pemerintah Provinsi Jawa Barat.

AL Zbon, A. M. O., & Smadi, S. M. (2017). The role of the family in the emotional growth of the adolescent in light of the Islamic education. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 22(1), 78–92. https://doi.org/10.1080/02673843.2015.1124792

Amirudin, Mukarom, Zaenal. (2018). Pendidikan Karakter dalam Kaulinan Budak Baheula: Studi Nilai Pendidikan Karakter Melalui Permainan Anak Tradisional Sorodot Gaplok dari Jawa Barat. AL-BIDAYAH: Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar Islam. 10(02), 213-228.

Andriani, Tuti. (2012). Permainan Tradisional Dalam Membentuk Karakter Anak Usia Dini. Jurnal Sosial Budaya. 9 (1), 121-136.

Armstrong, T., Rockloff, M., Greer, N., & Donaldson, P. (2016). Rise of the Machines: A Critical Review on the Behavioural Effects of Automating Traditional Gambling Games. Journal of Gambling Studies, 1-33.

Aypay, Ayse. (2016). Investigating the Role of Traditional Children’s Games in Teaching Ten Universal Values in Turkey. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 16(62), 283–300

Bakken, L., Brown, N., & Downing, B. (2017). Early Childhood Education: The Long-Term Benefits. Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 31(2), 255–269. https://doi.org/10.1080/02568543.2016.1273285

Berglund, J., & Gent, B. (2019). Qur’anic education and non-confessional RE: an intercultural perspective. Intercultural Education, 30(3), 323–334. https://doi.org/10.1080/14675986.2018.1539305

Creswell, John W. (2014). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Method Approaches. London: Sage.

Erihadiana, M. (2019). The implementation of Islamic local content in building character education at junior high shcool al amanah bandung. Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 4(2), 41–50. https://doi.org/10.15575/jpi.v4i2.3812

Hasanah, A., Gustini, N., & Rohaniawati, D. (2016). Cultivating character education Sundanese culture local wisdom. Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 2(2), 231–253.

Hauer, J., & Hauer, J. (2000). The Impact of Character Education on Russian Teachers: An Informal Survey, Spotlight on Josephine Hauer. Journal of College and Character, 1(5). https://doi.org/10.2202/1940-1639.1282

Hu, B. Y., & Szente, J. (2009). Exploring the quality of early childhood education in China: Implications for early childhood teacher education. Journal of Early Childhood Teacher Education, 30(3), 247–262. https://doi.org/10.1080/10901020903084330

Huizinga,J. (1949). Homo Ludens (A Study of The Play-Element in Culture). London.

Hulawa, D. E. (2018). Al-Zarnuji’S Character Concept in Strengthening Character Education in Indonesia. Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 4(2), 25–40. https://doi.org/10.15575/jpi.v4i2.2395

Marlina, Serli. (2017). Character Values Development in Early Childhood through Traditional Games. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research (ASSEHR). 58, 404-408.

Melianasari, Herlini, Suparno. (2018). The Importance of Traditional Games to Improve Children’s Interpersonal Skill. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research. 249, 181-186.

Nur, Haerani. (2013). Membangun Karakter Anak Melalui Permainan Anak Tradisional. Jurnal Pendidikan Karakter. 03(01), 87-94.

Nur, Lutfi, Halimah, Momoh, Nurzaman, Istikhoroh. (2017). Permainan Tradisional Kaulinan Barudak Untuk Mengembangkan Sikap Empati dan Pola Gerak Dasar Anak Usia Dini. Jurnal PAUD Agapedia. 1 (2), 170-180.

Jalal, F (2002). Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini Pendidikan yang Mendasar. Jurnal Ilmiah Anak Dini Usia. 03, 4-8.

Lickona, T. (1992). Educating for Character: How Our Schools Can Teach Respeect and Responsibility. New York USA: Bantan Books.

Megawangi, R. (2004). Pendidikan Karakter, Solusi yang Tepat untuk Membangun Bangsa. Jakarta: Indonesia Heritage Foundation.

Munir, A. 2010. Pendidikan Karakter: Membangun Karakter Anak Sejak dari Rumah. Yogyakarta: Pedagogia.

Mutiah, D. 2010. Psikologi Bermain Anak Usia Dini. Jakarta: Kencana.

Puspita, Ryan Dwi. (2019). Etnopedagogik dalam Kaulinan Oray-orayan. Golden Age: Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini. 3 (1), 16-26.

Rodiah, Iis, Al-Hamdani, M. Djaswidi. (2016). Konsep Guru dan Pendidikan Akhlak Menurut Imam Al-Ghazali. Tarbiyah al-Aulad. 1(2), 116-132.

Ryan, Kevin, Bohlin, Karen E. (2003). Building Character in Schools: Practical Ways to Bring Moral Instruction to Life. Sun Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Saputra, Nofrans Eka, Ekawati, Yun Nina. (2017). Tradisional Games in Improving Children's Basic Abilities. Jurnal Psikologi Jambi. 02(02), 48-53.

Shihab. M. Qurais. (2002). Tafsir Al Misbah, Pesan Kesan dan Keserasian Al-Quran. Jakarta: Lentera Hati.

Smidt, W. (2018). Early childhood education and care in Austria: challenges and education policies. Early Child Development and Care, 188(5), 624–633. https://doi.org/10.1080/03004430.2017.1403431

Supeni, Siti, Hakim, Luqman, Jumintono. (2019). Strengthening Character Education of Early Childhood through Javanese Traditional Game Dakon. International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering (IJRTE). 7 (6S2), 243-249.

Tilaar. (2000). Budaya dan Pendidikan Nasional. Remaja Rosdakarya: Bandung.

Wafda, Assas Husnia. (2017). Pengembangan Karakter Bersahabat dan Peduli Sosial Melalui Permainan Tradisional Engklek pada Anak di Kelurahan Warujayeng Kecamatan Tanjunganom Kabupaten Nganjuk. Skripsi. Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta.

Wartini, Atik, Askar, Muhammad. (2015). Al-Quran dan Pemanfaatan Permainan Edukatif pada Anak Usia Dini. Jurnal Al-Afkar. 3(1), 99-124.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15575/jpi.v6i1.8226

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Editorial Office:

Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teacher Training

Jalan A.H. Nasution No. 105, Cibiru

Bandung, Jawa Barat, Indonesia, 40614

Phone: 022- 7802276

e-mail: journalof.islamiceducation@uinsgd.ac.id



 Creative Commons License

Jurnal Pendidikan Islam by http://journal.uinsgd.ac.id/index.php/jpi is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats